Sozialistische Arbeiter-Zeitung

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sozialistische Arbeiter-Zeitung
Sozialistische Arbeiter-Zeitung (SAZ) header, October 21, 1931 Breslau.png
Header of SAZ, October 21, 1931 issue
Type Daily
Editor-in-chief Max Richard Kleineibst (1931-1932), Walter Fabian (1932)
Founded October 21, 1931 (1931-10-21)
Political alignment Socialism
Language German language
Ceased publication 1933
Headquarters Breslau, Berlin
OCLC number 730049418

Sozialistische Arbeiter-Zeitung ('Socialist Workers Newspaper', abbreviated SAZ) was a daily newspaper published in Germany between 1931 and 1933.[1][2] SAZ was the central organ of the Socialist Workers Party of Germany (SAPD).[2]

Foundation[edit]

The first issue of SAZ was published on October 21, 1931.[2] The decision to launch a daily newspaper for the party had been taken at the founding conference of SAPD.[3] The newspaper initially published from Breslau (present-day Wrocław).[2] During this period it consisted only of 4 pages, and despite of the label 'central organ' it was effectively a local Breslau publication of low quality. It carried the by-line 'Daily Newspaper of the Socialist Workers Party of Germany'.[4] Max Richard Kleineibst was the founding editor-in-chief of SAZ.[5][6] Kleineibst had previously been the editor of the Social Democratic organ in Löbau, Volkszeitung für die Oberlausitz.[4]

Move to Berlin[edit]

On November 1, 1931 the newspaper was moved to Berlin.[4][7][2] During this period the newspaper was published daily (except for Mondays) and contained at least 8 pages.[4] Apart from SAZ SAPD produced a number of a weekly newspapers, Die Fackel ('The Torch', later renamed Sozialistische Wochenzeitung, 'Socialist Weekly' and Kampfsignal, 'Signal of Struggle'), a theoretical magazine Klassenkampf ('Class Struggle') and the weekly Das Volksrecht ('The People's Right').[1][8]

Five-day ban[edit]

On June 25, 1932 a five-day ban on SAZ was issued, for having 'insulted' the president of the Reich.[9]

Shift to Breslau[edit]

Moreover, in late June 1932, following a conflict inside the party, SAZ moved back to Breslau with a new, more leftist, editorial team.[7][10] Kleineibst and Dora Fabian were fired from the editorial team, due to 'right-wing deviation'.[11] Walter Fabian was named as the new editor-in-chief of SAZ.[12] Kleineibst would be named foreign editor of SAZ.[5]

Editors[edit]

Editors of SAZ (in different periods) also included Roland Beutner, Herbert Duckstein, August Enderle, Karl Frank, Paul Frölich, Lehmann, Rodominski, Will Schaber, Heinrich Ströbel and Klaus Zweiling.[4] The young Herbert Frahm (later known as Willy Brandt) wrote articles in SAZ (including sharp criticisms of SPD).[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Cliff, Tony. The Darker the Night the Brighter the Star 1927-1940. London [u.a.]: Bookmarks, 1993. p. 143
  2. ^ a b c d e Rister, Herbert. Schlesische Periodica und Serien: ein Beitrag zu einem Verzeichnis deutscher, polnischer, tschechischer und wendischer (sorbischer) Adreßbücher, Almanache, Berichte, Jahrbücher, Kalender, Schriftenreihen, Schulschriften, Zeitschriften und Zeitungen über Schlesien und seine Grenzgebiete. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1975. p. 1023
  3. ^ Brinson, Charmian. The Strange Case of Dora Fabian and Mathilde Wurm: A Study of German Political Exiles in London During the 1930's. Berne: P. Lang, 1997. p. 118
  4. ^ a b c d e Drechsler, Hanno. Die Sozialistische Arbeiterpartei Deutschlands (SAPD); ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der deutschen Arbeiterbewegung am Ende der Weimarer Republik. Meisenheim am Glan: A. Hain, 1965. p. 171
  5. ^ a b Strauss, Herbert A., Werner Röder, Belinda Rosenblatt, Hannah Caplan, Sybille Claus, and Beatrix Schmidt. Biographisches Handbuch Der Deutschsprachigen Emigration Nach 1933 = International Biographical Dictionary of Central European Emigrés 1933-1945. München: Saur, 1980. pp. 369-370
  6. ^ Osterroth, Franz, and Dieter Schuster. Chronik der deutschen Sozialdemokratie, Vol 1. Berlin: Dietz, 2005. p. 370
  7. ^ a b Kerbs, Diethart. Berlin 1932: das letzte Jahr der ersten deutschen Republik : Politik, Symbole, Medien. Berlin: Ed. Hentrich, 1992. p. 60
  8. ^ Neumann, Sigmund. Die Parteien der Weimarer Republik. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 1968. p. 120
  9. ^ Osterroth, Franz, and Dieter Schuster. Chronik der deutschen Sozialdemokratie, Vol 1. Berlin: Dietz, 2005. p. 388
  10. ^ Gerhardt, Volker. Anfänge der DDR-Philosophie: Ansprüche, Ohnmacht, Scheitern. Berlin: Links, 2001. p. 367
  11. ^ Koszyk, Kurt. Zwischen Kaiserreich und Diktatur; die sozialdemokratische Presse von 1914 bis 1933. Heidelberg: Quelle & Meyer, 1958. p. 249
  12. ^ Donat, Helmut, and Karl Holl. Die Friedensbewegung: organisierter Pazifismus in Deutschland, Österreich und in der Schweiz. Düsseldorf: Econ Taschenbuch Verlag, 1983. p. 106
  13. ^ Koch, Peter, and Klaus Körner. Willy Brandt: eine politische Biographie. Berlin: Ullstein, 1988. p. 64