Founded as Sportverein Erkenschwick in 1916, they joined Emscher-Lippe-Spielverband to form Sportfreunde Erkenschwick in 1918, which in then merged with Turn- und Leichtathletikverein TV Erkenschwick in 1921 to form the sports club still known today as TuS 09 Erkenschwick. The football side separated from this club and joined the footballers from Blau-Weiss Oer to form SpVgg Erkenschwick.
The side was competitive from 1943 through to 1953, playing top-flight football in the Gauliga Westfalen until the end of World War II and in the Oberliga West (I) immediately after the war.
Through the 70s, 80s, and 90s, Erkenschwick played as a third division side with just three seasons spent in the 2. Bundesliga (1974–75, 1975–76, and 1980–81). At the turn of the century they slipped to fourth and fifth level competition, and currently play in Oberliga Westfalen (V).