Spain in the Eurovision Song Contest

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Spain
Flag
Member station RTVE
National selection events National Final (1961–1962, 1964–1965, 1969–1971, 1976, 2000–2005, 2007–present)
Internal Selection (1963–1964, 1966–1969, 1972–1975, 1977–1999, 2006, 2012–2013)
Appearances
Appearances 53
First appearance 1961
Best result 1st: 1968, 1969
Worst result Last: 1962, 1965, 1983, 1999
External links
TVE page
Spain's page at Eurovision.tv

Spain debuted in the Eurovision Song Contest in 1961, finishing 9th. Since 1999, Spain is one of the "Big Five" (along with France, Germany, the United Kingdom and Italy) and therefore automatically allowed to participate in the final because they are the five biggest financial contributors to the European Broadcasting Union.

Spain has won the contest twice, first in 1968 with the song "La, la, la" sung by Massiel and second one year later, when Salomé's "Vivo cantando" was involved in a four way tie with Lulu's "Boom Bang-a-Bang", representing the United Kingdom, Frida Boccara's "Un jour, un enfant", representing France, and Lennie Kuhr's "De troubadour"", representing the Netherlands. Spain has only hosted the contest once, in 1969, since lots were drawn after 1969's four way tie, and the contest was hosted by the Netherlands.

Spain has competed in the contest continuously since the country's debut in 1961, having already appeared in 52 consecutive contests. The only country with a longer run of uninterrupted Eurovision appearances is the United Kingdom, ever-present since 1959.

Spain was represented in the 50th anniversary special of Eurovision Congratulations by their 1973 entrants Mocedades, singing the song "Eres tú". The song had made it into the top 14 for the special after being selected in an online vote by the voting public across Europe.

Selection process[edit]

Between 1977 and 1999, Spain's entries were selected internally by TVE. Before that, internal selections and national contests, like Pasaporte a Dublín (Passport to Dublin) in 1971, were alternated.[1] From 2000, Spain has used various selection formats with different results. In 2000 and 2001, TVE organised a national preselection show called Eurocanción (Eurosong), where the Spanish representative was selected for the contest.[2] From 2002 to 2004, the reality show Operación Triunfo (the Spanish version of Star Academy) was used to select the entry, a format that renewed the Spanish audience's interest in the contest[3] and brought three top 10 results in a row, until TVE decided not to host any further editions of the show. In 2005, the national final Eurovisión 2005: Elige nuestra canción (Eurovision 2005: Choose Our Song) was organised, where the audience chose their favourite song among a pre-selection made by TVE of unknown artists submitted to them by record labels. The result in the Eurovision final was not good and for 2006, the selection was made internally for the first time since 1999, with a similar result. In 2007, Spain's entry was decided through the Misión Eurovisión 2007 show, with a disappointing result once again.

From 2008 to 2010, the Internet was the key element of the competitions used by TVE to select the Spanish entry. In 2008, the social networking website MySpace was involved in the national final Salvemos Eurovisión (Let's Save Eurovision). A website was created to make it possible for anyone to upload a song and proceed to a televised final if chosen by online voters or an expert jury. The result improved a little, but not much; nevertheless the interest of the Spanish audience was revived again.[3] For 2009, MySpace was still involved in the selection process Eurovisión 2009: El retorno (Eurovision 2009: The Return), although some changes were introduced in the format.[4] The result was the worst in the 2000s (decade): 24th place. In 2010, a similar format, Eurovisión: Destino Oslo, selected the Spanish entry, with the best result since 2004 (15th).[5]

In 2011, Internet voting was scrapped from the new selection method Destino Eurovisión. After a further disappointing result (23rd), for 2012, TVE decided to approach an established act, Pastora Soler, and organise a national final to select her song.[6] A top ten result was achieved for the first time since 2004. The same procedure was repeated in 2013, with El Sueño de Morfeo as the established act, which turned out one of the most disappointing results (25th out of 26 entries) in the country's Eurovision history; some critics, however, blamed a less-than-stellar performance of an otherwise solid song.[7]

Spain and the "Big Five"[edit]

Since 1999, four particular countries have automatically qualified for the Eurovision final, regardless of their positions on the scoreboard in previous Contests.[8] They earned this special status by being the four biggest financial contributors to the EBU (without which the production of the Eurovision Song Contest would not be possible). These countries are the United Kingdom, Germany, France and Spain. Due to their untouchable status in the Contest, these countries became known as the "Big Four". Italy returned to the contest in 2011, thus becoming part of a "Big Five".[9]

Interrupted performances[edit]

Only three times in the contest's history has a non-winning entry been allowed to perform again, and in two of these instances, the entries in question were Spanish representatives (the other one being the Italian entry in 1958, "Nel blu dipinto di blu" by Domenico Modugno). The first time this happened to a Spanish representative was in the 1990 contest in Zagreb, when Azúcar Moreno opened the contest with the song "Bandido." The orchestra and the recorded playback began the song out of sync, which caused the singers to miss their cue. The singers left the stage after a few seconds, and no explanation was given at the time. After a few uneasy moments, the music began correctly and the song was performed in full. Azúcar Moreno and "Bandido" went on to place fifth in the final vote tally, though the juries at the time actually awarded their points after watching the dress rehearsal performances, so the restart did not affect Spain's overall result either positively or negatively.

Twenty years later, at the 2010 contest in Oslo, Spain was drawn to perform second in the running order, and singer Daniel Diges's performance of "Algo pequeñito" was disturbed by notorious pitch invader Jimmy Jump. However, Diges performed the song in full, despite the invader's intrusion and subsequent removal from the stage by security personnel, receiving warm applause for continuing from the spectators at the Telenor Arena. After the exhibition of Serbia, co-presenter Nadia Hasnaoui announced that, according to the rules, Diges would be given a second chance once all the remaining countries had performed. Nonetheless, the juries ranked the dress-rehearsal performance of "Algo pequeñito" 20th out of 25 with 43 points, whereas the televoting results ranked Spain 12th, with 106 points. The combination of jury and televote results gave Spain a 15th-place.

Contestants[edit]

Table key

     Winner
     Second place
     Third place
     Last place
     Automatically qualified to the final
     Did not qualify for the final
Year Artist Language Title Final Points Semi Points
1961 Conchita Bautista Spanish "Estando contigo"
(Being with You)
9 8 No semi-finals
1962 Victor Balaguer Spanish "Llámame"
(Call me)
13 0
1963 José Guardiola Spanish "Algo prodigioso"
(Something Wonderful)
12 2
1964 Nelly, Tim & Tony Spanish "Caracola"
(Seashell)
12 1
1965 Conchita Bautista Spanish "Qué bueno, qué bueno"
(So Good, So Good)
15 0
1966 Raphael Spanish "Yo soy aquél"
(I Am That One)
7 9
1967 Spanish "Hablemos del amor"
(Let's Talk About Love)
6 9
1968 Massiel Spanish "La, la, la" 1 29
1969 Salomé Spanish "Vivo cantando"
(I Live Singing)
1 18
1970 Julio Iglesias Spanish "Gwendolyne" 4 8
1971 Karina Spanish "En un mundo nuevo"
(In a New World)
2 116
1972 Jaime Morey Spanish "Amanece"
(It's Dawning)
10 83
1973 Mocedades Spanish "Eres tú"
(It's You)
2 125
1974 Peret Spanish "Canta y sé feliz"
(Sing and Be Happy)
9 10
1975 Sergio y Estíbaliz Spanish "Tú volverás"
(You Will Return)
10 53
1976 Braulio Spanish "Sobran las palabras"
(You Don't Need Words)
16 11
1977 Micky Spanish "Enséñame a cantar"
(Teach Me How to Sing)
9 52
1978 José Vélez Spanish, French "Bailemos un vals"
(Let's Waltz)
9 65
1979 Betty Missiego Spanish "Su canción"
(Your Song)
2 116
1980 Trigo Limpio Spanish "Quédate esta noche"
(Stay this Night)
12 38
1981 Bacchelli Spanish "Y sólo tú"
(And Only You)
14 38
1982 Lucía Spanish "Él"
(He)
10 52
1983 Remedios Amaya Spanish "¿Quién maneja mi barca?"
(Who's Steering my Boat?)
19 0
1984 Bravo Spanish "Lady, Lady" 3 106
1985 Paloma San Basilio Spanish "La fiesta terminó"
(The Party is Over)
14 36
1986 Cadillac Spanish "Valentino" 10 51
1987 Patricia Kraus Spanish "No estás solo"
(You Are Not Alone)
19 10
1988 La Década Prodigiosa Spanish, English "La chica que yo quiero"
(The Girl That I Love)
11 58
1989 Nina Spanish "Nacida para amar"
(Born to Love)
6 88
1990 Azúcar Moreno Spanish "Bandido"
(Bandit)
5 96
1991 Sergio Dalma Spanish "Bailar pegados"
(Dancing Closely)
4 119
1992 Serafín Zubiri Spanish "Todo esto es la música"
(All of This is Music)
14 37
1993 Eva Santamaría Spanish "Hombres"
(Men)
11 58
Participated previous year
1994 Alejandro Abad Spanish "Ella no es ella"
(She's not Her)
18 17 No semi-finals
1995 Anabel Conde Spanish "Vuelve conmigo"
(Come Back to Me)
2 119
1996 Antonio Carbonell Spanish "¡Ay, qué deseo!"
(Oh, Such Desire!)
20 17 14 43
1997 Marcos Llunas Spanish "Sin rencor"
(No Ill Feelings)
6 96 No semi-finals
1998 Mikel Herzog Spanish "¿Qué voy a hacer sin ti?"
(What Will I Do Without You?)
16 21
1999 Lydia Spanish "No quiero escuchar"
(I Don't Want to Listen)
23 1
2000 Serafín Zubiri Spanish "Colgado de un sueño"
(Hanging From a Dream)
18 18
2001 David Civera Spanish "Dile que la quiero"
(Tell Her I Love Her)
6 76
2002 Rosa Spanish, English "Europe's Living a Celebration" 7 81
2003 Beth Spanish "Dime"
(Tell Me)
8 81
2004 Ramón Spanish "Para llenarme de ti"
(To Get Filled With You)
10 87
Member of the "Big 4"
2005 Son de Sol Spanish "Brujería"
(Witchcraft)
21 28
2006 Las Ketchup Spanish "Un Blodymary"
(A Bloody Mary)
21 18
2007 D'NASH Spanish, English "I Love You Mi Vida"
(I Love You My life)
20 43
2008 Rodolfo Chikilicuatre Spanish, English "Baila el Chiki-chiki"
(Dance the Chicki-Chicki)
16 55
2009 Soraya Arnelas Spanish, English "La noche es para mí"
(The Night Is For Me)
24 23
2010 Daniel Diges Spanish "Algo pequeñito"
(Something Tiny)
15 68
2011 Lucía Pérez Spanish "Que me quiten lo bailao"
(They Can't Take the Fun Away from Me)
23 50
Member of the "Big 5"
2012 Pastora Soler Spanish "Quédate conmigo"
(Stay With Me)
10 97
2013 El Sueño de Morfeo Spanish "Contigo hasta el final"
(With You Until the End)
25 8
2014 Ruth Lorenzo English, Spanish "Dancing in the Rain"

Voting history[edit]

As of 2013, Spain's voting history is as follows:

12 points[edit]

Table key

     Winner – Spain gave 12 points to a winning song / Spain won the contest.
     Second place – Spain gave 12 points to a runner-up song / Spain was runner-up in contest.
     Third place – Spain gave 12 points to a third place song / Spain came third in the contest.
     Qualified – Spain gave 12 points to a song that qualified to the Grand Finals / Spain qualified to the Grand Finals.
     Non-qualified – Spain gave 12 points to a song that did not qualify to the Grand Finals / Spain did not qualify to the Grand Finals.
Year Given Received
Final Semi Final Semi
1975  Netherlands No semi-finals
None
No semi-finals
1976  United Kingdom
None
1977  Greece
None
1978  Luxembourg  Denmark
1979  Germany  Belgium
 Germany
 Italy
  Switzerland
1980  Germany
None
1981  Germany
None
1982  Germany
None
1983  Greece
None
1984  Italy  Portugal
 Turkey
1985  Italy  Turkey
1986  Ireland
None
1987  Italy
None
1988  Ireland
None
1989  Italy
None
1990  Italy  Germany
1991  Israel  Cyprus
  Switzerland
1992  Malta
None
1993  Portugal None1
None
Did not Participate
1994  Portugal No semi-finals
None
No semi-finals
1995  Croatia  Belgium
 Israel
1996  Belgium Unknown2
None
Unknown2
1997  Turkey No semi-finals  Malta No semi-finals
1998  Germany
None
1999  Croatia
None
2000  Germany
None
2001  Greece  Israel
2002  Latvia  Belgium
 France
  Switzerland
2003  Belgium  Israel
 Portugal
2004  Germany  Andorra  Andorra
 Portugal
Member of the "Big 4"
2005  Romania  Romania  Andorra
2006  Romania  Armenia  Andorra
2007  Romania  Andorra  Albania
2008  Romania  Andorra  Andorra
2009  Norway  Norway  Andorra
2010  Germany  Portugal  Portugal
2011  Italy  Iceland  France
 Portugal
Member of the "Big 5"
2012  Sweden  Romania  Portugal
2013  Italy  Norway
None

1 Spain was illegible to vote at the 1993 pre-qualifying round, as voting was restricted to countries taking part in the pre-qualifying round.
2 The voting for the 1996 pre-qualifying round is unknown to date.

Hostings[edit]

Year Location Venue Presenter
1969 Spain Madrid Teatro Real Laura Valenzuela

Marcel Bezençon Awards[edit]

Fan Award

Year Performer Song Final
Result
Points Host city
2003 Beth "Dime" 8th 81 Riga

Commentators and spokespersons[edit]

Since the 1969 Contest TVE commentary was provided by television presenter José Luis Uribarri. With the exceptions of 1971–1973, 1977–1991, 2004–2007 and 2009. Uribarri provided the coverage for the contest on 19 occasions between the 1969 and 2010 Contest and was regarded as "the voice of Eurovision". It was confirmed on 8 February 2011 that Uribarri would not return to commentate on the 2011 Contest and on 2 March 2011 it was announced that television and radio presenter José María Íñigo would fulfill the role as Spanish commentator.

Year(s) Commentator Spokesperson
1961 Federico Gallo Diego Ramírez Pastor
1962
1963 Julio Rico
1964
1965 Pepe Palau
1966 Blanca Álvarez
1967
1968 Joaquín Prat
1969 José Luis Uribarri
1970
1971 Joaquín Prat No spokesperson
1972 Julio Rico
1973
1974 José Luis Uribarri Antolín García
1975 José María Íñigo
1976
1977 Miguel de los Santos Isabel Tenaille
1978 Matías Prats Luque
1979 Manuel Almendros
1980 Alfonso Lapeña
1981 Isabel Tenaille
1982 Marisa Naranjo
1983 José-Miguel Ullán Rosa Campano
1984 Matilde Jarrín
1985 Antonio Gómez
1986
1987 Beatriz Pécker
1988
1989 Tomás Fernando Flores
1990 Luis Cobos
1991 Tomás Fernando Flores María Ángeles Balañac
1992 José Luis Uribarri
1993
1994
1995 Belén Fernández de Henestrosa
1996
1997
1998
1999 Hugo de Campos
2000
2001 Jennifer Rope
2002 Anne Igartiburu
2003
2004 Beatriz Pécker
2005 Ainhoa Arbizu
2006 Sonia Ferrer
2007 Ainhoa Arbizu
2008 José Luis Uribarri
2009 Joaquín Guzmán Iñaki del Moral
2010 José Luis Uribarri Ainhoa Arbizu
2011 José María Íñigo Elena S. Sánchez
2012
2013 Inés Paz
2014 TBA

Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest[edit]

Artist Title Place Points Year Place Points
Mocedades "Eres tú" 11 90 1973 2 125

Photogallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ del Amor Caballero, Reyes (4 May 2004). "Preselecciones españolas para Eurovisión, primera parte" (in Spanish). eurovision-spain.com. 
  2. ^ del Amor Caballero, Reyes (20 May 2004). "Segunda parte de las preselecciones españolas, 1970–2004" (in Spanish). eurovision-spain.com. Retrieved 1 March 2008. 
  3. ^ a b "Eurovisión pierde más de 4 millones de espectadores" (in Spanish). FormulaTV.com. 18 May 2009. 
  4. ^ "TVE comienza este lunes la selección para Eurovisión" (in Spanish). vertele.com. 20 November 2008. 
  5. ^ M. Escudero, Victor (27 November 2009). "Spain: TVE calls for entries for Oslo". European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 19 January 2010. 
  6. ^ "Pastora Soler representará a España en Eurovisión 2012 en Bakú". RTVE.es (in Spanish). RTVE. 21 December 2011. Retrieved 21 December 2011. 
  7. ^ "Las claves de la derrota de España en Eurovisión". EuropaPress. 20 May 2013. Retrieved 12 June 2013. 
  8. ^ O'Connor, John Kennedy (2005). The Eurovision Song Contest 50 Years The Official History. London: Carlton Books Limited. ISBN 1-84442-586-X. 
  9. ^ Fulton, Rick (14 May 2007). "The East V West Song Contest". Daily Record. Retrieved 24 May 2009. 

External links[edit]