Space programme 2040

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The Space Programme 2040[1][2] is a satellite development and launch programme of the Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (Suparco) — Pakistan's supreme space research authority.[3] The Space Programme 2040 intends to replace the Badr satellite programme and geo-stationary communication satellite.[3] On August 11, Paksat-IR was launched from Xichang Satellite Launch Center by Suparco, making it first satellite to be launched under this programme.[4] According to Suparco, five GEO satellites and six LEO satellites will be launched in between 2011 till 2040.[3]

The stated goals of the program are to expected gain significant experience in satellite development, practicing of Space medicine, and to promote socio-economic sector in the country.[1] While, the programme intend to learn to developed the military and space technologies and to conduct experiments on fundamental sciences in space frontier, the Government maintained that Space Programme-2040's prime purpose to bring the benefits of the full spectrum of space technology to the people of Pakistan.[1] On July 15, 2011, Prime minister Yousaf Gillani gave official approval of the programme with the 2011 Pakistan fiscal year budget.[1]

Spacecraft[edit]

The Space Programme 2040 included the development of five GEO satellites and six LEO satellites to replace Suparco's existing satellites in the orbit.[3] There no plans for developing the of the Reusable Space Vehicle or space rocket booster, and the programme is entirely intend and focus to launch more communication and remote sensing satellites.[5] In August 11, the Suparco launched the Paksat-IR, as first satellite as part of this programme.[4][6]

Geo-satellites[edit]

According to Suparco, the Space Programme intends to launch five GEO satellites from 2011 till 2040. Here the details are given:

Paksat-IE[edit]

The Paksat-IE[3] was country's first GEO satellite that was operated by the Suparco. Previously owned by Boeing and operated under lease by Paksat. It was launched on 31 January 1996 and leased to Suparco in 2003. Since then, Suparco initiated to developed its own GEO satellite programme, financed by People's Republic of China. The satellite will be replaced by its advanced and upgrade satellite, the Paksat-IR.

Paksat-IR[edit]

The Paksat-IR is a first GEO satellite that was launched at 21:17hrs August 11 as part of this programme from People's Republic of China. Its satellite vehicle was the Long March 3E carrier rocket from the Xichang Satellite Launch Centre in China's Sichuan province.[7][8] The China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation and the Suparco was the main contractor to build Paksat-IR, and DESTO was selected to build the primary heat shield and electronic materials for the spacecraft.[8] The Paksat-IR objectives are to support all conventional and modern Fixed Satellite Service (FSS) applications, with a total of 30 Communication Transponders (12 in C band and 18 in Ku band).[8]

  • The GEO satellites that are under developed or purposed are listed below:

Low Earth orbit[edit]

See also: Low Earth orbit

In 1992, Suparco launched her first LEO project, and it was completed in 1996. Badr-II was Suparco's first LEO satellite and was launched in 2001 by Baikonur Cosmodrome by the Russian Space Agency. Since then, Suparco took initiatives to replace her first Suparco satellite, therefore, Remote Sensing Satellite programme in January 2007.

Optical satellite[edit]

Suparco plans to launched her first Optical satellite in the end year of 2011 from People's Republic of China.[9][10] The satellite is reported to have payload of 2.5 meter PAN in 700 km in SSO.[9][10] It is the first satellite that is locally manufactured by the Suparco and to meet the national and international user requirements in the field of satellite imagery.[9][10]

Remote Sensing Programme[edit]

There are six remote sensing satellites are expected to be developed and launched under this programme. Suparco is intending to launch her first remote sensing satellite in 2014 and it is named as PRSS-O1.[10][10] According to Suparco, the planned and manufactured satellites are list below:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Staff Desk (July 14, 2011). "NCA okays Nuclear Power Prog 2050, Space Prog 2040". The News International Directorate for Science and Technology. The News International. Retrieved July 14, 2011. 
  2. ^ Ghumman, Khawar (July 15, 2011). "Nuclear-Minimum Credible Deterrence to be pursued". The Dawn Newspapers' Division of Science. Dawn News. Retrieved July 14, 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Suddle, D.Sc., Mohmmad Riaz (19 December 2009). "Pakistan's Space Programme" (Webcache). SUPARCO Media Research Directorate. Dr. Mohmmad Riaz Suddle, Director of the Paksat-IR programme and current executive member of the Suparco's plan and research division. Retrieved August 11, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b Ghumman, Khawar (12 August 2011). "PAKSAT-1R: China launches Pakistan’s ‘first’ communications satellite". The Awaz Today. Awaz Today. Retrieved July 14, 2011. 
  5. ^ AFP, Associated Press of Pakistan (12 August 2011). "Pakistan to launch another Satellite in 2014". AFP Director for Science. Associated Press of Pakistan, Electronic Government of Pakistan. Retrieved July 14, 2011. 
  6. ^ Pakistan Times' Federal Bureau. "Pakistan’s first Communications Satellite PAKSAT-1R launched". Pakistan Time's Federal Bureau. Pakistan Times Directorate-General of the Science. 
  7. ^ SUPARCO, Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (August 11). "Space Launch Vehicle of the Pak-sat IR". Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission Directorate for Media and Public Relations from People's Republic of China. Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission Headquarters. 
  8. ^ a b c SUPARCO, Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (August 11). "Pakistan's First GEO Satellite launched under Space Programme 2040" (PDF). Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission Directorate for Media and Public Relations. Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission Headquarters in Karachi. 
  9. ^ a b c SUPARCO. "Optical Satellite Programme". SUPARCO. SUPARCO. 
  10. ^ a b c d e Staff desk. "Pakistan to launch Remote Sensing Satellite in 2014". Pakistan Observer. Pakistan Observer: The Science Desk News.