Spanish Grand Prix

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This article is about the Formula One race. For other uses, see Spanish Grand Prix (disambiguation).
Spanish Grand Prix
Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya
Catalunya.svg
Race information
Laps 66
Circuit length 4.655 km (2.892 mi)
Race length 307.104 km (190.825 mi)
Number of times held 54
First held 1913
Most wins (drivers) Germany Michael Schumacher (6)
Most wins (constructors) Italy Ferrari (12)
Last race (2014)
Pole position
Podium
Fastest lap

The Spanish Grand Prix (Spanish: Gran Premio de España, Catalan: Gran Premi d'Espanya) is a Formula One race currently held at the Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya in Barcelona. The race is one of the oldest in the world still contested, celebrating its centenary in 2013. The race had modest beginnings as a production car race. Interrupted by the First World War, the race waited a decade for its second running before becoming a staple of the European calendar. It was promoted to the European Championship in 1935 before the Spanish Civil War brought an end to racing. The race was successfully revived in 1967 and has been a regular part of the Formula One World Championship since 1968 at a variety of venues.

History[edit]

Origins and Pre-Wars[edit]

The first Spanish Grand Prix in 1913 was not actually run to the Grand Prix formula of the day, but to touring car rules, taking place on a 300-kilometre road circuit at Guadarrama, near Madrid, on the road to Valladolid.

Motor racing events had taken place in Spain prior to that—the most notable among them being the Catalan Cup of 1908 and 1909, on roads around Sitges, near Barcelona. Both of these events were won by Jules Goux, helping to establish a strong racing tradition in Spain, which has continued to this day. This enthusiasm for racing led to the plan to build a permanent track at Sitges—a 2-kilometre (1.2 mi) oval that became known as Sitges-Terramar, and was the site of the 1923 Spanish Grand Prix.

Lasarte (1926–1935)[edit]

After this first race, the track fell into financial difficulties, and the organisers had to look for another venue. In 1926, the Spanish Grand Prix moved to the 11-mile Circuito Lasarte on the northern coast, home of the main race in Spain during the 1920s—the San Sebastián Grand Prix. The 1927 Spanish Grand Prix was part of the AIACR World Manufacturers' Championship, but the race was still not established and in 1928 and 1929 was run to sports car regulations. The 1930 Spanish Grand Prix for sports cars, scheduled for July 27, was cancelled due to the bad economic situation following the Wall Street crash in October 1929. The 1931 and 1932 Spanish Grands Prix were also announced, only to be cancelled due to political and economic difficulties. Finally, in 1933 the Spanish Grand Prix was revived at Lasarte with government backing. Following the 1935 race, Spain descended into civil war and racing stopped. In 1946, racing returned to Spain in the form of the Penya Rhin Grand Prix at the Pedralbes street circuit in Barcelona.

Formula One (1951–present)[edit]

Pedralbes (1951, 1954)[edit]

Spain did not return to the international calendar until 1951, joining the list of races of the Formula One championship at Pedralbes. Argentine Juan Manuel Fangio won his first world championship at the 1951 event in an Alfa Romeo while he took advantage of the improved works Ferrari's tire problems; and in 1954, Briton Mike Hawthorn stopped Mercedes's dominance by winning in a Ferrari. In 1955, the Spanish Grand Prix at Pedralbes was scheduled to take place, but a terrible accident at the 24 Hours of Le Mans that killed more than 80 people resulted in regulations governing spectator safety, and the scheduled Spanish Grand Prix (like many others) was cancelled that year, and the pedestrian-lined street track at Pedralbes was then never used again for motor racing.

Jarama & Montjuïc (1967–1975)[edit]

In the 1960s, Spain made a bid to return to the world of international motor racing—the Royal Automobile Club of Spain commissioned a new permanent racing circuit north of Madrid at Jarama, and the Spanish government refurbished the Montjuïc street circuit in Barcelona with safety upgrades. A non-championship Grand Prix took place at Jarama in 1967, which was won by Jim Clark racing in a Lotus F1 car.

In 1968, Jarama hosted the Spanish Grand Prix, near the beginning of the F1 season. It was agreed, following this event, that the race would alternate between the tight, slow and twisty Jarama and the fast, wide and sweeping Montjuic, and the Montjuic circuit hosted its first Formula One race in 1969, with Briton Jackie Stewart winning. Jarama would get the race in even-numbered years, and Montjuic in odd-numbered years. 1970 was a race that saw Belgian Jacky Ickx and Briton Jackie Oliver get involved in a fiery accident; with Ickx and Oliver escaping with burns. The race was won by Stewart, he won again the next year after holding off 3 more powerful 12-cylinder engined cars. Austrian Niki Lauda won his first of 25 races in 1974. The 1975 event was marked by tragedy. There had been concerns about track safety during practice races, as the Armco barriers surrounding the city streets of the Montjuic circuit had not been fastened down properly. There were a number of protests, and the drivers refused to race. The organizers panicked, and they threatened to lock the cars inside the stadium where they stayed while not being raced. The drivers and teams relented; but double-winner Emerson Fittipaldi retired in protest after a single lap. On the 26th lap of the race, Rolf Stommelen's car crashed when the rear wing broke off, killing four spectators. The race was stopped on the 29th lap and won by Jochen Mass, though only half the points were awarded.

Jarama (1976–1981)[edit]

After the tragic events at the dangerously fast and tight space of Montjuic, the Spanish Grand Prix was confined to Jarama. The 1976 race saw Briton James Hunt take advantage of Lauda's broken ribs in a tractor accident; he was then disqualified after his car was found to be 1.8 inches too wide. Hunt's McLaren team appealed the decision, and it was successful; Hunt was re-awarded the 9 points. 1977 and 1978 saw Mario Andretti dominate in his ground-effect Lotus 78. The 1980 race was of note, because before on the Friday morning of race weekend, FISA (the governing body that controlled Formula One at the time) president Jean-Marie Balestre announced that the Spanish Grand Prix would not be counted as a championship race, and none of the factory teams (Ferrari, Renault and Alfa Romeo) showed up to the event. and only the independent constructors belonging to FOCA competed. The race was won by Alan Jones in a Williams. 1981 was a race that Gilles Villeneuve in his ill-handling Ferrari held off 4 better-handling cars to take victory on the twisty and confined circuit; this is considered to be one of the greatest drives in all of motorsports. But the Spanish Grand Prix at Jarama was then also dropped from the racing calendar because the organizers seemed more interested in the golf course near the circuit, and also because of the narrow track, unpleasantly hot conditions and small crowd at that year's race; it would return in 1986.

Jerez (1986–1990)[edit]

In 1985, the Mayor of Jerez commissioned a new racing circuit in his town to promote tourism and sherries. The track, the Circuito Permanente de Jerez, was finished in time for the 1986 championship, which saw a furious battle between Ayrton Senna and Nigel Mansell, with the two cars finishing side by side. Senna won by 0.014 seconds—one of F1's closest finishes. 1987 saw Mansell win in his Williams; and 1989 saw Senna drive a hard race to keep himself in the championship points; he won the event from Austrian Gerhard Berger in a Ferrari and the Brazilian's hated McLaren teammate, Frenchman Alain Prost. The 1990 event was the last Spanish Grand Prix at Jerez (although Jerez did stage the European Grand Prix in 1994 and 1997). During the practice, Martin Donnelly's Lotus was destroyed in a high-speed crash, and the Briton was ejected from the car. He was severely injured, but survived; he never raced in Formula One again. Jerez's remote location did not help build large crowds for the race, combined with Donnelly's appalling crash into a concrete wall close to the track did nothing to help Jerez's reputation; although the circuit was popular with the F1 fraternity. Ferrari finished first and second in the race, with Prost finishing ahead of Mansell.

Catalunya (1991–present)[edit]

Work on the Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya was underway in Barcelona thanks to the support of the Spanish government, and in 1991, the event moved to this new track, where it has remained since. The 1992 event was advertised as the Grand Prix of the Olympic Games. Since that race the race has been held in early season, usually in late April or early May.

The Williams team dominated the first outings there, taking all victories until 1994. Michael Schumacher has won a total of six times, including his 1996 victory in heavy rain, which was his first for Ferrari. Mika Häkkinen took three victories and was on road for fourth in 2001 before his car failed on the last lap.

Since 2003 the race has been well attended thanks to success of Fernando Alonso. Alonso finished second in 2003 and 2005 before taking victory from pole in 2006. Alonso also finished third in 2007, with two further second places in 2010 and 2012, where he finished behind the Williams of Spanish speaking Pastor Maldonado, who won from pole; this was the first win and pole in a Grand Prix for a Venezulean driver and Williams' first win since the 2004 Brazilian Grand Prix and the team's first Spanish Grand Prix win and pole since 1997. Two Spanish drivers have won the Spanish Grand Prix; Carlos de Salamanca in 1923 and Alonso in 2006 and 2013, with Spanish speaking Juan Manuel Fangio winning in 1951 as well as Maldonado in 2012.

From 2013, the Spanish Grand Prix was supposed to alternate every year between the Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya in Barcelona and the Valencia Street Circuit in Valencia, Spain.[1] However, this did not happen—Valencia dropped out for financial reasons and Catalunya will once again be the sole host of the Spanish Grand Prix.[2]

Sponsors[edit]

  • 1981: Gran Premio Talbot de España
  • 1986–1992: Gran Premio Tío Pepe de España
  • 1993–2005: Gran Premio Marlboro de España
  • 2006–2010: Gran Premio de España Telefónica
  • 2011–2012: Gran Premio de España Santander
  • 2014: Gran Premio de España Pirelli

Winners of the Spanish Grand Prix[edit]

Multiple winners (drivers)[edit]

Embolded drivers are competing in the Formula One championship in the current season
A pink background indicates an event that was not part of the Formula One World Championship.

# Wins Driver Years Won
6 Germany Michael Schumacher 1995, 1996, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004
3 Monaco Louis Chiron 1928, 1929, 1933
United Kingdom Jackie Stewart 1969, 1970, 1971
United Kingdom Nigel Mansell 1987, 1991, 1992
France Alain Prost 1988, 1990, 1993
Finland Mika Häkkinen 1998, 1999, 2000
2 Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi 1972, 1973
United States Mario Andretti 1977, 1978
Brazil Ayrton Senna 1986, 1989
Finland Kimi Räikkönen 2005, 2008
Spain Fernando Alonso 2006, 2013

Multiple winners (constructors)[edit]

A pink background indicates an event that was not part of the Formula One World Championship.
A cream background indicates an event that was part of the pre-war European Championship.
Embolded teams are competing in the Formula One championship in the current season

# Wins Constructor Years Won[3]
12 Italy Ferrari 1954, 1974, 1981, 1990, 1996, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2008, 2013
8 United Kingdom McLaren 1975, 1976, 1988, 1989, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2005
United Kingdom Williams 1980, 1987, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1997, 2012
7 United Kingdom Lotus 1967, 1968, 1972, 1973, 1977, 1978, 1986
3 France Bugatti 1926, 1928, 1929
Germany Mercedes 1934, 1935, 2014
2 Austria Red Bull 2010, 2011

By year[edit]

Jerez, used 1986–1990
Jarama, used 1967–1981
Montjuïc, alternating with Jarama 1969–1975
Pedralbes, used in 1951 and 1954
A map of all the venues that hosted the Spanish Grand Prix.

Events that were not part of the Formula One World Championship are indicated by a pink background.
A cream background indicates an event that was part of the pre-war European Championship.

Year Driver Constructor Location Report
2014 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Mercedes Catalunya Report
2013 Spain Fernando Alonso Ferrari Report
2012 Venezuela Pastor Maldonado WilliamsRenault Report
2011 Germany Vettel, SebastianSebastian Vettel Red BullRenault Report
2010 Australia Webber, MarkMark Webber Red BullRenault Report
2009 United Kingdom Button, JensonJenson Button BrawnMercedes Report
2008 Finland Kimi Räikkönen Ferrari Report
2007 Brazil Felipe Massa Ferrari Report
2006 Spain Fernando Alonso Renault Report
2005 Finland Kimi Räikkönen McLarenMercedes Report
2004 Germany Michael Schumacher Ferrari Report
2003 Germany Michael Schumacher Ferrari Report
2002 Germany Michael Schumacher Ferrari Report
2001 Germany Michael Schumacher Ferrari Report
2000 Finland Mika Häkkinen McLarenMercedes Report
1999 Finland Mika Häkkinen McLarenMercedes Report
1998 Finland Mika Häkkinen McLarenMercedes Report
1997 Canada Jacques Villeneuve WilliamsRenault Report
1996 Germany Michael Schumacher Ferrari Report
1995 Germany Michael Schumacher BenettonRenault Report
1994 United Kingdom Damon Hill WilliamsRenault Report
1993 France Alain Prost WilliamsRenault Report
1992 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell WilliamsRenault Report
1991 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell WilliamsRenault Report
1990 France Alain Prost Ferrari Jerez Report
1989 Brazil Ayrton Senna McLarenHonda Report
1988 France Alain Prost McLarenHonda Report
1987 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell WilliamsHonda Report
1986 Brazil Ayrton Senna LotusRenault Report
1985

1982
Not held
1981 Canada Gilles Villeneuve Ferrari Jarama Report
1980 Australia Alan Jones WilliamsFord Report
1979 France Patrick Depailler LigierFord Report
1978 United States Mario Andretti LotusFord Report
1977 United States Mario Andretti LotusFord Report
1976 United Kingdom James Hunt McLarenFord Report
1975 Germany Jochen Mass McLarenFord Montjuïc Report
1974 Austria Niki Lauda Ferrari Jarama Report
1973 Brazil Émerson Fittipaldi LotusFord Montjuïc Report
1972 Brazil Émerson Fittipaldi LotusFord Jarama Report
1971 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart TyrrellFord Montjuïc Report
1970 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart MarchFord Jarama Report
1969 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart MatraFord Montjuïc Report
1968 United Kingdom Graham Hill LotusFord Jarama Report
1967 United Kingdom Jim Clark LotusCosworth Report
1966

1955
Not held
1954 United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn Ferrari Pedralbes Report
1953

1952
Not held
1951 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Alfa Romeo Pedralbes Report
1950

1936
Not held
1935 Nazi Germany Rudolf Caracciola Mercedes-Benz Lasarte Report
1934 Italy Luigi Fagioli Mercedes-Benz Lasarte Report
1933 Monaco Louis Chiron Alfa Romeo Report
1932

1931
Not held
1930 Italy Achille Varzi Maserati Lasarte Report
1929 Monaco Louis Chiron Bugatti Report *
1928 Monaco Louis Chiron Bugatti Report *
1927 France Robert Benoist Delage Report
1926 Italy Bartolomeo Costantini Bugatti Report
1925

1924
Not held
1923 France Albert Divo Sunbeam Sitges-Terramar Report
1922

1914
Not held
1913 Spain Carlos de Salamanca Rolls-Royce Guadarrama Report *

* Sports car race

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Valencia pays 2012 fee, Spain to alternate from 2013". MSN Sport. MSN Sport. 9 March 2012. Retrieved 9 March 2012. 
  2. ^ http://www.grandprix.com/ns/ns26562.html
  3. ^ Official Formula One website. "1950-Present race results archives". Retrieved 2006-08-23. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°34′9.9″N 2°15′26.9″E / 41.569417°N 2.257472°E / 41.569417; 2.257472