Soyuz T-3

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Soyuz T-3
COSPAR ID 1980-094A[1]
SATCAT № 12077 [1]
Mission duration 12 days, 19 hours, 7 minutes, 42 seconds
Orbits completed 204
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type Soyuz-T
Manufacturer NPO Energia
Launch mass 6,850 kilograms (15,100 lb)
Crew
Crew size 3
Members Leonid Kizim
Oleg Makarov
Gennady Strekalov
Callsign Mayak (Beacon)
Start of mission
Launch date 27 November 1980, 14:18:28 (1980-11-27UTC14:18:28Z) UTC
Rocket Soyuz-U
Launch site Baikonur 1/5
End of mission
Landing date 10 December 1980, 09:26:10 (1980-12-10UTC09:26:11Z) UTC
Landing site 130 kilometres (81 mi) from Dzhezkazgan
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee 200 kilometres (120 mi)
Apogee 251 kilometres (156 mi)
Inclination 51.6 degrees
Period 88.7 minutes
Docking with Salyut 6

USSR stamp Soyuz-T-3 1981 10k.jpg
1981 USSR stamp, depicting Soyuz T-3 spacecraft and crew, from left to right: Oleg Makarov, Leonid Kizim, Gennady Strekalov


Soyuz programme
(Manned missions)
← Soyuz 38 Soyuz T-4

Soyuz T-3 was launched on 27 November 1980, and carried the 15th expedition to the Salyut 6 space station. The Soyuz T-3 spacecraft was the first Soyuz spacecraft since 1971 that carried three cosmonauts.

Crew[edit]

Position Crew
Commander Leonid Kizim
First spaceflight
Flight Engineer Oleg Makarov
Fourth spaceflight
Research Cosmonaut Gennady Strekalov
First spaceflight

Backup crew[edit]

Position Crew
Commander Vasili Lazarev
Flight Engineer Viktor Savinykh
Research Cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov

Mission summary[edit]

Although the main objective of the crew's mission was to refurbish Salyut 6, part of their mission also involved testing their spacecraft. During their brief stay on Salyut 6, the crew performed experiments using the Splav and Kristall units, and studied biological material which had been carried abroad their Soyuz using the Svetoblok and Oazis units. Much of their time, however, was devoted to station maintenance.

On 2 December they began conducting the Mikroklimat experiment to assess the station’s living conditions, and began work on the thermal control system. They installed a new hydraulic unit with four pumps. On 4 December, they replaced electronics in the station's telemetry system. 5 December saw them repairing electrical system faults. Other repairs included replacement of a program and timing device in the onboard control system and replacement of a power supply unit for the compressor in the refueling system. The Salyut 6 Principal Expedition 4 crew in TsUP provided the crew with advice as they made their repairs. On 8 December, Progress 11 carried out an orbital correction for the complex.

Soyuz T-3 returned to Earth on 11 December 1980, landing 130 kilometres (81 mi) west of Dzhezkazgan, Kazakh SSR.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b McDowell, Jonathan. "SATCAT". Jonathan's Space Pages. Retrieved 24 March 2014.