Spanish cruiser Canarias
|Laid down:||15 August 1928|
|Launched:||28 May 1931|
|Decommissioned:||17 December 1975|
|Class & type:||Canarias-class heavy cruiser|
|Displacement:||10,670 long tons (10,840 t) standard
13,500 long tons (13,700 t) full load
|Length:||636 ft (194 m)|
|Beam:||64 ft (20 m)|
|Draught:||21 ft 5 in (6.53 m)|
|Propulsion:||4 shafts, Parsons type geared turbines, * Yarrow type boilers, 90,000 hp|
|Speed:||33 knots (61 km/h)|
|Range:||8,000 nmi (15,000 km) at 15 kn (28 km/h)|
|Armament:||• 8 × BL 8" (203 mm L/50) Mk.VIII guns in four twin turrets
• 8 × 4.7-inch (120 mm) guns
|Armour:||Belt 2 inch, 1.5 - 1 inch deck, 4 inch box around magazines, 1 inch turret , 1 inch conning tower|
||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (November 2010)|
Canarias was a heavy cruiser of the Spanish Navy. She was designed in the United Kingdom and was a modified version of the Royal Navy's County-class cruiser. She was built in Spain by the Vickers-Armstrongs subsidiary Sociedad Española de Construcción Naval. She saw service during the Spanish Civil War.
Canarias was the flagship of the Nationalist Navy and sank 34 ships including the Spanish Republican Navy destroyer Almirante Ferrándiz during the battle of Cape Espartel, and the Soviet merchant Komsomol off Oran, both in the second half of 1936. Canarias was the main player of the battle of Cape Machichaco on 5 March 1937, when the Basque Auxiliary Navy naval trawler Nabarra was destroyed. She also damaged the destroyer Jose Luis Díez forcing her to seek refuge at Gibraltar on 29 August 1938. Canarias captured the Republican liner Mar Cantábrico, which was later converted to an auxiliary cruiser. During World War II she took part in the search of survivors from the German battleship Bismarck in May 1941.
She remained in commission (due to several repair and refit periods) as the fleet flagship throughout her career. A major refit was planned for her around 1973 to further extend her life, but a survey of her condition (conducted with help of US Navy personnel) concluded she was too old and obsolete to warrant the work. She was decommissioned in 1975 and then sold for scrap in 1977, but was able to steam on her own power to the scrapyard.
- Beevor 2000, p. 118.
- Los bacaladeros vascos y el combate del Cabo Machichaco (Spanish)
-  (Spanish)
- Beevor, Antony (2000) . The Spanish Civil War. London: Cassell. ISBN 0-304-35281-0.
- Gardiner, Robert and Roger Chesneau. Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1922–1946. London: Conway Maritime Press, 1980. ISBN 0-85177-146-7.
- Gardiner, Robert and Stephen Chumbley. Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1947–1995. Annapolis, Maryland, USA, 1995. ISBN 1-55750-132-7.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Spanish cruiser Canarias.|
- Canarias, Adiós by Willard C. Frank, Jr. (1975)
- Decomissioning ceremony of spanish cruiser Canarias (Youtube)