Soviet gunboat Krasnoye Znamya

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Khrabryy1895.jpg
The Imperial Russian gunboat Khrabryi.
Career (Imperial Russia, later acquired by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) Russian Imperial Navy flag Naval Ensign of the Soviet Union.svg
Name: Krasnoye Znamya
Laid down: December 27, 1894 in Imperial Russia
Launched: November 21, 1895 in Imperial Russia
Acquired: by the Soviet Union 30 December 1922 commissioned by Soviet Navy before World War II
Commissioned: 1897 by Imperial Russia
Decommissioned: no Imperial Russian decommission was made, passed on to Soviet Union
In service: World War I, Russian Revolution of 1917, and Russian Civil War
Commissioned: September 17, 1944 by the Soviet Union
Decommissioned: 1960 by the Soviet Union
In service: World War II
Cold War
Status: Sunk on November 18, 1942, raised on November 13, 1943
General characteristics
Class & type: Krasnoye Znamya class gunboat
Displacement: 1,735 tons
Length: 72.26 m (237.1 ft)
Beam: 13.1 m (43 ft)
Draft: 3.35 m (11.0 ft)
Propulsion: two VTE, eight boilers, two shafts, 2,100 hp
Speed: 14.5 knots (26.9 km/h)
Range:

600 nautical miles (1,100 km) at 14 knots

1,050 nautical miles (1,940 km) at 7 knots
Complement: 165–201
Armament: 130 mm/55 B7 Pattern 1913
1× 40 mm
2× 74 mm
50 mines

Krasnoye Znamya (Красное Знамя, Red Banner, ex-Khrabryi) was a Soviet gunboat. The ship had been built in the late 19th century as the Khrabryi (Храбрый, Brave) by the Russian Empire. The ship was the only craft of its class. The Krasnoye Znamya was sunk in the harbour of Lavansaari in the Gulf of Finland on November 16, 1942 after an attack by Finnish MTBs.

The sinking of Krasnoye Znamya[edit]

During World War I Khrabryi participated in the battles in the Baltic Sea. It was lightly damaged during the Battle of Moon Sound in 1917. On December 31, 1922 the ship was renamed to Krasnoye Znamya.

After the Moscow Peace Treaty of 1940 between Finland and the Soviet Union, the island of Lavansaari had been handed over to the Soviets. During the Continuation War the island was a Soviet naval base and housed a radar station. On November 18, 1942 the three Finnish motor torpedo boats Syöksy, Vinha and Vihuri, as well as a minelaying KM-boat made an assault on the harbour of Lavansaari. Syöksy managed to hit the Krasnoye Znamya with one torpedo. She was sunk in her moorings.[1] The Finnish commander of the operation, kapteeniluutnantti Jouko Pirhonen, was awarded the Mannerheim Cross because of this success.

The Krasnoye Znamya was salvaged on November 13, 1943 and recommissioned on September 17, 1944. She was finally decommissioned in 1960.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Attacken mot Lövskärs hamn (The Attack on the harbour of Lavansaari, in Swedish)