Soviet submarine S-13
S-13 portrayed on a Russian stamp, issued in 1996
|Laid down:||19 October 1938|
|Launched:||25 April 1939|
|Commissioned:||31 July 1941|
|Decommissioned:||7 September 1954|
|Struck:||17 December 1956|
|Class and type:||Soviet S-class submarine|
|Displacement:||840 long tons (853 t) surfaced
1,050 long tons (1,067 t) submerged
|Length:||77.8 m (255 ft 3 in)|
|Beam:||6.4 m (21 ft 0 in)|
|Draught:||4.4 m (14 ft 5 in)|
|Propulsion:||2 × diesels 2,000 hp (1,491 kW) each
2 × electric motors 550 hp (410 kW) each
2 × shafts
|Speed:||19.5 knots (22.4 mph; 36.1 km/h) surfaced
9 knots (10 mph; 17 km/h) submerged
|Test depth:||100 m (330 ft)|
|Complement:||50 officers and men|
|Armament:||6 × 21 in (530 mm) torpedo tubes (4 forward, 2 aft)
12 × torpedoes
1 × 100 mm (4 in) gun
1 × 45 mm (2 in) cannon
S-13 was a Stalinets-class submarine of the Soviet Navy. Her keel was laid down by Krasnoye Sormovo in Gorky on 19 October 1938. She was launched on 25 April 1939 and commissioned on 31 July 1941 in the Baltic Fleet, under the command of Captain Pavel Malantyenko.
In the first half of September 1942, under Malantjenko's command, S-13 sank two Finnish ships, Hera and Jussi H., and a German ship Anna W, totaling 4,042 tons.
On 15 October 1942, caught on the surface while charging her batteries, S-13 was attacked by the Finnish submarine chasers VMV-13 and VMV-15. During her crash dive, the submarine hit bottom, severely damaging her rudder and destroying her steering gear. The following depth charge attack worsened the damage, but S-13 escaped and made it back to Kronstadt.
During the next three years, Malantyenko was relieved by Alexander Marinesko and S-13 was repaired and returned to sea.
Under the command of Marinesko, then 32, on 30 January 1945, at Stolpe Bank off the Pomeranian coast, S-13 sank the 25,484-ton German liner Wilhelm Gustloff, overfilled with civilians and military personnel, with three torpedoes. Recent estimates calculate that over 9,000 people were killed, the worst loss of life in maritime history.
Soon after that, S-13 fired at the T-36, a torpedo boat that had come to the aid of the Wilhelm Gustloff. Despite being overloaded with 564 survivors from the Gustloff, the captain of T-36 was able to dodge the torpedo.
S-13 was decommissioned on 7 September 1954 and stricken on 17 December 1956.
|11 September 1942||Hera||1379 GRT||freighter (torpedo)|
|12 September 1942||Jussi H.||2325 GRT||freighter (torpedo)|
|18 September 1942||Anna W.||290 GRT||freighter (gunfire)|
|30 January 1945||Wilhelm Gustloff||25484 GRT||transport ship (torpedo)|
|10 February 1945||General Steuben||14660 GRT||transport ship (torpedo)|
S-13 also damaged with gunfire the German fishing vessel Siegfried (563 GRT), but despite being damaged she escaped.