A spa town (also called a bathing-place or simply a spa) is a specialized resort town situated around a mineral spa (a developed mineral spring). Patrons visited spas to "take the waters" for their purported health benefits. The word comes from the Belgian town Spa. In continental Europe a spa was known as a ville d'eau (town of water).
Most of the mineral springs in Australia are in the Central Highlands of Victoria, although there are a few springs in South Australia, New South Wales and Queensland. Most are within 30 km of Daylesford, Victoria: the Daylesford and Hepburn Springs call themselves the 'Spa Centre of Australia'.
Bosnia and Hercegovina 
Banja Vrućica, Teslić
Bulgaria is known for its over 500 mineral springs including the hottest spring in the Balkans in Sapareva Banya - 103°C. Other famous spa towns include Sandanski, Hisarya, Bankya, Devin, Kyustendil, Varshets, Velingard.
In Bulgarian language the word for a spa is баня (transliterated banya).
Harrison Hot Springs is one of the oldest among 18 in British Columbia, along with 2 in Alberta and one in Ontario.
Czech Republic 
In France, the words bains, thermes, and eaux in city names often imply a spa town. There are more than 50 spa towns in France, including Vichy, Aix-les-Bains, Bagnoles-de-l'Orne, Dax, and Enghien-les-Bains among the best known.
In Hungary, the word fürdő or the more archaic füred ("bath"), fürdőváros ("spa town") or fürdőhely ("bathing place") implies a spa town. Hungary is rich in thermal waters with health benefits, and many spa towns are popular tourist destinations. Budapest has several spas, including Turkish style spas dating back to the 16th century. Eger also has a Turkish spa. Other famous spas include the ones at Hévíz, Bük, Hajdúszoboszló, Bogács, Bükkszék, the Cave Bath at Miskolctapolca and the Zsóry-fürdő at Mezőkövesd.
In Italy spa towns, called terme (from Latin thermae), are very numerous all over the country because of the intense geological activity of the territory. These places were knewn and used since the Roman age.
Portugal is well known by famous spa towns throughout of the country.
Due to its high quality as well as the landscape where are located, the most important ones are:
- Caldas de Monchique
- Pedras Salgadas
- Caldas da Felgueira located in Viseu District, and 5km from Nelas town.
In Serbia, the word Banja implies a spa town.
Spa towns in Slovenia include Rogaška Slatina, Radenci, Čatež ob Savi, Dobrna, and Moravske Toplice. They offer accommodation in hotels, apartments, bungalows, and camp sites. The words terme or toplice in Slovenian language imply a spa town.
New Zealand 
United Kingdom 
Some but not all British spa towns contain "Spa", "Wells", or "Bath" in their names, e.g., Matlock Bath. Some towns are designated Spa Heritage Towns. Two out of three of the English towns granted the title "Royal", Royal Leamington Spa and Royal Tunbridge Wells, are spa towns.
United States 
- Bath (Berkeley Springs), West Virginia
- Hot Springs, North Carolina
- Desert Hot Springs, California
- Hot Springs, Arkansas
- Mount Clemens, Michigan
- Saratoga Springs, New York
- Truth or Consequences, New Mexico
- West Baden Springs, Indiana
Other countries 
See: List of spa towns
- in the Arab world - Hammam
- in Australia
- in Belgium -
- in Bulgaria - Bani
- in Chile - Termas
- in Croatia - Toplice
- in Cyprus - Loutra-Therma
- in the Czech Republic - Lázně
- in Ethiopia - Filwoha
- in France - Bains, thermes
- in Georgia -
- in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland - Bad, the first part of the names of most spa towns, a cognate to the English "bath" while "Therme" is used for the spa itself.
- in Greece - Loutra-Therma
- in Hungary - fürdő or -füred
- in Italy - Terme
- in Iran - "Cheshme Ab-e-Garm" or "Cheshme Ab-e-Madani"
- in Jamaica -
- in Japan - Onsen
- in Korea - 온천 or 사우나
- in Lithuania - Druskininkai
- in Malaysia - Poring
- in Mexico- Termas or Balneario
- in New Zealand - Rotorua
- in Peru - Cuzco, Cajamarca
- in Poland - Krynica-Zdrój
- in Portugal - Caldas or Termas
- in Russia - Минеральные воды or Лечебные воды
- in Romania - Băile
- in Slovakia - Liečebné kúpele
- in Serbia - Banja
- in Spain - Termas or Balneario
- in Turkey - Termal or Kaplica
- in Ukraine
See also 
- Bukovička Banja
- Resort architecture
- Spa architecture
- Spa resort
- Hot spring
- Mineral water
- "Healing Waters; Investigative Files (Skeptical Briefs June 2005)". Archived from the original on 2007-10-24. Retrieved 2008-02-03.
- http://www.mineralwater.vic.gov.au/quicksite/?id=tourism#activities Victorian Mineral Water Committee Tourism information
- "Reservoir Capital Corp.: 20MW Potential Estimated for the Vranjska Banja Geothermal Project". Retrieved 3 February 2012.
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- "Wallonia spas: Step into Belgium's impressive springs - Europe, Travel - Independent.co.uk". The Independent (London). 2007-05-05. Retrieved 2008-02-03.