Cobra (manga)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Space Adventure Cobra)
Jump to: navigation, search
Cobra
Cobra tankou vol 1.jpg
Cover of first Japanese volume of Cobra, published by Shueisha on August 15, 1979
コブラ
(Kobura)
Genre Space opera, action
Manga
Written by Buichi Terasawa
Published by Shueisha
English publisher
Demographic Shōnen
Magazine Weekly Shōnen Jump
Original run November 6, 1978November 12, 1984
Volumes 18
Anime film
Space Adventure Cobra
Directed by Osamu Dezaki
Produced by Tatsuo Ikeuchi
Written by Buichi Terasawa
Haruya Yamazaki
Music by Osamu Shōji
Studio TMS Entertainment
Licensed by
Tara (cinema)
Urban Vision (VHS; expired)
Discotek Media (DVD)
Manga Entertainment
Released July 23, 1982
Runtime 99 minutes
Anime television series
Space Cobra
Directed by Osamu Dezaki
Music by Kentarō Haneda
Studio TMS Entertainment
Licensed by
Network Fuji TV
Original run October 7, 1982May 19, 1983
Episodes 31 (List of episodes)
Original video animation
Cobra the Animation: The Psychogun
Directed by Buichi Terasawa
Written by Buichi Terasawa
Music by Yoshihiro Ike
Studio Magic Bus
Released August 29, 2008February 27, 2009
Episodes 4 (List of episodes)
Original video animation
Cobra the Animation: Time Drive
Directed by Kenichi Maejima
Music by Yoshihiro Ike
Studio Magic Bus
Released April 24, 2009
Runtime June 26, 2009
Episodes 2 (List of episodes)
Anime television series
Cobra the Animation: Rokunin no Yuushi
Directed by Keizo Shimizu
Music by Yoshihiro Ike
Studio Magic Bus
Network BS11
Original run January 2, 2010March 27, 2010
Episodes 13 (List of episodes)
Portal icon Anime and Manga portal

Cobra (Japanese: コブラ Hepburn: Kobura?) is a Japanese manga comic series written and illustrated by Buichi Terasawa. Set in the far future, the series tells the story of Cobra, who lives an adventurous life until his enemies begin to hunt him down. Cobra surgically alter his face and erase his own memory to hide from his foes and have a normal life. Eventually, he regains his memories and reunites with his former partner Lady Armaroid. Cobra travels the galaxy, fighting the outlaw Pirate Guild and fleeing the law-enforcing Milky Way Patrol. Cobra survives using his charm, wit and his Psychogun—a weapon embedded in his left arm.

The manga was originally serialized in Shueisha's Weekly Shōnen Jump from November 1978 to November 1984. Later, Shueisha collected the chapters and published them in 18 tankōbon volumes. The Cobra manga spawned various sequel manga series, one-shots, a feature-length anime film, two anime series—a 31-episode series in 1982, and a 13-episode series in 2010—, two original video animations (OVAs), audio albums, video games, and other merchandise. In 2010, Alexandre Aja announced that a live-action film was in production.

In the United States, portions of the manga were published by Viz Media in 1990. The feature film was licensed by Tara for its release in American theaters in 1995. Urban Vision released it on home video in the United States in 1998 and Discotek Media re-released it there in 2012. In 1995, Manga Entertainment released the film in British theaters, and re-released it on DVD in 2008. Madman Entertainment acquired it for the Australasian region's release in 2007. The anime series was licensed in the Northern American region by Nozomi Entertainment for release in 2014.

In Japan, the Cobra manga has sold 30 million copies, making it one of Weekly Shōnen Jump's best-selling manga series of all time. Publications for manga, anime and other media have comparing the series to Star Wars and Barbarella, and the main character's attitude to James Bond. Its film adaptation received mixed reviews and Cobra the Animation has been well received by the public and by anime reviewers.

Plot[edit]

In the far future, an office worker named Johnson leads a dull and mundane life. One Sunday morning, his robotic servant Ben suggests that he goes to the Trip Movie Corporation—a company that enables its customers to experience a dream as though it was reality. Johnson asks to be a king of a harem, to be surrounded by beautiful women, and to command a battlestar.

In his dream, Johnson becomes "Cobra", an adventurer who explores space with his android partner Lady Armaroid. Cobra wields the Psychogun to fight monsters and the Pirate Guild. After a battle with the Guild, Cobra allows its leader Captain Vaiken to escape. Vaiken distributes Cobra's picture to other pirates, making him a wanted man. After the dream ends, Johnson describes the fantasy to an attendant, who is surprised because Johnson's dream should have been about being the king of a harem—with no reference to pirates or to Cobra.

On his way back home, Johnson crashes into a speeding car, whose driver looks like Captain Vaiken. When Johnson mentions the resemblance, the driver reveals himself as Vaiken. He asks Johnson about "Cobra" and threatens to kill Johnson if he does not answer. Johnson unconsciously lifts his arm and a ray shoots out of his hand, killing Vaiken. The shot explodes Johnson's arm, revealing the Psychogun embedded in it.

Johnson rushes home, where Ben notices the weapon on his arm. Johnson then realizes that he remembers nothing from before the last three years. After looking into a mirror, he finds a knob and turns it to reveal a secret room. There, he finds the revolver which he used in his dream. At that moment, armed intruders break into the house and address him as "Cobra". A battle ensues and Ben's robot shell breaks to reveal Lady Armaroid, and together they kill the intruders.

Johnson starts to remember his previous existence as Cobra. Hunted by the Pirate Guild for meddling in their criminal enterprises, and tired of life on the run, Cobra surgically altered his face and had his memories erased. Lady Armaroid tells Cobra that the Trip Movie has triggered his subconscious to regain access to the memories of his former life. Cobra and Lady Armadroid resume their adventurous life together.

Characters[edit]

  • Cobra (コブラ?) is the main protagonist and eponymous character of the series. Cobra's signature weapon is the Psycho-gun, a cybernetic arm-laser which connects directly to his brain. The Psychogun can target putative enemies without having a line-of-sight. Using the Psychogun drains Cobra's mental energy, but his superhuman stamina compensates for it. He also carries a Python 77 Magnum revolver as a backup weapon.[1] Cobra was voiced by Shigeru Matsuzaki in the film adaptation, by Nachi Nozawa in the first anime, and by Naoya Uchida in Cobra the Animation.[2][3][4] Dan Woren voiced him in the Urban Vision release, while John Guerrasio voiced him in Manga Entertainment version.[5][6]
  • Lady Armaroid (アーマロイド・レディ Āmaroido Redi?, originally "Armaroid Lady") is Cobra's long-time partner and is the serious half of the duo. She and Cobra share a deep, unspoken trust; in times of need they always help each other. Lady is a top-class Armaroid—a mechanical cyborg—derived from advanced technology recovered from an ancient, lost civilization on Mars. She possesses superhuman strength but does not carry a weapon and is rarely involved in physical combat. When Cobra is away on an adventure, Lady supports Cobra by piloting their spaceship, the Tortuga.[1] In the Manga Entertainment dub, Lady Armaroid is renamed Andromeda.[7] Yoshiko Sakakibara voiced Lady in the film, in the first anime, and in Cobra the Animation.[2][3][4] In the Urban Vision release, Joan-Carol O'Connell voiced her, and she was voiced by Tamsin Hollo in the Manga Entertainment dubbing.[5][6]
  • Jane Royal (ジェーン・ロイヤル Jēn Roiyaru?) is the first of the triplet daughters of Captain Nelson that Cobra meets. Each sister has a unique tattoo on her back which, once assembled in a chromatic sequence, form a map leading to hidden gold, diamonds, and the fabled Ultimate Weapon.[1] In the Manga Entertainment dub, Jane Royal is renamed Jane Flower.[7] Jane was voiced by Akiko Nakamura in the film, and by Toshiko Fujita in the first anime.[2][3] Barbara Goodson voiced her in the Urban Vision release, while Lorelei King voiced her in the Manga Entertainment version.[5][6]
  • Catherine Royal (キャサリン・ロイヤル Kyasarin Roiyaru?) is the second of the triplets whom Cobra meets after Jane asks him to rescue Catherine from the Sidoh Penitentiary. Catherine is a timid school teacher, and is the only sister who is not involved in a violent occupation.[1] In the Manga Entertainment dub, Catherine Royal is renamed Catherine Flower.[7] She is voiced by Toshiko Fujita in the film, and by Yuko Sasaki in the first anime.[2][3][4] In the Urban Vision release, Mari Devon voiced her, while she was voiced by Lorelei King in the Manga Entertainment dubbing.[5][6]
  • Dominique Royal (ドミニク・ロイヤル Dominiku Roiyaru?) serves as an officer in the Milky Way patrol. Dominique possesses great strength and co-operates well with Cobra, often looking the other way when her professional duties would require her to arrest him. She hires him to resolve an unpleasant matter of drug trafficking involving the Rugball Federation at the Rand Stadium.[1] In the Manga Entertainment dub, Dominique Royal is renamed Dominique Flower.[7] Dominique was voiced by Jun Fubuki in the film, and by Gara Takashima in the first anime.[2][3] Wendee Lee voiced her in the Urban Vision release, while Lorelei King voiced her in Manga Entertainment version.[5][6]
  • Crystal Boy (クリスタル・ボーイ Kurisutaru Bōi?, originally "Crystal Bowie"[note 1]) is Cobra's arch-enemy who regards Cobra as the only man worthy of becoming his adversary. Crystal Boy is a humanoid cyborg with a golden skeleton and a body made from indestructible, polarizing glass. He works for the mysterious "Guild" led by Lord Salamander. Crystal Boy's signature weapon is a claw which he can attach to his right hand. The claw can crush anything, and he also uses it for slitting his victims' throats. The claw has a built-in laser gun which can also be used as a grappling hook or fired as a projectile.[1] In the Manga Entertainment dub, Crystal Boy is renamed Lord Necron.[6] Gorō Mutsumi voiced Catherine in the film, and by Kiyoshi Kobayashi in the two anime adaptations.[2][3][4] In the Urban Vision release, Jeff Winkless voiced him, while he was voiced by David McAlister in the Manga Entertainment dubbing.[5][6]
  • Sandra (サンドラ Sandora?) first serves as the ruthless and cold-hearted leader of the Snow Gorillas—the local branch of the Pirates Guild on her home planet. Later, Sandra hounds Cobra and tracks him to the planet on which the Ultimate Weapon is hidden. Sandra was originally ordered to retrieve the Weapon and hand it over to the emissaries of the Guild, but she uses it for her own ends and turns against the Guild until Cobra stops her.[1] In the Manga Entertainment dub, Sandra is renamed Nadia.[7] Sandra was voiced by Reiko Tajima in the film and in the first anime.[2][3] Catherine Battistone voiced her in the Urban Vision release, while Lesley Martin voiced her in Manga Entertainment version.[5][6]
  • Lord Salamander (ロード・サラマンダー Rōdo Saramandā?) is a mysterious, deep-voiced man dressed in samurai armor. After he unites the Pirates' Guild under his command, Salamander's unquenched ambitions lead him to seek absolute control over the galaxy. Lord Salamander rarely appears in person, but demonstrates a powerful telekinetic ability when he does. He can also teleport, incinerate an enemy by will alone and make his enemies think they see someone else. He uses this trick and his other powers to dispose of Doug, Pumpkin and Bud. In the final episode, he is revealed as the spirit of Adolf Hitler, which was revived 3000 years after his defeat.[9] Lord Salamander is an anime-original character, and he was voiced by Hidekatsu Shibata.[10]

Development[edit]

Cobra is Buichi Terasawa's debut manga series. Previously he had written and illustrated between twenty and thirty science-fiction shōjo (targeted towards girls) short stories for manga contests held by manga magazines, with one of them earning an honorable mention. Terasawa created Cobra by combining the spaghetti western sub-genre and stories featuring a "wandering swordman".[11] The Psychogun was created before the titular character, and Terasawa wanted to create a hero who would be able to carry a concealed weapon.[12] According to Terasawa, his concept of a hero has been greatly influenced by "spaghetti westerns with a James Bond-type spin to them."[11] He also drew inspiration from the French actor Jean-Paul Belmondo.[12] In general, Terasawa has been influenced by films, including the James Bond film series, Akira Kurosawa's films, and Disney films prior to The Little Mermaid (1989). For example, Jane Fonda's performance in the cult science-fiction film Barbarella (1968) served as a direct model for his character Jane, whose hairstyle was also inspired by Princess Aurora's in the Disney animated film Sleeping Beauty (1959). For his storytelling, panal layout, and narrative pacing in general, he draws influence from manga artist Osamu Tezuka, who mentored him.[11]

Media[edit]

Manga[edit]

Written and illustrated by Buichi Terasawa, Cobra was first published in 1977 in Shueisha's Japanese shōnen manga magazine Weekly Shōnen Jump as a one-shot edition.[13] It was later serialized, running from the November 6, 1978 issue to the November 12, 1984 issue of Weekly Shōnen Jump,[14][15] and released under the magazine's Jump Comics line in eighteen tankōbon volumes between August 15, 1979 and August 15, 1985.[16][17] Cobra was re-published from February 10, 1988 to November 10, 1998 in a ten-volume aizōban edition under Jump Comics Deluxe entitled Space Adventure Cobra.[18][19] The manga series was only partially released in the United States by Viz Communications in 1990 in a series of twelve books.[20] This English-language publication covered the origin story and the Royal Sisters' saga, with dialogue adapted by the American comic book writer Marv Wolfman and published under Viz Communications' Viz Select Comics line.[9] The complete manga was published in several other countries. In France, the manga was first published by Dynamic Visions in 1998,[21] and later reprinted by Taifu Comics.[22] The manga was also published in Italy by Play Press,[23] in Taiwan by Tong Li, in Hong Kong by Culturecom, and in Thailand by Vibulkij.[21]

Shueisha released Cobra in kanzenban form with the title Space Adventure Cobra: Handy Edition—which included volumes one through ten—from October 19, 2001 to February 4, 2002.[24][25] Shueisha later created three kanzenban magazine series based on the Cobra manga under their Shueisha Jump Remix line. Irezumi no Onna Hen,[Jp 1], which spanned two volumes, was published on October 7, 2002, and on October 21, 2002; Rugball Hen[Jp 2], which spanned two volumes, was published on November 2, 2002, and on November 18, 2002; and Shido no Megami Hen[Jp 3], which spanned three volumes, was published from June 9, 2003 to July 7, 2003.[26] Media Factory also published Cobra in a kanzenban edition; it was simply called Cobra Kanzenban[Jp 4], and spawned twelve volumes released between August 23, 2005, and June 23, 2006.[27][28] Cobra was also sold as an e-book, Space Adventure Cobra: Galaxy Knights[Jp 5] for a limited time.[16]

Sequels[edit]

The seinen manga magazine Super Jump published several Cobra sequel series. The first was titled Cobra: Seinaru Kishi Densetsu,[Jp 6], which was serialized in 1986 in a special issue of Weekly Shōnen Jump. It was then published in a single tankōbon by Shueisha in 1988 under the magazine's Jump Comics Deluxe line.[16] Space Adventure Cobra: The Psychogun,[Jp 7] a fully colored "computer graphics" manga, was serialized in Super Jump in 1995.[16] A "computer graphics" sequel called Space Adventure Cobra: Magic Doll[Jp 8] was serialized in Super Jump from 2000 to 2002.[16][29] Along with several other series serialized in Super Jump, they were published from 1995 to 2002 in Jump Comics Deluxe under the title Space Adventure Cobra.[16]

Space Adventure Cobra: Magic Doll was re-serialized in the Monthly Comic Flapper magazine by Media Factory, and was published under its MF Comics line as Cobra the Space Pirate: Magic Doll Zenpen[Jp 9] and Cobra the Space Pirate: Magic Doll Kōhen[Jp 10] on February 23, 2006, and September 22, 2006, respectively.[30][31] In addition, Media Factory published six Cobra one-shots; the first one, Cobra the Space Pirate: Kokuryū Ō[Jp 11], on March 23, 2006, and the last one, Cobra the Space Pirate: Time Drive[Jp 12], on April 23, 2009, all of which were also under MF Comics.[32] To celebrate the series' 30th anniversary, sixteen manga were reprinted and released by Media Factory; on May 23, 2008, Cobra Fukkatsu[Jp 13] and Irezumi no Sanshimai[Jp 14] were released, and Magic Doll concluded it, with its release on July 7, 2009.[33]

Anime film[edit]

TMS Entertainment adapted the manga into a film titled Space Adventure Cobra, which was released on July 23, 1982, in Japan.[2] It was directed by Osamu Dezaki, with screenplay by Terasawa and Haruya Yamazaki, and retold the Cobra involvement with the Royal Sisters, and his fight against Crystal Boy, which was the first major arc of manga.[20] In Japan, the film was first released on DVD on June 25, 2001 by Digital Site, and re-released by Happinet on August 29, 2008.[34] Manga Entertainment released the film in British theaters in 1995.[6] The Manga Entertainment version's dub had an alternate soundtrack performed by the pop group Yello.[35][36] It was released in American theaters on August 20, 1995, by Tara,[37] and was later distributed by Urban Vision on VHS format on June 16, 1998.[38] The film was released in the Australasian region by Madman Entertainment on December 5, 2007.[39] On April 8, 2008, Manga Entertainment released it on DVD.[40] On January 3, 2012, Hulu started to host the English dubbed version of the film after an agreement with TMS.[41] Discotek Media released the film in the United States on DVD on August 21, 2012.[42] Matthew Sweet's music video "Girlfriend" used excerpts from the film, and become one of the most-watched videos on MTV.[20][43]

Space Cobra[edit]

The series was later adapted into an anime adaptation titled Space Cobra[Jp 15]. Loosely based in the first eight volumes of the manga,[20] it was also directed by Dezaki, and aired on Fuji Television between October 7, 1982, and May 19, 1983.[44] On October 25, 2000, the episodes were released in eight DVD compilations as well as a DVD box set by Digital Site. Digital Site also released a later DVD box subtitled Genseki-ban[Jp 16] on October 25, 2002. The eight DVDs were later re-released by Happinet on August 29, 2008.[34] The series was licensed for a DVD release and digital distribution by Right Stuf's publishing division, Nozomi Entertainment, which plans on releasing the series in two subtitled sets in Northern America;[45] the first was released on March 4, 2014,[46] and the second one will be available on May 6, 2014.[47]

Cobra the Animation[edit]

Cobra was adapted into two OVAs and a television series that were created by Guild Project and animated by Magic Bus under the Cobra the Animation line for the series' 30th anniversary.[48] The first of the series was Cobra the Animation: The Psychogun[Jp 17], which was released direct-to-DVD between August 29, 2008, and February 27, 2009. It was wrote, storyboarded, and directed by Terasawa.[49] Its sequel OVA, Cobra the Animation: Time Drive,[Jp 18], was released between April 24, 2009, and June 26, 2009. It was co-directed by Terasawa and Kenichi Maejima.[50] Both OVA series were later released in Blu-ray box set on February 19, 2010.[34] The anime television series Cobra the Animation: Rokunin no Yūshi[Jp 19], directed by Keizo Shimizu, aired on BS 11 between January 2, 2010 and March 27, 2010.[4] On December 18, 2009, Crunchyroll that would begin to stream the first OVA series on that day.[51] The last episode was streamed on January 8, 2010.[52] The two episodes of Time Drive were uploaded on January 1, 2008,[53][54] and Rokunin no Yūshi was simulcasted as it aired in Japan.[55]

Live-action film[edit]

In 2008, Buichi Terasawa said he received a Hollywood offer to purchase the rights to a live-action film adaptation of the series. He stated it was "off-the-record", and that if it happened it would be partly standalone and separate from his original manga.[48] However, in 2010, Alexandre Aja announced he had purchased its rights, and that he planned to direct a live-action film adaptation of Cobra.[55][56] Aja was inspired to create this film adaptation because the original manga was one of his childhood favorites.[57] Aja wrote the script with Gregory Levasseur, and produced the film with Levasseur, Marc Sessego and Alexandra Milchan. Aja said he wanted to create a "tent pole-sized live action franchise".[58] On April 30, 2011 a teaser poster depicting promotional concept art for Cobra: The Space Pirate, along with a release date scheduled for mid-2013, was unveiled.[59] In 2013, however, Aja admitted that making the film will be "very hard" as "to do a new kind of Star Wars, it's expensive" though he stated "we are trying everything, we will make it."[60]

CDs[edit]

The soundtrack of the film was composed by Osamu Shōji. It used a single opening theme and a single ending theme, and its lyrics were written by Tetsuya Chiaki and composed by Saburo Suzuki. "Daydream Romance"[Jp 20] by Shigeru Matsuzaki was used as the opening music and "Stay"[Jp 21] by Eve was used at the end.[2] The subsequent anime's music was scored by Kentarō Haneda. The lyrics for "Cobra" and "Secret Desire"[Jp 22], the opening and the ending themes respectively, were written by Kayoko Fuyomori and composed by Yuji Ohno; both were sung by Yoko Maeno.[3] The anime's music was compiled into two albums; Space Cobra: Original Soundtrack and Space Cobra: Complete Soundtrack were released by Nippon Columbia on September 25, 2003, and April 21, 2004, respectively.[61][62]

The musical score for Cobra the Animation was composed by Yoshihiro Ike.[4][49][50] The opening theme from The Psychogun is "Kizudarake no Yume"[Jp 23] by Yoko Takahashi and it ending theme is "Wanderer" by Shigeru Matsuzaki. Both were released as singles on August 27, 2008, by Nippon Columbia.[63][64] The second OVA used "Time Drive" by Sasja Antheunis as its opening theme and "Kimi ga bi Waraunara"[Jp 24] by Shigeru Matsuzaki as its closing theme.[65] "Cobra the Space Pirate" by Sasja Antheunis and "Kimi no Uta"[Jp 25] respectively were used as opening theme and closing theme for Rokunin no Yūshi. On March 24, 2010, both were released as singles by Nippon Columbia.[66][67] A soundtrack containing music from both OVAs and a compilation of music from the anime series were released on January 20, 2010, and April 14, 2010, respectively.[68][69] Cobra Song Collection, which encompassed music from the soundtracks of the film, two OVAs and two anime series was released on March 31, 2010 by Nippon Columbia.[70]

Video games[edit]

In 1982, Popy Electronics created the hand-held game Space Cobra Professional, which had a flip-out design similar to travel alarm clocks, and two screens.[71][72] It was followed by arcade and video game adaptations. The first video game was developed in 1989 for the PC Engine (TurboGrafx-16 in America) titled Cobra: Kokuryū Ō no Densetsu.[Jp 26][16] This was followed by Cobra 2: Densetsu no Otoko[Jp 27], released for the PC Engine in 1990,[16] which was released in the United States and Europe for the Mega-CD (Sega CD in America) as The Space Adventure - Cobra: The Legendary Bandit.[73] Takara released Cobra the Shooting[Jp 28] for the PlayStation in 1996.[74] Sony Computer Entertainment published the PlayStation gameCobra: The Psychogun Vol. 1[Jp 29] and Vol. 2 in 1998,[75][76] and Cobra: Galaxy Knights,[Jp 30] in 1999.[77] In 2001, SSI Tristar published a game for Windows and Macintosh developed by Sting Entertainment called Space Adventure Cobra: Konda Typing the Psychogun.[Jp 31][78][79] In 2005, Namco Bandai Games developed a Time Crisis-style video arcade game based on the series, called Cobra the Arcade.[16][80] In 2008, many games were developed for the mobile phone by WorkJam based on the Cobra storyline: Space Adventure Cobra: The Psychogun,[Jp 32], Space Adventure Cobra: Galaxy Knights,[Jp 33], Space Adventure Cobra: Ōgon no Tobira, (SPACE ADVENTURE COBRA 黄金の扉 Supēsu Adobenchā Kobura Ōgon no Tobira?), Space Adventure Cobra: Blue Rose,[Jp 34] and Space Adventure Cobra: Time Drive.[Jp 35][81] Pachinko developer Newgin created Cobra-based pachinko games in 2003, 2008 and 2012.[82][83][84] Cobra, Crystal Boy, and Lady Armaroid were included support characters in Jump Ultimate Stars published by Nintendo.[85]

Other merchandise[edit]

The Cobra manga has become the basis of two artbooks. An artbook focusing on the female characters of the series was released as Cobra Girls (COBRA GIRLS Kobura Gāruzu?) on February 1, 1988.[86] Concept designs of the manga were added to a Cobra artbook titled Cobra Wonder: Concept Design Arts of Cobra World, which was released in July 17, 1997, and included two Cobra's side storiesBara[Jp 36] and Mahō no Fune[Jp 37]—first published in Super Jump in 1988.[87][88] Popy and Bandai included Cobra's ground vehicle, the Psychoroid, in the Japanese Machine Robo toyline, where it gained the ability to transform into a robot. Japan later exported this idea to the United States as part of the Super Gobots toyline under the name "Psycho", designed by Murakami Katsushi.[89] In Japan, action figures,[90] t-shirts,[91] kewpie dolls,[92] Cobra's Psycho-gun and Crystal Boy's claw replicas,[93][94] stamps,[95] and limited-edition whiskey bottles were sold as merchandise for the series.[96]

Reception[edit]

Manga[edit]

Approximately 30 million copies on Cobra have been sold, making it one of Weekly Shōnen Jump's best-selling manga series of all time.[97] Cobra made Terasawa, who at the time was 22 and was little known, famous.[20][98] The English version of Cobra was named as one of the "The Top 25 Translated-To-English Manga of All Time" by Wizard magazine.[99] Writing for Anime News Network (ANN), Jason Thompson described Cobra as "a significant piece of manga history". Thompson wrote that Terakawa uses "a roguish, smiling hero with long curly hair and an eye for thongs" and "statuesque women with minimal underwear". However, he stated the women of the series have a "realistic physique and not some moe jailbait or grotesque bakunyu explosion". Similarities, especially with the starships of Star Wars, were mentioned by Thompson, who added, Cobra is a parody of both Western action heroes and Star Wars and 1970s shōjo science fiction and its concept of beauty".[100] Thompson, and The Superhero Book's writers Gina Renée Misiroglu and David A. Roach said the work bears similarities to Philip K. Dick's short story "We Can Remember It for You Wholesale".[20][100]

Ivevei Upatkoon of EX online magazine praised the Cobra manga series as a "rich fantasy" that was unmatched by any other. She said the main character took "after James Bond, albeit somewhat on the silly side, and the costumes and bizarre worlds are but a shade shy of plagiarizing Barbarella". She said she was impressed that the series "is surprisingly devoid of the sexual innuendo and exploitation that anime fans have come to associate with decorative female characters"; it avoids the stereotypical, random, beautiful women, and instead creates its own "extreme" world that features "superhuman strength, superhuman senses, fantastically grotesque monsters, inhumanly powerful villains and gorgeous sidekicks". Upatkoon also said that modern readers might find the manga dated and would be discouraged from reading it, despite the improvement in artistic quality as the series progresses.[101]

Film[edit]

The anime film received mixed reviews from critics. Tim Henderson from ANN gave the film adaptation a generally positive review with an overall B-rating. He praised the English-translated film for staying true to the 1978 manga series and "holding its own with a modern audience". Henderson stated that the series carries a theme of "love as a power beyond compare", which battles with the main character's playboyish air. Henderson said that the dub and the original Japanese voices are almost like a history lesson when compared. Overall, Henderson said the movie is a masterpiece and classic that is worth viewing to know the medium's foundations.[102] Charles Packer of Sci-Fi Online gave the film adaptation a negative review. Packer called the plot pure nonsense. He said that the animation looks like a Saturday morning cartoon. Packer said that the animation crosses between that of an old anime and a new one, complete with interesting "psychedelic moments". He said the dialogue is almost laughable, however the voice actors of both language versions are decent. Packer complained that the DVD contained no extras aside from the trailers, one of which looked as if it came from a bootleg.[103]

Otaku USA's Daryl Surat wrote that Cobra is a type of classical pulp series, and its protagonist is an "alpha male" that is "part Han Solo and part Sean Connery-era James Bond" who does not fit the modern-day anime hero standard. Surat also said that Cobra is much more happy-go-lucky than Captain Harlock, has almost the same level of wisecracks of Lupin the Third, which along with "exaggeration of body movement, and particularly expressive face he may be the anti-Golgo 13". He said that Cobra's arch-enemy Crystal Boy is "one of the greatest villain ideas ever conceived". Surat also said, "when people speak of the 1980s as 'the golden age of anime sci-fi, it's because of things like Space Adventure Cobra".[104]

Cobra the Animation[edit]

Cobra the Animation: The Psycho-Gun and Rokunin no Yūshi have been well received by fans; the OVA was among the best-selling for two weeks, and the sixth volume of the anime series was one of the best-selling DVDs for one week.[105][106][107] Chris Beveridge from Mania.com praised the anime series but said it is not for those who are unaware the original series. Beveridge praised its visual design, comparing to the The Psycho-Gun ones. He said the anime has "a healthy dose of action, the kind of sexuality that's a trademark of the series at least within the three 30th anniversary properties as well as a good bit of silly fun", and that it is a major element of the series.[108] In the second episode review, Beveridge said it "seems to be following much the same kind of pace and structure" as the OVAs.[109] Its animation was compared with the Darkside Blues; ANN's Erin Finnegan said it was a "gritty" animation, but that from episode five, the animation quality looks more modern and much less gritty.[110] Beveridge said the anime's idea is simple, but added it is "also not a show you see often since it doesn't center around teenagers, schools or the harem concept". He said it is not a great show, and, "it gives us something different than the usual"—the reason it is "enjoyable".[111]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Although the correct transliteration of "ボーイ" is "Boy", Buichi Terasawa said the character's name is a tribute to English musician David Bowie, and also a play on Bowie knife, due to the shape of his arm.[8]
Japanese
  1. ^ 刺青の女編?
  2. ^ ラグ・ボール編 Ragubōru-hen?
  3. ^ シドの女神編?
  4. ^ COBRA完全版?
  5. ^ SPACE ADVENTURE COBRA〜ギャラクシーナイツ Supēsu Adobenchā Kobura Gyarakushī Naitsu?
  6. ^ コブラ〜聖なる騎士伝説 Kobura Seinaru Kishi Densetsu?, lit. "Cobra: Legend of the Holy Knight"
  7. ^ SPACE ADVENTURE COBRA〜ザ・サイコガン Supēsu Adobenchā Kobura Za Saikogan?
  8. ^ SPACE ADVENTURE COBRA〜マジックドール Supēsu Adobenchā Kobura Majikku Dōru?
  9. ^ COBRA THE SPACE PIRATE マジックドール 前編 Kobura Za Supēsu Pairētsu Majikku Dōru Zenpen?
  10. ^ COBRA THE SPACE PIRATE マジックドール 後編 Kobura Za Supēsu Pairētsu Majikku Dōru Kōhen?
  11. ^ COBRA THE SPACE PIRATE 黒龍王 Kobura Za Supēsu Pairētsu Kokuryū Ō?
  12. ^ COBRA THE SPACE PIRATE タイム・ドライブ Kobura Za Supēsu Pairētsu Taimou Doraibu?
  13. ^ コブラ復活 Kobura Fukkatsu?
  14. ^ イレズミの三姉妹?
  15. ^ スペースコブラ Supēsu Kobura?
  16. ^ 原石版?, lit. "Gemstone version"
  17. ^ COBRA THE ANIMATION ザ・サイコガン Kobura Za Animēshon Za Saikogan?
  18. ^ COBRA THE ANIMATION タイム・ドライブ Kobura Za Animēshon Taimu Doraibu?
  19. ^ COBRA THE ANIMATION 六人の勇士 Kobura Za Animēshon Rokunin no Yūshi?
  20. ^ デイドリーム・ロマンス Deidorīmu Romansu?
  21. ^ ステイ Sutei?
  22. ^ シークレット・デザイアー Shīkuretto Dezaiā?
  23. ^ 傷だらけの夢?
  24. ^ 君が微笑うなら?
  25. ^ 君の歌?
  26. ^ コブラ〜黒竜王の伝説 Kobura Kokuryū Ō no Densetsu?
  27. ^ コブラ2〜伝説の男 Kobura II Densetsu no Otoko?
  28. ^ コブラ・ザ・シューティング Kobura Za Shūtingu?
  29. ^ COBRA ザ・サイコガンvol1 Kobura Za Saikogan Vol. 1?
  30. ^ COBRA ギャラクシー・ナイツ Kobura Gyarakushī Naitsu?
  31. ^ スペースアドベンチャー コブラ 魂打~タイピング・ザ・サイコガン~ Supēsu Adobenchā Kobura Konda ~Taipingu Za Saikogan~?
  32. ^ SPACE ADVENTURE COBRA ザ・サイコガン Supēsu Adobenchā Kobura Za Saikogan?
  33. ^ SPACE ADVENTURE COBRA ギャラクシー・ナイツ Supēsu Adobenchā Kobura Gyarakushī Naitsu?
  34. ^ SPACE ADVENTURE COBRA ブルーローズ Supēsu Adobenchā Kobura Burū Rōzu?
  35. ^ SPACE ADVENTURE COBRA タイム・ドライブ Supēsu Adobenchā Kobura Taimu Doraibu?
  36. ^ バラ?, lit. "Rose"
  37. ^ 魔法の船?, lit. "Ship of Magic"

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "スペースコブラ" (in Japanese). TMS Entertainment. June 25, 2008. Archived from the original on April 16, 2012. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "コブラ劇場版" (in Japanese). Movie Square. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "スペースコブラ" (in Japanese). Movie Square. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "アニメ Cobra the Animation" (in Japanese). Nippon BS Broadcasting. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g "Space Adventure Cobra". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved December 6, 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Space Adventure Cobra". Film Review (Orpheus Publishing). 1995. 
  7. ^ a b c d e Space Adventure Cobra (DVD). Manga Entertainment. April 8, 2008. 
  8. ^ An interview given to Kyoto Channel's program Hobby World Project (ほびーワールド計画?) on June 1, 2008.
  9. ^ a b Terasawa, Buichi; Marv Wolfman (1990). "Cobra". Cobra. Viz Select Comics (Viz Communications, LLC.) 1 (1): 2. 
  10. ^ "主な出演作品" (in Japanese). Shutsuensakuhin. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  11. ^ a b c Karahashi, Takayuki (1997). "Buichi Terasawa". In Trish Ledoux. Anime Interviews: The First Five Years of Animerica, Anime & Manga Monthly (1992–97). San Francisco, California: Cadence Books. pp. 126–33. ISBN 1-56931-220-6. 
  12. ^ a b ""Cobra" par Buichi Terasawa, son créateur original". AlloCiné. November 8, 2010. Retrieved February 6, 2014. 
  13. ^ "1F コンプレックス1周年! 秋葉原コンプ祭り! 寺沢武一全プレ冊子『大地よ蒼くなれ』『シグマ45』" (in Japanese). Mandarake Complex. March 21, 2009. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  14. ^ Terasawa, Buichi (November 6, 1978). "Cobra". Weekly Shōnen Jump (in Japanese) (Shueisha) (45). 
  15. ^ Terasawa, Buichi (November 12, 1984). "Cobra". Weekly Shōnen Jump (in Japanese) (Shueisha) (48). 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i Terasawa, Buichi. "HISTORY" (in Japanese). Buichi.com. Archived from the original on January 21, 2008. Retrieved February 21, 2009. 
  17. ^ "「コブラ」ジャンプコミック版全18巻データ" (in Japanese). Tohgoku. Retrieved August 22, 2013. 
  18. ^ "コブラ(デラックス版)(1)" (in Japanese). BookOffOnline. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  19. ^ "コブラ(デラックス版)(10)" (in Japanese). BookOffOnline. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  20. ^ a b c d e f Misiroglu, Gina Renée; Roach, David A. (January 1, 2004). The Superhero Book: The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Comic-Book Icons and Hollywood Heroes. Visible Ink Press. pp. 147–150. ISBN 978-1-578-59154-1. 
  21. ^ a b "Books". Buichi.com. Retrieved August 7, 2013. 
  22. ^ "Cobra, the space pirate Vol.1" (in French). Taifu Comics. Retrieved August 7, 2013. 
  23. ^ "Fumetti Play Press Publishing, Collan Cobra M5" (in Italian). Fummeto Online. 
  24. ^ "Space Adventure Cobra (1) Space Adventure Handy Edition" (in Japanese). BookOffOnline. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  25. ^ "Space Adventure Cobra (10) Space Adventure Handy Edition" (in Japanese). BookOffOnline. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  26. ^ "集英社 リミックス: コブラ" (in Japanese). Shueisha. Archived from the original on August 22, 2009. Retrieved December 3, 2013. 
  27. ^ "COBRA 【完全版】 1" (in Japanese). Media Factory. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  28. ^ "COBRA 【完全版】 12" (in Japanese). Media Factory. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  29. ^ "SPACE ADVENTURE COBRA: MAGIC DOLL". Shueisha. Retrieved February 27, 2009. 
  30. ^ "Cobra Magicdoll 前編" (in Japanese). Media Factory. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  31. ^ "Cobra Magicdoll 後編" (in Japanese). Media Factory. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  32. ^ "Cobra 黒龍王" (in Japanese). Media Factory. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
    "COBRA ラグボール" (in Japanese). Media Factory. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
    "COBRA ザ・サイコガン 前編" (in Japanese). Media Factory. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
    "COBRA ザ・サイコガン 後編" (in Japanese). Media Factory. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
    "COBRA 神の瞳" (in Japanese). Media Factory. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
    "COBRA タイム・ドライブ" (in Japanese). Media Factory. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  33. ^ "COBRA コブラ復活" (in Japanese). Media Factory. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
    "COBRA イレズミの三姉妹" (in Japanese). Media Factory. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
    "COBRA ラグ・ボール" (in Japanese). Media Factory. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
    "COBRA 二人の軍曹" (in Japanese). Media Factory. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
    "COBRA シドの女神" (in Japanese). Media Factory. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
    "COBRA 異次元レース" (in Japanese). Media Factory. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
    "COBRA 黄金の扉" (in Japanese). Media Factory. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
    "COBRA 神の瞳" (in Japanese). Media Factory. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
    "COBRA 六人の勇士" (in Japanese). Media Factory. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
    "COBRA 地獄の十字軍 前編" (in Japanese). Media Factory. Retrieved February 3, 2014. 
    "COBRA 地獄の十字軍 後編" (in Japanese). Media Factory. Retrieved February 3, 2014. 
    "COBRA 聖なる騎士伝説" (in Japanese). Media Factory. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
    "COBRA タイム・ドライブ" (in Japanese). Media Factory. Retrieved February 3, 2014. 
    "COBRA ギャラクシー・ナイツ" (in Japanese). Media Factory. Retrieved February 3, 2014. 
    "COBRA ザ・サイコガン" (in Japanese). Media Factory. Retrieved February 3, 2014. 
    "COBRA マジックドール" (in Japanese). Media Factory. Retrieved February 3, 2014. 
  34. ^ a b c "GOODS >> DVD・ミュージックCD >> DVD" (in Japanese). Buichi.com. Retrieved February 3, 2014. 
  35. ^ Muir, Bob (February 16, 2012). "Discotek licenses Space Adventure Cobra movie for the US". Japanator. Retrieved December 6, 2013. 
  36. ^ "MTV's Primestar Boost; Japanimation Rocks". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media) (107): 47. August 19, 1995. ISSN 0006-2510. 
  37. ^ Beck, Jerry (October 1, 2005). The Animated Movie Guide. Chicago Review Press. p. 18. ISBN 978-1-569-76222-6. 
  38. ^ "Space Adventure Cobra (VHS) (1995)". Amazon.com. Retrieved December 6, 2013. 
  39. ^ "Space Adventure Cobra the Movie". Madman Entertainment. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  40. ^ "Space Adventure Cobra the Movie". Manga Entertainment. Archived from the original on June 8, 2008. Retrieved December 6, 2013. 
  41. ^ "Hulu Streams Lupin III: The Secret of Mamo, Cobra Films". Anime News Network. January 3, 2012. Retrieved February 3, 2014. 
  42. ^ "Space Adventure Cobra". Discotek Media. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  43. ^ "Michael Jackson (1958-2009) & the Zillion Anime Connections". Anime News Network. June 26, 2009. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  44. ^ "アニメの殿堂ムービースクエア - スペースコブラ" (in Japanese). Movie Square. Retrieved August 10, 2013. 
  45. ^ "RIGHT STUF, Inc. Acquires Space Adventure Cobra: The Original TV Series". Right Stuf. January 15, 2013. Retrieved September 9, 2013. 
  46. ^ "Space Adventure Cobra: The Original TV Series DVD Part 1 (S)". Right Stuf. Retrieved March 10, 2014. 
  47. ^ "Space Adventure Cobra: The Original TV Series DVD Part 2 (S)". Right Stuf. Retrieved March 10, 2014. 
  48. ^ a b "Cobra Manga Said to Have Received Hollywood Film Offer". Anime News Network. June 25, 2008. Retrieved August 22, 2013. 
  49. ^ a b "COBRA THE ANIMATION 「コブラ ザ・サイコガン」" (in Japanese). Buichi.com. Retrieved August 10, 2013. 
  50. ^ a b "COBRA THE ANIMATION 「コブラ タイムドライブ」" (in Japanese). Buichi.com. Retrieved August 10, 2013. 
  51. ^ "Crunchyroll and Happinet Announce Release of Extreme Sci-Fi Action Space Opera Epic Series Cobra The Animation". Anime News Network. December 12, 2008. Retrieved August 10, 2013. 
  52. ^ "Cobra the Animation: The Psychogun OVA Episode 4 – Cobra the Animation: The Psychogun OVA". Crunchyroll. Retrieved August 10, 2013. 
  53. ^ "Cobra the Animation: Time Drive Episode 1". Crunchyroll. Retrieved August 10, 2013. 
  54. ^ "Cobra the Animation: Time Drive Episode 2". Crunchyroll. Retrieved August 10, 2013. 
  55. ^ a b "Piranha 3D's Aja Gets Space Adventure Cobra Film Rights". Anime News Network. Retrieved August 22, 2013. 
  56. ^ White, James (August 19, 2010). "Alexandre Aja Nabs Cobra". Empire. Retrieved August 22, 2013. 
  57. ^ Asia Pacific Arts (June 5, 2011). "Space Pirate Cobra live action film in the works". University of California, Los Angeles. Retrieved August 22, 2013. 
  58. ^ Yegulalp, Serdar. "'Cobra The Animation' is Now 'Cobra The Live-Action'". About.com. IAC. Retrieved August 22, 2013. 
  59. ^ Turek, Ryan (April 30, 2011). "Teaser Art for Alex Aja's Cobra: The Space Pirate!". Comingsoon.net. Retrieved August 22, 2013. 
  60. ^ Julian, Mark (September 10, 2013). "Horns Director Alexandre Aja Still Keen On Space Adventure Cobra Movie". ComicBookMovie.com. Retrieved February 5, 2014. 
  61. ^ "スペースコブラ オリジナル・サウンドトラック/TVサントラ" (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved September 12, 2013. 
  62. ^ "スペースコブラ コンプリート・サウンドトラック/TVサントラ" (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved September 12, 2013. 
  63. ^ "傷だらけの夢/高橋洋子" (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved September 12, 2013. 
  64. ^ "「Wanderer」松崎しげる" (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved September 12, 2013. 
  65. ^ "「スペースコブラ」から「COBRA THE ANIMATION」まで、「コブラ」のベスト・ソング集が登場!" (in Japanese). CDJournal. March 5, 2010. Retrieved September 12, 2013. 
  66. ^ "COBRA THE SPACE PIRATE/Sasja Antheunis" (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved September 12, 2013. 
  67. ^ "君の歌/松崎しげる" (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved September 12, 2013. 
  68. ^ "COBRA THE ANIMATION "THE PSYCHOGUN"&"TIME DRIVE""COMPLETE SOUNDTRACK/ビデオ・サントラ" (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved September 12, 2013. 
  69. ^ "COBRA THE ANIMETION ORIGINAL SOUNDTRACK for TV/TVサントラ" (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved September 12, 2013. 
  70. ^ "コブラ ソング・コレクション/アニメ主題歌" (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved September 12, 2013. 
  71. ^ "Popy Space Cobra Professional (1982, LCD, Watch Batteries, Model# 72619)". Hand Held Museum. Retrieved August 22, 2013. 
  72. ^ "Space Cobra Professional". Mini Arcade. Retrieved August 22, 2013. 
  73. ^ "The Space Adventure — Cobra II: The Legendary Bandit". IGN. Retrieved February 27, 2009. 
  74. ^ "コブラ・ザ・シューティング" (in Japanese). jp.playstation.com. Retrieved August 22, 2013. 
  75. ^ "プレイステーション・コミック第1弾「コブラ・ザ・サイコガンvol1」" (in Japanese). jp.playstation.com. Retrieved August 22, 2013. 
  76. ^ "プレイステーション・コミック第1弾「コブラ・ザ・サイコガンvol2」" (in Japanese). jp.playstation.com. Retrieved August 22, 2013. 
  77. ^ "プレイステーションコミック第4弾「コブラギャラクシーナイツ」" (in Japanese). jp.playstation.com. Retrieved August 22, 2013. 
  78. ^ Kitamura, Takakazu (November 2, 2001). "SSIトリスター、コミック版のオリジナル画像を使用「スペースアドベンチャー コブラ「魂打」~タイピング・ザ・サイコガン~」" (in Japanese). Game Watch. Retrieved August 22, 2013. 
  79. ^ "スペースアドベンチャー コブラ 魂打~タイピング・ザ・サイコガン~" (in Japanese). SSI Tristar. Archived from the original on April 7, 2004. Retrieved August 22, 2013. 
  80. ^ "Cobra The Arcade". IGN. Retrieved February 27, 2009. 
  81. ^ "SPACE ADVENTURE COBRA ザ・サイコガン <前編>". WorkJam Co., Ltd. Archived from the original on May 15, 2006. Retrieved February 28, 2009. 
  82. ^ . Newgin http://web.archive.org/web/20040202020409/http://www.newgin.co.jp/pub/machine/cobra/index.shtml. Archived from the original on February 2, 2004. Retrieved March 22, 2014.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  83. ^ "COBRA〜終わりなき劇闘〜" (in Japanese). Newgin. Archived from the original on December 31, 2008. Retrieved March 22, 2014. 
  84. ^ "CR COBRA 新たなる出発(たびだち)" (in Japanese). Newgin. Retrieved March 22, 2014. 
  85. ^ "Jump Ultimate Stars - コブラ". Nintendo. Retrieved March 3, 2009. 
  86. ^ "COBRA GIRLS" (in Japanese). BookOffOnline. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  87. ^ "Cobra wonder―Concept design arts of Cobra world イラスト集" (in Japanese). BookOffOnline. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  88. ^ "サイドストーリー" (in Japanese). Buichi.com. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  89. ^ "Phychoroid". Zinc Panic. Archived from the original on November 25, 2005. Retrieved March 1, 2009. 
  90. ^ "COBRA (COBRA THE SPACE PIRATE) (ノンスケール PVC塗装済み完成品)" (in Japanese). Konami. Retrieved August 22, 2013. 
  91. ^ "COBRA×THE SHOP TK TAKEO KIKUCHIコラボTシャツ" (in Japanese). Buichi.com. Retrieved August 22, 2013. 
  92. ^ "キュージョンコブラ根付ストラップ" (in Japanese). Buichi.com. Retrieved August 22, 2013. 
  93. ^ "COBRA サイコガン ブルーメタルVer." (in Japanese). Amazon. Retrieved August 22, 2013. 
  94. ^ "ゴールデンクロー+ピンバッチセット" (in Japanese). Buichi Shop. Retrieved August 22, 2013. 
  95. ^ "コブラフレーム切手" (in Japanese). Buichi.com. Retrieved August 22, 2013. 
  96. ^ "Cutie Honey, Space Adventure Cobra to Pitch Whiskey (Updated)". Anime News Network. August 19, 2008. Retrieved March 2, 2009. 
  97. ^ "コブラとは?" (in Japanese). Bandai Namco Games. Retrieved November 28, 2013. 
  98. ^ Patten, Fred (2004). Watching Anime, Reading Manga: 25 Years of Essays and Reviews. Stone Bridge Press. p. 242. ISBN 978-1-8806-5692-1. 
  99. ^ "Thirteen Viz titles named in "The Top 25 Translated-To-English Manga of All Time"" (PHP) (Press release). Viz Media. November 28, 2001. Archived from the original on January 14, 2006. Retrieved April 24, 2012. 
  100. ^ a b "Cobra - Jason Thompson's House of 1000 Manga". Anime News Network. November 11, 2010. Retrieved September 4, 2013. 
  101. ^ Upatkoon, Ivevei (June 18, 2000). "Space Adventure Cobra". EX 5 (5). Retrieved March 8, 2009. 
  102. ^ Henderson, Tim (June 16, 2008). "Space Adventure Cobra the Movie". Anime News Network. Retrieved February 27, 2009. 
  103. ^ Packer, Charles (August 4, 2008). "Space Adventure Cobra". Sci-Fi Online. Retrieved March 1, 2009. 
  104. ^ "Space Adventure Cobra: The Movie". Otaku USA. September 4, 2010. Retrieved September 4, 2013. 
  105. ^ "Japanese Animation DVD Ranking, August 27–September 2". Anime News Network. September 4, 2008. Retrieved September 4, 2013. 
  106. ^ "Japanese Animation DVD Ranking, September 3–9". Anime News Network. September 12, 2008. Retrieved September 4, 2013. 
  107. ^ "Japan's Animation DVD Ranking, September 13-19 (Part 2)". Anime News Network. September 12, 2008. Retrieved September 4, 2013. 
  108. ^ Beveridge, Chris (January 2, 2010). "Cobra: The Animation Episode 01". Mania.com. Retrieved September 4, 2013. 
  109. ^ Beveridge, Chris (January 9, 2010). "Cobra: The Animation Episode 02". Mania.com. Retrieved September 4, 2013. 
  110. ^ Finnegan, Erin (May 3, 2010). "Love to Love Ru - Shelf Life". Anime News Network. Retrieved September 4, 2013. 
  111. ^ Beveridge, Chris (January 30, 2010). "Cobra: The Animation Episode 05". Mania.com. Retrieved September 4, 2013. 

External links[edit]