Spanish destroyer Almirante Ferrándiz

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Career (Spain)
Name: Almirante Ferrandiz
Namesake: José Ferrándiz y Niño
Builder: SECN, Naval Dockyard, Cartagena, Spain
Completed: 1929
Commissioned: 1929
Decommissioned: 1936
Fate: 1936 sunk by the Spanish nationalist cruiser Canarias
General characteristics
Class & type: Churruca class destroyer
Type: Destroyer
Displacement: 1,650 tons (normal); 2,067 tons (maximum)
Length: 101.00 m
Beam: 9.60 m
Height: 6,02
Draught: 3,30 m
Propulsion: 2 Parsons turbines.
4 Yarrow boilers
42.000 horsepower (31 MW)
Speed: 36 knots (67 km/h)
Range: 5000 nautical miles (9,260 km) at 10 knots (19 km/h)
3,100 nautixcal miles (4,500 nautical miles) at 14 knots (26 km/h)
Complement: 160
Armament: 5x120 mm (4.7 in) L45 (5x1)
1x3-inch (76.2-mm) antiaircraft gun
4 machineguns
6x21 in (533 mm) torpedo tubes (2x3)
2 depth charge racks

Almirante Ferrándiz was a Churruca-class destroyer in the Spanish Republican Navy. She took part in the Spanish Civil War on the government side.

She was named in honor of José Ferrándiz y Niño, a Spanish Admiral and former Navy Minister.

History[edit]

Almirante Ferrándiz took part in the Gibraltar Strait blockade. When a Republican squadron penetrated the Cantabrian Sea to relieve Republican toops isolated in the North, she remained in the strait with Gravina to stop any movement of Nationalist troops between Africa and the Iberian peninsula.

In response, the nationalist heavy cruiser Canarias (which Republicans believed had been damaged by a bomb) and light cruiser Almirante Cervera were sent to break the blockade.

On 29 September 1936, at the Battle of Cape Espartel, Canarias opened fire from 16 km (8.5 nm), and hit Almirante Ferrándiz with her second salvo. Ferrándiz continued sailing away from Canarias, but the heavy cruiser struck her again with a third salvo, at 20 km (10.8 nm). The destroyer took a total of six hits from the Canarias' 200 mm (8") main armament and sank 33 km (18 nm) off Calaburras with most of her crew. Canarias stopped to rescue 31 sailors from Almirante Ferrándiz and authorized a French merchantman to pick up others.

References[edit]

  • Dionisio García Flórez. Buques de la Guerra Civil Española. Destructores” (Spanish Civil War Ships, destroyers) (in spanish). Library. ISBN 84-932284-7-8. 
  • Alejandro Ramírez (2003). La Batalla del Estrecho (The battle in the strait) (in spanish). Grupo Publicaciones del Sur. ISBN 84-95813-09-2. 
  • Hugh Thomas (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Modern Library. ISBN 0-375-75515-2. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°14′47″N 4°38′30″W / 36.24639°N 4.64167°W / 36.24639; -4.64167