Spadina (TTC)

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Spadina
TTC - Line 1 - Yonge-University-Spadina line.svg TTC - Line 2 - Bloor-Danforth line.svg
Spadina TTC bus terminal.JPG
Station statistics
Address 6 Spadina Road
Toronto, Ontario
Canada
Coordinates 43°40′02″N 79°24′14″W / 43.66722°N 79.40389°W / 43.66722; -79.40389Coordinates: 43°40′02″N 79°24′14″W / 43.66722°N 79.40389°W / 43.66722; -79.40389
Connections BSicon BUS1.svg TTC buses
Structure type underground
Platforms 4 side platforms (2 on each line)
Tracks 4 (2 per line)
Other information
Opened 26 February 1966 (BD)
28 January 1978 (YUS)
27 July 1997 (streetcar)
Architect Adamson Associates (YUS only)
Owned by Toronto Transit Commission
Presto card Yes
Traffic
Passengers (2012-13[1]) 13,760 (YUS line)
41,140 (BD line)
54,900 Total
Services
Preceding station   TTC   Following station
toward Downsview
TTC - Line 1 - Yonge-University-Spadina line.svg Yonge–University–Spadina
toward Finch
toward Kipling
TTC - Line 2 - Bloor-Danforth line.svg Bloor–Danforth
toward Kennedy
Terminus 510 Spadina
Streetcar line
toward Union

Spadina is a subway station on Line 1 (Yonge-University-Spadina) and Line 2 (Bloor-Danforth) in Toronto, Canada. It is located on Spadina Road, north of Bloor Street West.

Connecting pedestrian tunnel

The station consists of two separate sections, one for each line, at the same level and 150 metres apart. The north-south platforms, which opened in 1978, were originally planned as a separate station, but the TTC decided to join to the existing 1966 east-west station with a pedestrian tunnel containing a pair of long moving walkways. The cost of the moving walkways themselves became an issue when they became due for refurbishment or replacement, and they were shut down and ultimately removed in 2004, leaving the corridor as a simple underground walkway. The former location of the moving walkways remains visible because the tiles used to cover their removal are noticeably different. Warnings to hold the handrails are still embossed on the walls where the ends of the moving walkways were once located.

Changing trains between the two subway lines here is not recommended. It is much more convenient to transfer at neighbouring St. George, with one set of platforms being directly above the other and wheelchair accessible via elevator.

An underground loop for the 510 Spadina streetcar was added in 1997 near the east end of the east-west platforms. The streetcar platform adds Postmodern finishes to the station's mix of styles. These range from the basic Modernist tiles of the Bloor-Danforth line platform, to the more intricate round tiles and backlit signage of the Yonge-University-Spadina line platform.

In 1997, this station became accessible only to the Bloor-Danforth platforms and exit.

Architecture and art[edit]

Spadina/Bloor[edit]

The largest above ground structure is the bus station, with its entrance on the east side of Spadina Road just north of Bloor Street, which currently serves as the terminus of the 127 Davenport bus route. Originally, it was built to serve as a looping facility for the former 77 Spadina bus which operated until the underground streetcar loop was added and the buses were replaced by 510 Spadina streetcars. This rather subdued building, with its pseudo mansard roof and brick arches and no obvious bold signage like most other station entrances, is located at the easterly end of the Bloor line platforms. There is a more typical secondary entrance building, directly opposite, on the west side of Spadina Road.

Down one flight of stairs, on the mezzanine level, are large cedar wood carvings depicting an owl, a wolf and a hawk; the work of Fedelia O'Brien, Murphy Green and Chuck Heit of the Gitxsan First Nation in British Columbia.[2]

Walmer Avenue[edit]

Entrance on east side of Walmer

On the east side of Walmer Avenue is an automatic entrance, which is situated at the west end of the Bloor line platforms. This contemporary building has a deceptively imposing presence which belies its modest function as a secondary entrance.

Norman B. Gash House[edit]

85 Spadina Road

The main entrance to the Yonge–University–Spadina line part of the station is concealed inside a house at 85 Spadina Road, which was built in 1899 and listed as a heritage property by the City of Toronto in 1974.[3] The building was designed by architect Robert Ogilvie[4] for lawyer Norman Gash. The property had previously been needed for construction of the Spadina Expressway, which was cancelled in 1971. Since it was still planned to build the subway on its original route along the course of the expressway, the site was subsequently acquired by Metropolitan Toronto in 1972, with the intention of replacing it with a new station building. Local protest forced the TTC to repurpose the old building, thereby retaining the residential character of the neighbourhood.[5][6] Opposite the house, on the west side of Spadina Road at Kendal Avenue, there is an uncovered stairwell entrance to the station mezzanine. There are northbound and southbound bus stops outside the entrances.

Barren Ground Caribou

This building includes two large artworks:[2] "Morning Glory" by Louis de Niverville, a surreal enamel mural sited on the ground level by the stairwell; and "Barren Ground Caribou" by Joyce Wieland, a huge quilt[7] featuring caribou in a tundra landscape, located near the unmanned turnstile on the concourse level below.

Subway infrastructure in the vicinity[edit]

This section of the Bloor line was constructed by cut and cover on a strip of land behind the properties fronting on the north side of Bloor Street. The tracks run east from here to the lower level of St. George station. Between the stations connecting tracks from the Bloor line rise on each side to the upper level of St. George station, like exit ramps on a highway, providing a link with the University line.

The section of the Yonge–University–Spadina line at and between Dupont and Spadina stations was constructed under Spadina Road. South of the station the tunnel turns off-street and curves eastward through 90 degrees to run briefly parallel to Bloor Street before entering the upper level of St. George station.

Changing trains between the two subway lines at Spadina station is not recommended. It is much more convenient to transfer at neighbouring St. George, with one set of platforms being directly above the other and accessible via elevator.

Nearby landmarks[edit]

The station is located in The Annex neighbourhood at the northwest corner of the University of Toronto main campus. Destinations and nearby points of interest include the Spadina Road Branch of the Toronto Public Library, Native Canadian Centre of Toronto,[8] Miles Nadal Jewish Community Centre,[9] Bloor Street United Church, Trinity-St. Paul's United Church.

Surface connections[edit]

LRV 4403 at the streetcar platform

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Subway ridership, 2012-2013". Toronto Transit Commission. This table shows the typical number of customer-trips made on each subway on an average weekday and the typical number of customers travelling to and from each station platform on an average weekday. Five stations serve two subways, and so are listed twice, once for each subway 
  2. ^ a b Eli McIlveen (March 17, 2010). "Art on the TTC". Transit Toronto. Retrieved January 2012. 
  3. ^ Heritage Property Detail - 85 Spadina Rd.
  4. ^ "Ogilvie, Robert Mitchell". Biographical Dictionary of Architects in Canada. Retrieved January 2012. 
  5. ^ "Norman B. Gash House (Spadina Station Entrance), 85 Spadina Road". Heritage Toronto. Retrieved January 2012. 
  6. ^ Toronto's Historical Plaques: Norman B. Gash House
  7. ^ "Vistors to Toronto can see an example of her work by entering the Spadina subway station at 85 Spadina Road. The huge quilt titled "Barren Ground Caribou" which she produced in 1978 hangs there.". Joyce Wieland. Northernstars. Retrieved January 2012. 
  8. ^ Native Canadian Centre of Toronto, Contact Information
  9. ^ Miles Nadal Jewish Community Centre: How to reach us

External links[edit]

Media related to Spadina Station at Wikimedia Commons