Soyuz 15

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the 1974 mission. For the mission identified by NASA as ISS Soyuz 15, see Soyuz TMA-11.
Soyuz 15
Mission duration 2 days, 12 minutes, 11 seconds
Orbits completed 32
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type Soyuz 7K-T/A9
Manufacturer NPO Energia
Launch mass 6,760 kilograms (14,900 lb)
Crew
Crew size 2
Members Gennadi Sarafanov
Lev Dyomin
Callsign Дунай (Dunay - "Danube")
Start of mission
Launch date August 26, 1974, 19:58:05 (1974-08-26UTC19:58:05Z) UTC
Rocket Soyuz
Launch site Baikonur 1/5[1]
End of mission
Landing date August 28, 1974, 20:10:16 (1974-08-28UTC20:10:17Z) UTC
Landing site 48 kilometres (30 mi) SW of Tselinograd
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee 173 kilometres (107 mi)
Apogee 236 kilometres (147 mi)
Inclination 51.6 degrees
Period 88.5 minutes

Soyuz programme
(Manned missions)
← Soyuz 14 Soyuz 16

Soyuz 15 (Russian: Союз 15, Union 15) was a 1974 manned space flight which was to have been the second mission to the Soviet Union's Salyut 3 space station with presumably military objectives.[2]

Launched 26 August 1974, the Soyuz spacecraft arrived at the station, but cosmonauts Lev Dyomin and Gennadi Sarafanov were unable to dock because of a fault in the automated docking system. Without sufficient fuel for prolonged attempts at manual docking, the mission had to be abandoned.[3] The crew landed 28 August. Analysis of the launch window was cited by observers for concluding a flight of 19 to 29 days had been planned.[3]

It was later claimed by Soviet authorities that no docking had been intended and that the flight had been undertaken merely to develop techniques for maneuvering near the space station.[2] They also said that a new automatic docking system was tested which would be used on future Progress transport craft.[3]

Crew[edit]

Position Cosmonaut
Commander Gennadi Sarafanov
First spaceflight
Flight Engineer Lev Dyomin
First spaceflight

Backup crew[edit]

Position Cosmonaut
Commander Boris Volynov
Flight Engineer Vitaly Zholobov

Reserve crew[edit]

Position Cosmonaut
Commander Vyacheslav Zudov
Flight Engineer Valery Rozhdestvensky

Mission parameters[edit]

  • Mass: 6,760 kg (14,900 lb)
  • Perigee: 173 km (107 mi)
  • Apogee: 236 km (147 mi)
  • Inclination: 51.6°
  • Period: 88.5 min

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Baikonur LC1". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  2. ^ a b Clark, Phillip (1988). The Soviet Manned Space Program. New York: Orion Books, a division of Crown Publishers, Inc. ISBN 0-517-56954-X. 
  3. ^ a b c Newkirk, Dennis (1990). Almanac of Soviet Manned Space Flight. Houston, Texas: Gulf Publishing Company. ISBN 0-87201-848-2.