Spa Valley Railway
|Spa Valley Railway|
|Original gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
|Length||5.5 mi (8.9 km)|
|Preserved gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
|December 1996||Re-open first 0.6mls (1km)from Tunbridge Wells West|
|August 1997||Open to Groombridge|
|2005||line to Birchden Jn open for special services|
|25 March 2011||Open to Eridge|
|Headquarters||Tunbridge Wells West railway station|
|Spa Valley Railway|
The Spa Valley Railway (SVR) is a standard gauge heritage railway that runs from Tunbridge Wells West railway station in Tunbridge Wells to High Rocks, Groombridge, and Eridge, where it links with the Oxted Line. En route it crosses the Kent and East Sussex border, a distance of 5 miles (8 km), along the former Three Bridges to Tunbridge Wells Central Line / Cuckoo Line. The railway headquarters is at Tunbridge Wells West railway station.
The railway was engineered by the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway's (LB&SCR) Chief Engineer Frederick Banister, as part of the East Grinstead, Groombridge and Tunbridge Wells Railway (EGGTWR), itself an extension to the Three Bridges to East Grinstead Railway which had been completed in 1855.
|“||The LBSC was becoming concerned at threatened incursions by the [SER] on its territory. So a battle was on. Tunbridge Wells was first reached from East Grinstead in 1866 via Groombridge. Two years later, with the South Eastern Railway (SER) looking towards Lewes, the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway countered with a line from Groombridge to Uckfield.||”|
The LB&SCR opened Tunbridge Wells West in 1866 as the eastern terminus of the EGGTWR; there was also an extension to Tunbridge Wells Central. From Tunbridge Wells West there were direct services to the South Coast at Brighton and Eastbourne and to London Victoria. The Victoria services ran via Groombridge and Ashurst. As a sign outside the station proudly proclaimed, "New Route to London: Shortest, Quickest and Most Direct. Frequent Express Trains."
As the popularity of the motor car increased, train services were severely cut back due to the lack of patronage, and the number of services passing through Tunbridge Wells West declined as one line after another was closed from the 1950s onwards. First, the East Grinstead to Lewes line closed in 1958, then the Cuckoo Line in 1965, the Three Bridges to Groombridge in 1967, and finally the Wealden Line south of Uckfield in 1969. The line between Tunbridge Wells and Eridge was itself listed for closure in 1966, only to be subsequently reprieved. The line remained open, although in its latter years passenger services were mainly confined to a shuttle service between Tonbridge (via the single line connection to Tunbridge Wells Central - now plain Tunbridge Wells) and Eridge with a few through trains to Uckfield; however there was a depot at Tunbridge Wells West which housed rolling stock for services on the Uckfield and East Grinstead - London (via East Croydon) lines, and there were several empty stock moves early and late in the day.
Following a lack of investment for decades (since Beeching, spending on anything other than essential repairs was non-existent), by the early 1980s the track and signalling needed to be replaced. British Rail, at the time carrying out an upgrade of the Tonbridge to Hastings Line which included the renewal of Grove Junction, decided that the cost of keeping the line from Eridge to Grove Jn open and undertaking the works, some £175,000, did not justify the outlay. It therefore announced the proposed closure of the line (including Groombridge and Tunbridge Wells West station) from 16 May 1983 which was later deferred after public objections. The Secretary of State for Transport agreed to the withdrawal of passenger services which took effect from 6 July 1985, although the section between Tunbridge Wells West and Birchden Jn remained open for rolling stock movements until 10 August, when the depot at Tunbridge Wells West station was shut. At the time of closure Tunbridge Wells West station had gas lighting, which was in operation in the ticket office and under the canopy.
The Spa Valley Railway (SVR) has its origins in a charitable society formed on 13 September 1985, to purchase and reopen the Tunbridge Wells West to Eridge line. Named the Tunbridge Wells and Eridge Railway Preservation Society (TWERPS), it began a long struggle to reopen the line. The campaign received a setback in the late 1980s when Tunbridge Wells Borough Council gave planning permission for the construction of a large Sainsburys supermarket complex on the site of the derelict goods yard of Tunbridge Wells West. While the 1891 locomotive shed and station building were protected as listed buildings, the remaining area of the site was obliterated, including the goods shed and signal boxes. However, planning permission was subject to the condition that the developer pay for construction of a new station platform and restoration of the engine shed.
In 1996 the North Downs Steam Railway relocated from Dartford, where it was experiencing vandalism problems, and merged with TWERPS. It transferred its assets and helped establish a base in the former LB&SCR locomotive shed. Also in 1996, the group acquired the line as far as Birchden Junction. Alongside the loco shed a new platform was built, from where services began running to Cold Bath Bridge (about 0.75 mile away) in December 1996. Services were extended to Groombridge in August 1997 and to Birchden Junction in 2005.
In 2007, SVR marked the tenth anniversary of the opening of the line by transforming Groombridge into a busy interchange station, with trains arriving or departing every 15 minutes. The funds raised from this event went towards the "Return to Eridge" appeal to raise £500,000 for the extension to the Uckfield main line at Eridge. The heritage railway finally re-opened the line to Eridge on 25 March 2011
The SVR provides a way of getting to other local tourist attractions, such as Groombridge Place, High Rocks and the Pantiles in Tunbridge Wells. On 25 March 2011 the SVR extended passenger services to Eridge, where there is a footbridge interchange with Southern services on the London Bridge to Uckfield line.
Sutton (originally Whitechapel)
|650, B650, 2650, W10, 515S, 32650||LB&SCR||A1X (Terrier)||Brighton Works||1876||0-6-0T||Under overhaul (2011-08-15)|
|47493||16576, 7493||LMS||3F "Jinty"||Vulcan Foundry||4195||1927||0-6-0T||Under overhaul (2014-01-09)|
|68077||8077, 14||LNER||J94||Andrew Barclay||2215||1947||0-6-0ST||Under overhaul (2006-09-06)|
|South of Scotland Electricity Board, Braehead Power Station||Andrew Barclay||2315||1951||0-4-0ST||Under overhaul (2009-9-28)|
|Fonmon||Rhoose Cement Works, Aberthaw & Bristol Channel Portland Cement Co Ltd||Peckett||1636||1924||0-6-0ST||Awaiting major overhaul (2009-09-28)|
|Stewarts & Lloyds Ltd, Corby||Ugly||RSH||7668||1950||0-6-0ST||Stored (2008-01-22)|
|Ugly||62||Stewarts & Lloyds Ltd, Corby||Ugly||RSH||7673||1950||0-6-0ST||Operational (2014-04-21)|
|North Downs No. 3||Hams Hall Power Station, Central Electricity Generating Board||RSH||7846||1955||0-6-0T||Under overhaul (2002-09-12)|
|West Cannock Colliery||Bagnall||2193||1922||0-6-0ST||Awaiting overhaul (2002-09-12)|
|BR||0-6-0DE||10||No. D3489 Colonel Tomline|
|BR||0-6-0DE||12||No. 15224 (Only surviving member)|
|BR||A1A-A1A||31||No. 31 206 (Visiting from the Rushden, Higham and Wellingborough Railway)|
|BR||Bo-Bo||33||No. 33 063 R J Mitchell|
|BR||Bo-Bo||33||No. 33 065 Sealion BR Blue. Built in 1962. (Under overhaul)|
|BR||Co-Co||37||No. 37 254 "Driver Robin Prince MBE" |
|BR||Bo-Bo||73||No. E6047 (Tops 73140) Br blue. Built in 1966.|
Diesel Multiple Units
|BR||101||DTC no. 54408|
|BR||207||Unit no. 1317 (207 017) (Only three-car unit in preservation)|
Electric Multiple Units
|Metropolitan Railway||T Stock||Unit 2749 + 2758|
|BR||420||Buffet Coach no. S69306|
- Oppitz, Leslie (2003). Lost Railways of Kent. Newbury, Berkshire: Countryside Books. p. 69. ISBN 978-1-85306-803-4.
- Oppitz, Leslie (2001). Lost Railways of Sussex. Newbury, Berkshire: Countryside Books. p. 74. ISBN 978-1-85306-697-9.
- "Replay: 27 December 1966 - 12 stations to be closed". The Independent. 27 December 1966.
- Hughes, Stephen (March 1984). "'Brighton' Frontier: Requiem?". Railway Magazine 130 (995): 89.
- Subterranea Britannica
- Kent Rail, Spa Valley Railway
- Kent and Sussex Courier, "Full steam ahead for anniversary", 14 September 2007, p. 21
- Dives, M (15 August 2011). "LB&SCR A1X Terrier No. 32650 Sutton". Spa Valley Railway Website. Spa Valley Railway. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
- Dives, M (19 January 2011). "LMS 'Jinty' No. 47493". Spa Valley Railway Website. Spa Valley Railway. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
- Dives, M (6 September 2006). "LNER J94 No. 68077". Spa Valley Railway Website. Spa Valley Railway. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
- Dives, M (28 September 2009). "Lady Ingrid". Spa Valley Railway Website. Spa Valley Railway. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
- Dives, M (28 September 2009). "Fonmon". Spa Valley Railway Website. Spa Valley Railway. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
- Dives, M (22 January 2008). "RSH Ugly Class No. 57 'Samson'". Spa Valley Railway Website. Spa Valley Railway. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
- Dives, M (11 November 2011). "RSH Ugly Class No. 62 'Ugly'". Spa Valley Railway Website. Spa Valley Railway. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
- Dives, M (12 September 2002). "North Downs". Spa Valley Railway Website. Spa Valley Railway. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
- Dives, M (12 September 2002). "Topham". Spa Valley Railway Website. Spa Valley Railway. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
- "Summer Diesel Gala". Spa Valley Railway. Retrieved 30 July 2011.
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