Soyuz-FG

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Soyuz FG (Soyuz-FG/Fregat)
Soyuz TMA-11M rocket launches from Baikonur (2).jpg
The launch of Soyuz TMA-11M atop a Soyuz-FG rocket.
Function Orbital carrier rocket
Manufacturer TsSKB-Progress
Country of origin Russia
Size
Height 49.5 m for Soyuz-FG and 42.5 m for Soyuz-FG/Fregat
Diameter 10.3 m
Mass 305,000 kg (672,000 lb)
Stages 2 (Soyuz FG) or 3 (Soyuz-FG/Fregat)
Capacity
Payload to LEO 7,100 kg for Soyuz-FG and 7,800 kg for Soyuz-FG/Fregat
Payload to
800km SSO
(only for Soyuz-FG/Fregat)
4,500 kg (9,900 lb)
Associated rockets
Family R-7 (Soyuz)
Launch history
Status Active
Launch sites LC-1 (Soyuz-FG) & LC-31 (Soyuz-FG/Fregat), Baikonur
Total launches 46 (FG: 36, FG/Fregat: 10)
Successes 46
First flight Soyuz-FG: May 20, 2001
Soyuz-FG/Fregat June 2, 2003
Notable payloads Soyuz-TMA
Progress spacecraft
Boosters (Stage 0)
No. boosters 4
Engines 1 RD-107А
Thrust 838.5 kN near surface (1021.3 kN in vacuum)
Specific impulse 310 s (3.0 km/s)
Burn time 118 seconds
Fuel LOX/RP-1
First stage
Engines 1 RD-108А
Thrust 792.48 kN near surface (990.18 kN in vacuum)
Specific impulse 311 s (3.05 km/s)
Burn time 280 seconds
Fuel LOX/RP-1
Second stage
Engines 1 RD-0110
Thrust 297.93 kN in vacuum
Specific impulse 359 s (3.52 km/s)
Burn time 230 seconds
Fuel LOX/RP-1
Third stage (Optional) - Fregat
Engines 1 S5.92
Thrust 19.6 kN (4,406 LBf)
Specific impulse 327 s (3.21 km/s)
Burn time 877 seconds
Fuel N2O4/UDMH

The Soyuz-FG launch vehicle is an improved version of the Soyuz-U, from the R-7 family of rockets, designed and constructed by TsSKB-Progress in Samara. It made its maiden flight on May 20, 2001, carrying a Progress M1-6 cargo spacecraft to the International Space Station (ISS).

Since October 30, 2002 the Soyuz-FG has been the only vehicle used by the Russian Federal Space Agency to launch Soyuz-TMA manned spacecraft to the ISS. As of October 2010, Soyuz-FG has made 23 flights, bringing to the ISS three Progress-M1, 22 Soyuz-TMA spacecraft, and 11 Soyuz-TMA-M spacecraft, with its most recent launch on April 15, 2011. All launches have been successful thus far.

Another version of the Soyuz-FG is the Soyuz-FG/Fregat with Fregat as its 3rd stage, developed and produced by Lavochkin Association in Khimki. A European-Russian company Starsem owns all rights to launches using this version. As of April 2008 there have been nine launches of Soyuz-FG/Fregat with commercial payloads. Its maiden flight occurred on June 2, 2003.

The analog control system of this spacecraft significantly limits its capabilities, and it will eventually be replaced by the Soyuz-2 launch vehicle.

The Soyuz-FG is launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, Launch site LC-1 for Soyuz-FG and LC-31, for Soyuz-FG/Fregat.

A Soyuz-FG is rolled out to the launch pad at Baikonur Cosmodrome.

Launch history[edit]

Date and Time (UTC) Configuration Serial Number Launch Site Result Payload Remarks
May 20, 2001
22:32
Soyuz-FG К15000-001 LC-1, Baikonur Success Progress M1-6 ISS Logistics
November 26, 2001
18:24
Soyuz-FG Ф15000-002 LC-1, Baikonur Success Progress M1-7 ISS Logistics
Kolibri 2000
September 25, 2002
16:58
Soyuz-FG Э15000-003 LC-1, Baikonur Success Progress M1-9 ISS Logistics
October 30, 2002
16:58
Soyuz-FG Э15000-004 LC-1, Baikonur Success Soyuz TMA-1 Manned flight with 3 Cosmonauts
ISS escape craft
April 26, 2003
03:53
Soyuz-FG Э15000-006 LC-1, Baikonur Success Soyuz TMA-2 Manned flight with 2 Cosmonauts
ISS Expedition 7
June 2, 2003
18:24
Soyuz-FG/Fregat Э15000-005/
ST-11
LC-31, Baikonur Success Mars Express[1] Mars orbiter
Beagle 2 Mars lander
Launched successfully but later failed
October 18, 2003
05:38
Soyuz-FG Д15000-007 LC-1, Baikonur Success Soyuz TMA-3 Manned flight with 3 Cosmonauts
ISS Expedition 8
December 27, 2003
21:30
Soyuz-FG/Fregat Д15000-008/
ST-12
LC-31, Baikonur Success AMOS-2 Communications satellite
April 19, 2004
05:19
Soyuz-FG Ж15000-009 LC-1, Baikonur Success Soyuz TMA-4 Manned flight with 3 Cosmonauts
ISS Expedition 9
October 14, 2004
03:06
Soyuz-FG Ж15000-012 LC-1, Baikonur Success Soyuz TMA-5 Manned flight with 3 Cosmonauts
ISS Expedition 10
April 15, 2005
00:46
Soyuz-FG Ж15000-014 LC-1, Baikonur Success Soyuz TMA-6 Manned flight with 3 Cosmonauts
ISS Expedition 11
August 13, 2005
23:28
Soyuz-FG/Fregat Ж15000-011/
ST-13
LC-31, Baikonur Success Galaxy 14 Communications satellite
October 1, 2005
03:54
Soyuz-FG П15000-017 LC-1, Baikonur Success Soyuz TMA-7 Manned flight with 3 Cosmonauts
ISS Expedition 12
November 9, 2005
03:33
Soyuz-FG/Fregat Ж15000-010/
ST-14
LC-31, Baikonur Success Venus Express Venus orbiter
December 28, 2005
05:19
Soyuz-FG/Fregat П15000-015/
ST-15
LC-31, Baikonur Success GIOVE-A Navigation satellite
March 30, 2006
02:30
Soyuz-FG П15000-018 LC-1, Baikonur Success Soyuz TMA-8 Manned flight with 3 Cosmonauts
ISS Expedition 13
September 18, 2006
04:08
Soyuz-FG Ц15000-023 LC-1, Baikonur Success Soyuz TMA-9 Manned flight with 3 Cosmonauts
ISS Expedition 14
April 7, 2007
17:31
Soyuz-FG Ц15000-019 LC-1, Baikonur Success Soyuz TMA-10 Manned flight with 3 Cosmonauts
ISS Expedition 15
May 29, 2007
20:31
Soyuz-FG/Fregat Ц15000-021 LC-31, Baikonur Success Globalstar Comsat
Globalstar Comsat
Globalstar Comsat
Globalstar Comsat
October 10, 2007
13:22 [1]
Soyuz-FG Ц15000-020 LC-1, Baikonur Success Soyuz TMA-11 Manned flight with 3 Cosmonauts
ISS Expedition 16
October 20, 2007
20:12
Soyuz-FG/Fregat Ц15000-022 LC-31, Baikonur Success Globalstar Comsat
Globalstar Comsat
Globalstar Comsat
Globalstar Comsat
December 14, 2007
13:17
Soyuz-FG/Fregat Ц15000-025 LC-31, Baikonur Success RADARSAT-2 Earth observation
April 8, 2008
11:16
Soyuz-FG Ш15000-024 LC-1, Baikonur Success Soyuz TMA-12 Manned flight with 3 Cosmonauts
ISS Expedition 17
First South Korean in space.
April 26, 2008
22:16
Soyuz-FG/Fregat П15000-016 LC-31, Baikonur Success GIOVE-B Navigation satellite
October 12, 2008
07:01
Soyuz-FG Ш15000-026 LC-1/5, Baikonur Success Soyuz TMA-13 Manned flight with 3 Cosmonauts
ISS Expedition 18
March 26, 2009
11:49
Soyuz-FG Ю15000-027 LC-1/5, Baikonur Success Soyuz TMA-14 Manned flight with 3 Cosmonauts
ISS Expedition 19
May 27, 2009
10:34 [2]
Soyuz-FG Ю15000-030 LC-1/5, Baikonur Success Soyuz TMA-15 Manned flight with 3 Cosmonauts
ISS Expedition 20
September 30, 2009
07:14
Soyuz-FG Б15000-029 LC-1/5, Baikonur Success Soyuz TMA-16 Manned flight with 3 Cosmonauts
ISS Expedition 21
December 20, 2009
21:52
Soyuz-FG Б15000-031 LC-1/5, Baikonur Success Soyuz TMA-17 Manned flight with 3 Cosmonauts
ISS Expedition 22
April 2, 2010
04:04
Soyuz-FG Ю15000-028 LC-1/5, Baikonur Success Soyuz TMA-18 Manned flight with 3 cosmonauts
ISS Expedition 23
June 15, 2010
21:35
Soyuz-FG Б15000-032 LC-1/5, Baikonur Success Soyuz TMA-19 Manned flight with 3 cosmonauts
ISS Expedition 24
October 7, 2010
23:10
Soyuz-FG Б15000-035 LC-1/5, Baikonur Success Soyuz TMA-01M Manned flight with 3 cosmonauts
ISS Expedition 25
December 15, 2010
19:09
Soyuz-FG Б15000-034 LC-1/5, Baikonur Success Soyuz TMA-20 Manned flight with 3 cosmonauts
ISS Expedition 26
April 4, 2011
22:18
Soyuz-FG И15000-036 LC-1/5, Baikonur Success Soyuz TMA-21 Manned flight with 3 cosmonauts
ISS Expedition 27
June 7, 2011
20:12
Soyuz-FG И15000-037 LC-1/5, Baikonur Success Soyuz TMA-02M Manned flight with 3 cosmonauts
ISS Expedition 28
November 14, 2011
04:14
Soyuz-FG И15000-038 LC-1/5, Baikonur Success Soyuz TMA-22 Manned flight with 3 cosmonauts
ISS Expedition 29
December 21, 2011
13:16
Soyuz-FG Л15000-039 LC-1/5, Baikonur Success Soyuz TMA-03M Manned flight with 3 cosmonauts
ISS Expedition 30 and Expedition 31
May 15, 2012
03:01
Soyuz-FG Л15000-041 LC-1/5, Baikonur Success Soyuz TMA-04M Manned flight with 3 cosmonauts
ISS Expedition 31 and Expedition 32
July 15, 2012
02:40
Soyuz-FG Л15000-042 LC-1/5, Baikonur Success Soyuz TMA-05M Manned flight with 3 cosmonauts
ISS Expedition 32 and Expedition 33
July 22, 2012
06:41
Soyuz-FG/Fregat Б15000-033 LC-31, Baikonur Success Kanopus V-1
BelKA-2
Zond-PP
TET-1
exactView 1
Earth observation and technology demonstration satellites
October 23, 2012
10:51
Soyuz-FG Л15000-044 LC-31, Baikonur Success Soyuz TMA-06M Manned flight with 3 cosmonauts
ISS Expedition 33 and Expedition 34
December 19, 2012
12:12
Soyuz-FG Л15000-040 LC-1/5, Baikonur Success Soyuz TMA-07M Manned flight with 3 cosmonauts
ISS Expedition 34 and Expedition 35
March 28, 2013
20:43
Soyuz-FG Е15000-043 LC-1/5, Baikonur Success Soyuz TMA-08M Manned flight with 3 cosmonauts
ISS Expedition 35 and Expedition 36
May 28, 2013
20:31
Soyuz-FG Е15000-045 LC-1/5, Baikonur Success Soyuz TMA-09M Manned flight with 3 cosmonauts
ISS Expedition 36 and Expedition 37
September 25, 2013
20:58
Soyuz-FG Е15000-046 LC-1/5, Baikonur Success Soyuz TMA-10M Manned flight with 3 cosmonauts
ISS Expedition 37 and Expedition 38
November 7, 2013
04:14
Soyuz-FG Т15000-048 LC-1/5, Baikonur Success Soyuz TMA-11M Manned flight with 3 cosmonauts
ISS Expedition 38 and Expedition 39
March 25, 2014
21:17
Soyuz-FG Т15000-048 LC-1/5, Baikonur Success Soyuz TMA-12M Manned flight with 3 cosmonauts
ISS Expedition 39
May 28, 2014
19:57
Soyuz-FG Т15000-048 LC-1/5, Baikonur Success Soyuz TMA-13M Manned flight with 3 cosmonauts
ISS Expedition 40

See also[edit]

The Soyuz TMA-13 spacecraft arrives at the launch pad at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan October 10, 2008.

References[edit]

  • McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 28 March 2013. 
  • McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 28 March 2013. 
  1. ^ "Soyuz FG". Encyclopedia Astronautica. 

External links[edit]