|Mission name||Soyuz TMA-15
|Call sign||Таймыр (Taymyr) or
Парус (Parus, meaning Sail)
|Launch pad||LC-1/5, Baikonur Cosmodrome|
|Launch date||May 27, 2009
|Landing||December 1, 2009
|From left to right; Thirsk, Romanenko and De Winne|
Soyuz TMA-15 was a manned spaceflight to the International Space Station. Part of the Soyuz programme, it transported three members of the Expedition 20 crew to the space station. TMA-15 was the 102nd manned flight of a Soyuz spacecraft, since Soyuz 1 in 1967. The Soyuz spacecraft remain docked to the space station during Expedition 20 and Expedition 21 as an emergency escape vehicle. The mission marked the start of six-person crew operations on the ISS.
|Flight Engineer 1||Frank De Winne, ESA
|Flight Engineer 2||Robert Thirsk, CSA
Backup crew 
|Flight Engineer 1||André Kuipers, ESA|
|Flight Engineer 2||Chris Hadfield, CSA|
Mission highlights 
Soyuz TMA-15 was launched successfully by a Soyuz-FG carrier rocket from Site 1/5 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, at 10:34 UTC on 27 May 2009. It docked with the ISS at 12:34 UTC on 29 May 2009.
Roman Romanenko was the third second-generation space traveller. He was reported to have chosen Taymyr (Russian: Таймыр) as the mission callsign because it was the callsign on his father's first flight, Soyuz 26; however, the callsign Parus (Russian: Парус meaning Sail) was used for communications with the spacecraft. Robert Thirsk became the first Canadian to fly on a Soyuz; all previous Canadians in space had flown aboard Space Shuttles. Frank De Winne became the first West-European to be in command of the ISS.
The craft and crew returned to earth 1 December 2009.
- NASA TV coverage of the launch of Soyuz TMA-15, 2009-05-27
- CSA (2008). "Canadian astronauts Julie Payette and Robert Thirsk to go on space missions in 2009". CSA. Retrieved February 27, 2008.
- NASA. "Consolidated Launch Manifest". NASA. Retrieved March 28, 2009.
- NASA (Nov. 24, 2009). "NASA TV to Broadcast Space Station Crew Soyuz Landing Events". NASA. Retrieved December 1, 2009.
- NASA (Feb. 11, 2008). "NASA Assigns Crews for STS-127 and Expedition 19 Missions". NASA. Retrieved February 11, 2008.
- ESA (2008). "Frank De Winne prepares for new mission". ESA. Retrieved November 3, 2008.
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