Soyuz-A

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Soyuz-A
Soyuz-A drawing.png
Soyuz 7K manned spacecraft concept (1963)
Manufacturer OKB-1
Country of origin  Soviet Union
Applications Carry up to three cosmonauts to lunar orbit.
Specifications
Orbit regimes Low Earth
Medium Earth
Circumlunar
Production
Status Cancelled
Launched None
Related spacecraft
Derivatives Soyuz 7K-OK (first Soyuz generation to fly manned)

Sergei Korolev initially promoted the Soyuz A-B-V circumlunar complex (7K-9K-11K) concept (also known as L1) in which a two-man craft Soyuz 7K would rendezvous with other components (9K and 11K) in Earth orbit to assemble a lunar excursion vehicle, the components being delivered by the proven R-7 rocket. [1][2]

Besides the Soyuz 7K spacecraft, the complex would feature a Soyuz 9K booster and a Soyuz 11K tanker with twin whip antennas.

The 7K would have been equipped with cameras and sensors to study the lunar surface during the flyby, at a distance of 1,000 to 20,000 km from the Moon's surface. Total flight time would have been 7 to 8 days.

Soyuz 7K-9K-11K circumlunar concept. The drawing shows Soyuz 7K (right), Soyuz 9K booster, and Soyuz 11K tanker with twin whip antennas (left)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Soyuz A". astronautix.com. Mark Wade. 2001-10-31. Retrieved 2010-07-16. 
  2. ^ Pike, John. "L-1 Lunar Circumnavigation Mission". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 2009-06-30.