|Mission duration||166 days, 6 hours, 58 minutes, 15 seconds|
|Launch mass||7,150 kilograms (15,760 lb)|
|Callsign||Ви́тязь (Vityaz - Knight)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||September 5, 1989, 21:38:03UTC|
|End of mission|
|Landing date||February 19, 1990, 04:36:18UTC|
|Landing site||55 kilometres (34 mi) NE of Arkalyk|
|Perigee||390 kilometres (240 mi)|
|Apogee||392 kilometres (244 mi)|
|Docking with Mir|
Soyuz TM-8 was a spacecraft used to launch and land the crew of the fifth long duration crew to the Soviet Space Station Mir. It was part of the Soyuz-TM series of spacecraft, which were the fourth generation of the Soviet Soyuz. Soyuz TM-8 was the eighth manned spaceflight to Mir, and spent 166 days in orbit.
|Commander|| Alexander Viktorenko
|Flight Engineer|| Aleksandr Serebrov
Launch and Docking
The Soyuz-U2 rocket was painted with advertisements. During the Soyuz spacecraft's final approach to Mir (4 metre distance), the Kurs rendezvous and docking system malfunctioned, so Viktorenko took over manual control and withdrew to 20 metres, and then docked manually. The spacecraft spent 166 days attached to Mir, for the duration of the expedition Mir EO-5.
Return to Earth
Soyuz TM-8 landed at 04:36 UTC on 19 February 1990, after an uneventful flight to Earth.
- Mark Wade. "Mir EO-5". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 6 November 2010.
- The mission report is available here: http://www.spacefacts.de/mission/english/soyuz-TM-8.htm
- Mark Wade. "Mir EP-1". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 6 November 2010.