Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command
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The Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command (SPAWAR), based in San Diego, is an Echelon II organization within the United States Navy and Navy’s technical authority and acquisition command for C4ISR (Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance), business information technology and space systems. Echelon II means that the organization reports to someone who, in turn, reports directly to the Chief of Naval Operations. SPAWAR reports to the Assistant Secretary of the Navy (RDA).
SPAWAR supports over 150 programs managed by the Program Executive Office for Command, Control, Communications, Computers and Intelligence (PEO C4I), as well as the programs of PEO for Enterprise Information Systems (PEO EIS) and PEO Space Systems. PEO EIS and PEO Space Systems are located in the greater Washington, D.C. area. SPAWAR Systems Center Atlantic, an Echelon III organization, is located in Charleston, SC, and also includes facilities in Norfolk, VA, New Orleans and Stuttgart, Germany. SPAWAR Systems Center Pacific is located in San Diego, and includes facilities in Japan, Guam and Hawaii.
A number of mergers over the years have led to the current organization. Eighty percent of the Point Loma Military Reservation evolved into the Naval Electronics Laboratory Center (NELC) at the end of World War II. In the 1960s, NELC was tasked with 4C: Command, Control, Communications and Computers. In 1977 NELC was merged into the Naval Ocean Systems Center (NOSC) and eventually was merged into SPAWAR.
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SPAWAR provides systems engineering and technical support for the development and maintenance of C4ISR (command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance), business information technology and space capabilities. These are used in ships, aircraft and vehicles to connect individual platforms into integrated systems for the purpose of information sharing among Navy, Marine, joint forces, federal agencies and international allies.
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- Command and Control: to organize, direct, coordinate, deploy and control forces to accomplish assigned missions
- Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance and Information Operations: to collect, process, exploit and disseminate information regarding an adversary’s capability and intent
- Cyberspace Operations: to operate and protect communications and networks, while exploiting and disrupting adversary’s command and control
- Business Information Technology (IT) and Enterprise Information Systems: to enable business processes and to ensure standard IT capabilities
- Enterprise Systems Engineering: to develop solutions based on capability needs, design considerations and constraints
- Space Systems: to procure and manage narrowband communication satellites in support of the Department of Defense and other government agencies
- Communications and Networks: to provide information through voice, video and data
- Cabrillo NM: Shadows of the Past (Chapter 5). Nps.gov. Retrieved on 2013-12-02.
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