Spézet

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Spézet
Speied
Spézet is located in France
Spézet
Spézet
Coordinates: 48°11′34″N 3°42′55″W / 48.1928°N 3.7153°W / 48.1928; -3.7153Coordinates: 48°11′34″N 3°42′55″W / 48.1928°N 3.7153°W / 48.1928; -3.7153
Country France
Region Brittany
Department Finistère
Arrondissement Châteaulin
Canton Carhaix-Plouguer
Intercommunality Haute Cornouaille
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Gilbert Nigen
Area1 60.67 km2 (23.42 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 1,844
 • Density 30/km2 (79/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 29278 / 29540
Elevation 45–315 m (148–1,033 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Spézet (Breton: Speied) is a commune in the Finistère department of Brittany in north-western France.

Geography[edit]

Spezet is a rural municipality in east central Finistère, historically belonging to Cornwall. It is bounded on the west and north by the river the Aulne and Hyères describing large meanders (Nantes-Brest Canal-channel) while at the southeast end of its territory lies Roc'h Toullaëron, which from its height of 318 m is the culmination of the Black Mountains. The village occupies a small hill whose altitude is around 100 meters northwest of the town. The neighboring towns are named St. Hernin (east), Gourin (southeast), Roudouallec (south), St. Goazec (southwest), Chateauneuf-du-Faou (west), Plonévez-du-Faou (northeast) Landeleau and west and north Cléden-Poher.

History[edit]

During the Revolt of the Bonnets Rouges ("Red Caps") in 1675, the parishioners involved in the ransacking of the Kergoet castle in Saint-Hernin, owned by the Marquis Le Moyne de Trevigny. The parish is to pay 5000 livres as damages and repairs to the said Marquis for the injury. Four residents of the parish were excluded from the amnesty of 1676.

In 1770, according to Jean-Baptiste Ogée, the parish lands were uncultivated in many parts, especially in the mountains where the soil, poor quality, did not allow residents to take advantage of it. The land was actually good in the north of the parish.

In September and October 1779, an outbreak of dysentery caused about 150 victims in Spézet. Bodies had to be buried without entering the church for fear of contagion, under penalty of a fine of 20 livres.

June 24, 1944, ten resistants arrested in Spézet were shot in Lanvénégen after being sentenced to death by the German military court sitting in Le Faouët.

Population[edit]

Inhabitants of Spézet are called in French Spézetois.

Historical population of Spézet
Year 1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851 1856
Population 2531 2559 2703 2987 2631 2793 2797 2782 2958 2933
Year 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896 1901 1906
Population 2922 2990 2735 2960 2987 3060 3166 3590 3701 3899
Year 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954 1962 1968 1975
Population 4095 3997 3913 3736 3662 3345 2871 2555 2299 2165
Year 1982 1990 1999 2008
Population 2076 2038 1861 1844

Sights and monuments[edit]

  • Jardin botanique des Montagnes Noires
  • Manoir de Menez Kamm (où vécut la journaliste et aventurière Vefa de Saint Pierre) ;
  • Manoir du Bois Garin ;
  • Église paroissiale Saint-Pierre-et-Saint-Paul, consacrée en 17198 et son ossuaire ;
  • Chapelle du Krann (vitraux du XVIe siècle et bas-reliefs) et son ossuaire ;
  • Panorama du roc de Toull al Laëron ;
  • Éperon rocheux de Kudel ;
  • Alignement des menhirs du "Bois du Duc" ;
  • Allée couverte de Kerbasquet

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]