Spanish Air Force Order of Battle

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Location of Air Bases in Spain

The order of battle of the Spanish Air Force are the separate parts or sections of the air arm as a whole, divided in order to improve military coordination. The Air Force is under the command of the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, General José Jiménez Ruiz, and is structured in:

  • General Headquarters (Cuartel General)
  • Air Force (Fuerza Aérea)
  • Air Force Support (Apoyo a la Fuerza)[1]

Historical background[edit]

The present-day command structure of the Spanish Air Force issued from a Government decree dated 2d October 1935 of the Spanish Republican Government that placed the Dirección General de Aeronáutica under the authority of a specific ministry, known then as the War Ministry, Ministerio de la Guerra, instead of being under the Presidencia del Gobierno. Following that decree, the Air Force regional units became restructured in 1936. Accordingly, the Spanish Navy-based Escuadra model was replaced by Región Militar divisions which are still operative today.[2] Nowadays the Spanish Air Force is still under a separate ministry, the Ministerio de Defensa.

After the Spanish Civil War the bulk of the Spanish Armed Forces changes were introduced within the regional structure, following which all relevant air bases would be withdrawn from Catalonia, a former key region in the development of the Aeronáutica Militar, the Spanish Air Force in its early days. Even though before and during the Civil War important air bases had been established in or around Barcelona, like the Aviación Naval, henceforward the whole northeastern area of Spain would be left with mere token presence of the Spanish Air Force. The situation is similar in the Basque Country as well, with the difference that there had not been any important air bases there before the conflict that shaped the present structure. While Galicia has no significant Air Force Base within its territory, it has nevertheless a very important Naval Base at El Ferrol.[3]

The Air Regions and their Command centres after the changes introduced during the Spanish State dictatorship became the following:

MACEN[edit]

Mando Aéreo del Centro Madrid[edit]

Madrid-Torrejón Air Base (LETO)
Rwy 05/23
40° 29' 12.502N 3° 27' 29.902W
Elev: 1994 ft.
Ala/Grupo
(Wing/Group)
Escuadrón
(Squadron)
Aircraft Type Codes

Ala12/Gr.12
121 Esc.
122 Esc.
F/A-18 Hornet
F/A-18 Hornet
12-01
12-70

Grupo 43
431 Esc.
432 Esc.
Canadair CL-215
Canadair CL-215
43-01
43-01

Grupo 45
451 Esc.
452 Esc.
Airbus A310
Dassault Falcon 900
45-50
45-40

Grupo Mixto 47
471 Esc.
472 Esc.
Boeing 707 Transport
Boeing 707 Tanker
CASA C.212 Aviocar
Dassault Falcon 20
47-01
47-02
47-11
47-21

CLAEX/Grupo 54
541 Esc. CASA C.212 Aviocar
CASA C-101
54-11
54-20

Centro de Inteligencia
Aérea
408 Esc. CASA C.212 Aviocar
Dassault Falcon 20
Boeing 707 Transport
408-01
408-11
408-21
Madrid-Getafe Air Base (LEGT)
Rwy 05/23
40° 17' 38.900N 3° 43' 25.799W
Elev: 2029 ft.
Ala/Grupo
(Wing/Group)
Escuadrón
(Squadron)
Aircraft Type Codes

Ala 35
351 Esc.
352 Esc.
353 Esc.
CASA CN-235
CASA CN-235
CASA C-295
35-21
35-60
35-40

Grupo 42
421 Esc.
422 Esc.
No aircraft assigned
Beechcraft Bonanza
Beechcraft Bonanza
-
42-01
42-30
Madrid-Cuatro Vientos Air Base (LECU)
Rwy 10R/28L, 10L/28R
40° 22' 14.200 N 3° 47' 6.518 W
Elev: 3.322 ft.
Ala/Grupo
(Wing/Group)
Escuadrón
(Squadron)
Aircraft Type Codes

Ala 48
402 Esc.
803 Esc.
Aérospatiale Puma
Eurocopter Cougar
CASA C.212 Aviocar
Aérospatiale Puma
402-10
402-24
803-..

Centro Cartográfico
y Fotográfico
403 Esc. CASA C.212 Aviocar
Cessna Citation V
403-01
403-11
Salamanca-Matacán Air Base (LESA)
Rwy 03/21, 07/25
40° 57' 7.621N 5° 30' 7.150W
Elev: 2595 ft.
Ala/Grupo
(Wing/Group)
Escuadrón
(Squadron)
Aircraft Type Codes

Grupo
de Escuelas
de Matacán
741 Esc.
744 Esc.
CASA C-101
CASA C.212 Aviocar
74-01
74-70
Valladolid-Villanubla Air Base (LEVD)
Rwy 05/23, 15/33
41° 42' 21.600 N 4° 51' 6.700 W
Elev: 2787 ft.
Ala/Grupo
(Wing/Group)
Escuadrón
(Squadron)
Aircraft Type Codes

Ala 37
371 Esc.
372 Esc.
CASA C.212 Aviocar
CASA C.212 Aviocar
37-01
37-60

MAEST[edit]

Mando Aéreo del Estrecho[edit]

Albacete-Los Llanos Air Base (LEAB)
Rwy 07/25, 15/33
38° 56' 55.000N 1° 51' 49.000 W
Elev: 2303 ft.
Ala/Grupo
(Wing/Group)
Escuadrón
(Squadron)
Aircraft Type Codes

Ala 14
141 Esc.
142 Esc.
Dassault Mirage F1
Eurofighter Typhoon
14-01
-
Seville-Morón Air Base (LEMO)
Rwy 02/20
37° 10' 29.701 N 5° 36' 57.398 W
Elev: 287 ft.
Ala/Grupo
(Wing/Group)
Escuadrón
(Squadron)
Aircraft Type Codes

Ala 11
111 Esc.
113 Esc.
Eurofighter Typhoon
Eurofighter Typhoon
-
-
11-01

Ala 22
221 Esc. Lockheed P-3 Orion 22-21
Badajoz - Talavera la Real Air Base (LEBZ)
Rwy 13/31
38° 53' 25.001N 6° 49' 17.000W
Elev: 607 ft.
Ala/Grupo
(Wing/Group)
Escuadrón
(Squadron)
Aircraft Type Codes

Ala 23
231 Esc.
232 Esc.
Northrop F-5
Northrop F-5
23-01
23-01
Murcia-Alcantarilla Air Base (LERI)
Rwy 07/25
37° 57' 4.000 N 1° 13' 49.199 W
Elev: 244 ft.
Ala/Grupo
(Wing/Group)
Escuadrón
(Squadron)
Aircraft Type Codes
721 Esc. CASA C.212 Aviocar 72-01
721 Esc. is also known as Escuela Militar de Paracaidismo (EMP) (Paratroop school).
Granada - Armilla Air Base (LEGA)
Rwy 18/38
37° 7' 59.599 N 3° 38' 8.498 W
Elev: 2250 ft.
Ala/Grupo
(Wing/Group)
Escuadrón
(Squadron)
Aircraft Type Codes

Ala 78
781 Esc.
782 Esc.
Sikorsky S-76
EC 120 Colibri
78-01
78-30
Murcia - San Javier Air Base (LELC)
Rwy 05/23, 14/32
37° 46' 29.899 N 0° 48' 44.600 W
Elev: 11 ft.
Ala/Grupo
(Wing/Group)
Escuadrón
(Squadron)
Aircraft Type Codes

Ala 79
AGA
Escuela
Elemental
(791 Esc.)
Escuela
Basica
(793 Esc.)
Escuela
Navegación
(792 Esc.)
Patrulla
Aguila
(794 Esc.)
T-35C
Do 27
CASA C-101
CASA C.212 Aviocar
CASA C-101
79-50
79-111
79-01
79-92
79-01

MALEV[edit]

Mando Aéreo de Levante Zaragoza[edit]

Zaragoza Air Base (LEZG)
Rwy 12L/30R, 12R/30L
41° 39' 58.471 N 1° 2' 30.001W
Elev: 863 ft.
Ala/Grupo
(Wing/Group)
Escuadrón
(Squadron)
Aircraft Type Codes

Ala 15
151 Esc.
152 Esc.
153 Esc.
McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet
McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet
McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet
15-01
15-01
15-01

Grupo 31
311 Esc.
312 Esc.
Lockheed C-130 Hercules
Lockheed C-130 Hercules
31-01
31-50
Mallorca - Son San Juan Air Base (LESJ)
Rwy 06L/24R, 06C/24C, 06R/24L
39° 33' 6.030 N 2° 44' 19.709 E
Elev: 32 ft.
Ala/Grupo
(Wing/Group)
Escuadrón
(Squadron)
Aircraft Type Codes
- 801 Esc. CASA C.212 Aviocar
Aérospatiale Puma

MACAN[edit]

Mando Aéreo de Canarias Las Palmas de Gran Canaria[edit]

Las Palmas - Gando Air Base (LELP)
Rwy 03L/21R, 03R/21L
27° 55' 49.001 N 15° 23' 4.999 W
Elev: 77 ft.
Ala/Grupo
(Wing/Group)
Escuadrón
(Squadron)
Aircraft Type Codes

Ala 46
462 Esc.
802 Esc.
McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet
Eurocopter Cougar
Fokker F27 Maritime
46-01
-
802-10

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]