Soyuz 10

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This article is about the 1971 mission. For the mission identified by NASA as ISS Soyuz 10, see Soyuz TMA-6.
Soyuz 10
Salyut1 with docked Soyuz spacecraft.jpg
Salyut 1 (left) and Soyuz 10 during a docking attempt.
COSPAR ID 1971-034A[1]
SATCAT № 5172[1]
Mission duration 1 day, 23 hours, 45 minutes, 54 seconds
Orbits completed 32
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type Soyuz 7K-OKS
Manufacturer OKB-1
Launch mass 6,800 kilograms (15,000 lb)
Crew
Crew size 3
Members Vladimir Shatalov
Aleksei Yeliseyev
Nikolai Rukavishnikov
Callsign Гранит (Granit - "Granite")[2]
Start of mission
Launch date 22 April 1971, 23:54:06 (1971-04-22UTC23:54:06Z) UTC
Rocket Soyuz
Launch site Baikonur 1/5[3]
End of mission
Landing date 24 April 1971, 23:40:00 (1971-04-24UTC23:41Z) UTC
Landing site 120 kilometres (75 mi) NW of Karaganda
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee 209 kilometres (130 mi)
Apogee 258 kilometres (160 mi)
Inclination 51.6 degrees
Period 89.1 minutes
Epoch 23 April 1971[1]

Soyuz 10 mission patch.png


Soyuz programme
(Manned missions)
← Soyuz 9 Soyuz 11

Soyuz 10 (Russian: Союз 10, Union 10) was launched on 22 April 1971 as the world's first mission to the world's first space station, the Soviet Salyut 1. The docking was not successful and the crew returned to Earth without having entered the station.[4]

Orbit[edit]

Soyuz 10 was launched on 22 April 1971 to dock with Salyut 1. The spacecraft was the first of the upgraded Soyuz 7K-OKS, featuring the new "probe and drogue" docking mechanism with internal crew transfer capability, intended for space station visits.

Mission[edit]

The cosmonauts Vladimir Shatalov, Aleksei Yeliseyev, and Nikolai Rukavishnikov were able to navigate their Soyuz 10 spacecraft to the Salyut 1 station, yet during docking they ran into problems. While the Soyuz crew was able to achieve "soft dock" with Salyut though the "probe and drogue" docking mechanism, it failed to achieve "hard dock" by securing the docking collar – it was not possible for the crew to enter the station safely.[2]

The mission was aborted, yet the technical problems did not cease and the Soyuz spacecraft had difficulties detaching from the Salyut 1 space station. After finally undocking, one last hitch presented itself when toxic fumes began to fill the capsule during re-entry, causing Rukavishnikov to pass out – all three crew members were recovered unscathed however.

Crew[edit]

Position Cosmonaut
Commander Vladimir Shatalov
Third spaceflight
Flight Engineer Aleksei Yeliseyev
Third spaceflight
Test Engineer Nikolai Rukavishnikov
First spaceflight

Backup crew[edit]

Position Cosmonaut
Commander Alexey Leonov
Flight Engineer Valeri Kubasov
Test Engineer Pyotr Kolodin

Reserve crew[edit]

Position[2] Cosmonaut
Commander Georgi Dobrovolski
Flight Engineer Vladislav Volkov
Test Engineer Viktor Patsayev

See also[edit]

  • Soyuz T-13, a mission to manually dock to the crippled Salyut 7 space station.
  • Soyuz T-15, a mission to ferry equipment from Salyut 7 to Mir, which had to manually maneuver and dock to Mir.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c McDowell, Jonathan. "SATCAT". Jonathan's Space Pages. Retrieved 23 March 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c Mir Hardware Heritage - 1.7.3 (wikisource)
  3. ^ "Baikonur LC1". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  4. ^ The mission report is available here: http://www.spacefacts.de/mission/english/soyuz-10.htm