Spanish destroyer Sánchez Barcáiztegui
Destroyer Sánchez Barcaiztegui
|Namesake:||Victoriano Sánchez Barcáiztegui|
|Builder:||SECN, Naval Dockyard, Cartagena, Spain|
|Decommissioned:||1 July 1964|
|Distintivo de Madrid 1938|
|Fate:||Scrapped in 1965|
|Class and type:||Churruca-class destroyer|
|Displacement:||1,650 t (1,620 long tons) (normal); 2,067 t (2,034 long tons) (maximum)|
|Length:||101 m (331 ft 4 in)|
|Beam:||9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)|
|Height:||6.02 m (19 ft 9 in)|
|Draft:||3.3 m (10 ft 10 in)|
|Installed power:||42,000 shp (31,000 kW)|
|Propulsion:||2 × Parsons geared steam turbines
4 × Yarrow boilers
2 × shafts
|Speed:||36 kn (67 km/h; 41 mph)|
|Range:||5,000 nmi (9,300 km; 5,800 mi) at 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph)
3,100 nmi (5,700 km; 3,600 mi) at 14 kn (26 km/h; 16 mph)
|Armament:||5 × 120 mm (4.7 in) L45 guns (5x1)
1 × 76.2 mm (3 in) anti-aircraft gun
4 × machine guns
6 × 533 mm (21 in) torpedo tubes (2x3)
2 × depth charge racks
She was named in honor of Victoriano Sánchez Barcáiztegui, a Spanish Navy Teniente de Navío (lieutenant) who took part in the Battle of Callao and was killed in action in the Battle of Motrico during the Third Carlist War.
Pre-Spanish Civil War
Barcáiztegui was launched in Cartagena, Spain in 1926 and commissioned in 1928. She was anchored in Barcelona harbor in 1934, during which time she served as the prison for Manuel Azaña after the Asturian uprising.
Spanish Civil War
Sánchez Barcáiztegui took first part in the blockade of the Gibraltar Strait, then joined a Spanish Republican Navy task force led by the battleship Jaime I that included cruisers Libertad and Cervantes, destroyers Almirante Valdés, Almirante Antequera, Almirante Miranda, Alsedo, José Luis Díez, Lepanto, Lazaga, and three "C"-class submarines. This fleet entered the Cantabrian Sea where Spanish Republican Army troops were isolated from the remaining Republican-controlled territories. All ships, except Ciscar, which had been requisitioned by the Basque Auxiliary Navy, Jose Luis Diez, two "C"- and two "B"-class submarines, returned to the Mediterranean Sea.
Sánchez Barcáiztegui took part in the Battle of Cape Palos where she, together with Almirante Antequera and Lepanto, engaged the cruiser Baleares, firing four torpedoes. Sánchez Barcáiztegui was awarded the Distintivo de Madrid along with other vessels.
On 5 March 1939, Sánchez Barcáíztegui was seriously damaged by a bomb after being attacked by five Nationalist Savoia-Marchetti SM.79s medium bombers; the attack also damaged destroyers Alcalá Galiano and Lazaga.
Barcáiztegui was refloated in 1940, repaired by the Nationalists, and recommissioned, serving until decommissioned in 1964. She was scrapped in 1965.
- It is probable that Baleares was actually sunk by Lepanto.
- Enrique García Domingo, Recompensas republicanas por el hundimiento del Baleares, Revista de Historia Naval 1997, Año XV no. 59, pg. 70
- Buques de la Guerra Civil Española. Destructores (Spanish Civil War Ships, destroyers) by Dionisio García Flórez, ISBN 84-932284-7-8. (Spanish)