Spain participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2001 with an entry selected through a national preselection called Eurocanción 2001, hosted from Madrid by Jennifer Rope and Sandra Morey. David Civera with the song "Dile que la quiero", composed by Alejandro Abad (Spanish entrant in 1994), was chosen to represent Spain. At Eurovision, David Civera finished sixth with 76 points.
About 2,000 songs were submitted to the national broadcaster TVE, and 20 were selected to participate in the final. To decide the winner, a jury composed of 9 members awarded points in the Eurovision style (12, 10, 8-1 points); then the televoting results of the Spanish public were added, making up the 25% of the total.