Soyuz T-7

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Soyuz T-7
Mission duration 113 days, 1 hour, 50 minutes, 44 seconds
Orbits completed ~1,825
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type Soyuz-T
Manufacturer NPO Energia
Launch mass 6,850 kilograms (15,100 lb)
Crew
Crew size 3 up
2 down
Launching Leonid Popov
Aleksandr Serebrov
Svetlana Savitskaya
Landing Anatoli Berezovoy
Valentin Lebedev
Callsign Днепр (Dnieper)
Start of mission
Launch date August 19, 1982, 17:11:52 (1982-08-19UTC17:11:52Z) UTC
Rocket Soyuz-U
Launch site Baikonur 1/5
End of mission
Landing date December 10, 1982, 19:02:36 (1982-12-10UTC19:02:37Z) UTC
Landing site (70 kilometres (43 mi) NE of Arkalyk?)
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee 289 kilometres (180 mi)
Apogee 299 kilometres (186 mi)
Inclination 51.6 degrees
Period 90.3 minutes
Docking with Salyut 7

Soyuz programme
(Manned missions)
← Soyuz T-6 Soyuz T-8

Soyuz T-7 (code name Dnieper) was the third Soviet space mission to the Salyut 7 space station. Crew member Svetlana Savitskaya was the first woman in space in almost twenty years, since Valentina Tereshkova who flew in 1963 on Vostok 6.

Savitskaya was given the orbital module of Soyuz T-7 for privacy. The Soyuz T-7 crew delivered experiments and mail from home to the Elbrus crew. On August 21 the five cosmonauts traded seat liners between the Soyuz Ts. The Dniepers undocked in Soyuz T-5, leaving the newer Soyuz T-7 spacecraft for the long-duration crew.

Crew[edit]

Position Launching crew Landing crew
Commander Leonid Popov
Third spaceflight
Anatoli Berezovoy
First spaceflight
Flight Engineer Aleksandr Serebrov
First spaceflight
Valentin Lebedev
Second spaceflight
Research Cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya
First spaceflight
None

Backup crew[edit]

Position Crew
Commander Vladimir Vasyutin
Flight Engineer Viktor Savinykh
Research Cosmonaut Irina Pronina

Mission parameters[edit]

  • Mass: 6,850 kg
  • Perigee: 289 km
  • Apogee: 299 km
  • Inclination: 51.6°
  • Period: 90.3 minutes

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]