Spanish Guinea

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Spanish Territories of the Gulf of Guinea
Territorios Españoles del Golfo de Guinea
Spanish colony



Flag Coat of arms
Location of Spanish Guinea in central Africa.
Capital Santa Isabel (now Malabo)
Languages Spanish
Political structure Colony
 -  1962–1963 (last) Francisco Núñez Rodríguez
High Commissioner
 -  1963–1964 (first) Francisco Núñez Rodríguez
 -  1966–1968 (last) Víctor Suances Díaz del Río
Historical era 20th century
 -  Established 11 August 1926
 -  Independence 12 October 1968
Currency Spanish Guinea peseta
Coat of arms of the Spanish Río Muni colony.

Spanish Guinea (Spanish: Guinea Española) was a Spanish colony in Africa that became the independent nation of Equatorial Guinea.


The population of the colony was stratified[1] as:

  1. Whites, whose immigration was regulated by the Spanish government.
  2. Emancipados, black population assimilated to the whites. They had a Christian Spanish education. Some of them descended from freed Cuban slaves, brought to Africa by Royal Orders of September 13, 1845 (voluntary), and June 20, 1861 (deportation). This group included mestizos (mulattoes) acknowledged by a white father.[2]
  3. "Individuals of colour" under patronage, the majority of the black indigenous people, of different ethnic groups, mostly Bantus. They were not allowed to own property and were liable to forced labour. They included unacknowleged mestizos.
  4. Others (Nigerian, Cameroonian, Chinese, Indian).


  1. ^ Anuario del Instituto Cervantes (2005). Panorama de la literatura en español en Guinea Ecuatorial, Justo Bolekia Boleká, Introducción histórica
  2. ^ Espacio, Tiempo y Forma, Serie V, Hª Contemporánea, t. 11, 1998, págs. 113-138, Penología e indigenismo en la antigua Guinea española, Pedro María Belmonte Medina

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 1°35′N 10°21′E / 1.583°N 10.350°E / 1.583; 10.350