Spanish general election, 1977

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Spanish general election, 1977
Spain
1936 ←
15 June 1977
→ 1979

All 350 seats of the Congress of Deputies and 207 (out of the 248) seats in the Senate
176 seats needed for a majority in the Congress of Deputies, 125 in the Senate
Turnout 78.8%
  First party Second party Third party
  Adolfo Suarez 03 cropped.jpg Felipe González par Claude Truong-Ngoc juillet 2013.jpg Santiago Carrillo 003.jpg
Leader Adolfo Suárez Felipe González Santiago Carrillo
Party UCD PSOE PCE
Leader since 3 July 1976 13 October 1974 3 July 1960
Seats won
166 / 350
113 / 248
118 / 350
60 / 248
19 / 350
1 / 248
Popular vote 6,310,391 5,371,866 1,709,890
Percentage 34.4% 29.3% 9.3%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Manuel Fraga durante la Transicion (cropped).jpg Estátua de Tierno Galván.jpg Jordi Pujol.JPG
Leader Manuel Fraga Enrique Tierno Galván Jordi Pujol i Soley
Party AP PSP PDPC
Leader since 9 October 1976 1974 17 November 1974
Seats won
16 / 350
3 / 248
6 / 350
4 / 248
11 / 350
2 / 248
Popular vote 1,504,771 816,582 514,647
Percentage 8.2% 4.5% 2.8%

Elecciones generales españolas de 1977 - distribución del voto.svg

Most voted party in each province. Every province is a multi-member district for the Congress.

Prime Minister before election

Adolfo Suárez
UCD

Elected Prime Minister

Adolfo Suárez
UCD

Escudo de España (colores THV).svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Spain
Foreign relations

The Spanish general election of 1977 took place on 15 June 1977. It was the first election since the death of Francisco Franco. The previous general election was held in 1936, prior to the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War.

Voting was on the basis of universal suffrage in a secret ballot. The elections were held using closed list proportional representation in 52 electoral districts corresponding to the 50 provinces of Spain and the African enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla. The largest districts Barcelona, Madrid and Valencia elected 32, 31 and 15 members respectively. Other districts elected from 3 to 12 members. The exceptions were Ceuta and Melilla, which were single member districts. Seats were allocated using the D'Hondt method and only lists that polled 3% of the total vote (which included votes "en blanco" i.e., for none of the above) were eligible for seats. With the exception of the Communist Party of Spain, none of the parties that had supported the Second Republic or those descended from them were legalised until after the elections, and were therefore rendered ineligible to take part.[1]

The elections took place against the backdrop of a poor economic situation in Spain.[2] They were marred by demonstrations against alleged irregularities and bombings in many areas. In Barcelona, 2,000 demonstrators gathered outside the building housing the local election board. They claimed they had not been included in the census, which would have given them the right to vote. Two policemen were also hurt when a Molotov cocktail was thrown at their vehicle. In Seville, three people, including two policemen, suffered minor injuries when a bomb exploded at the magistrates' court. Additionally four explosions occurred in Pamplona and two in Cordoba.[3]

The election results were a disappointment for the Communist Party, which fell short of its goal of 30 to 40 deputies.[4]

Post election the Union of the Democratic Centre governed in a minority, working with other opposition parties from both sides of the political spectrum including the rightist People’s Alliance and the parties of the left, the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) and Communists (PCE).

Results[edit]

Party Abbreviation Votes % Seats
Democratic Centre Union UCD 6,310,391 34.52 166
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party PSOE 5,371,866 29.39 118
Communist Party of Spain PCE 1,709,890 9.35 19
Popular Alliance AP 1,504,771 8.23 16
Popular Socialist Party-Socialist Unity PSP-US 816,582 4.47 6
Democratic Agreement for Catalonia PDPC 514,647 2.82 11
Basque Nationalist Party PNV 296,193 1.62 8
Coalición Electoral Equipo de la Democracia Cristiana FDC-EDC 215,841 1.18
Center and Christian Democratic Union of Catalonia UDC-IDCC 172,791 0.95 2
Catalan Left-Democratic Electoral Front EC-FED 143,954 0.79 1
Frente Democrático de Izquierdas FDI 122,608 0.67
Alianza Socialista Democrática ASDCI 101,916 0.56
Agrupación Electoral de Trabajadores AET 77,575 0.42
Alianza Nacional del 18 de Julio AN18 67,336 0.37
Reforma Social Española RSE 64,241 0.35
Euskadiko Ezkerra EE 61,417 0.34 1
Falange Española de las JONS Auténtica FJONSA 46,548 0.25
Independents INDEP 43,786 0.24
Frente para la Unidad de los Trabajadores FUT 41,208 0.23
Candidatura Aragonesa Independiente de Centro CAIC 37,183 0.2 1
Partido Socialista Vasco ESB 36,002 0.2
Partit Socialista del Pais Valencià PSPV 31,138 0.17
Candidatura Independiente del Centro INDEP 29,834 0.16 1
Partido Socialista Gallego PSG 27,197 0.15
Democracia Cristiana Vasca DCV 26,100 0.14
Falange Española de las JONS FJONS 25,017 0.14
Unión Navarra de Izquierda UNAI 24,489 0.13
Bloque Nacional Popular Gallego BNPG 22,771 0.12
Navarra Foral Alliance AFN 21,900 0.12
Unidad Regional Andaluza URA 21,350 0.12
Partido Socialista Obrero Español (Sector Histórico) PSOE-H 21,242 0.12
Lliga de Catalunya Partit Liberal Català LLIGA 20,109 0.11
Asociación Nacional para el Estudio de Problemas Actuales ANEPA-CP 18,113 0.1
Unión Autonomista de Navarra UAN 18,079 0.1
Pueblo Canario Unido PCU 17,717 0.1
Demócratas Independientes Vascos DIV 15,505 0.08
Unitat Popular per Socialisme CUPS 12,040 0.07
Unión Autonomista de Baleares UAB 11,914 0.07
Centro Izquierda de Albacete CCIA 11,879 0.06
Unidad Regionalista URAS 10,821 0.06
Frente Navarro Independiente FNI 10,606 0.06
Partido Popular Canario PPCAN 9,650 0.05
Democracia Social Cristiana de Cataluña DSCC 9,157 0.05
Movimiento Socialista MS 8,741 0.05
Montejurra-Federalismo-Autogestión MFA 8,461 0.05
Acción Social Agraria ASA 8,439 0.05
Asociación Círculos José Antonio CJA 8,184 0.04
Acción Nacionalista Vasca ANV 6,435 0.04
Democracia Cristiana Aragonesa DCAR 6,014 0.03
New Force FN 5,541 0.03
Unidad Popular CUP 5,206 0.03
Partido Socialista de Canarias PSCAN 5,110 0.03
Partido Independiente de Madrid PIM 4,814 0.03
Frente Autonomista Aragonés FAA 4,791 0.03
Partido Proverista PPROV 4,590 0.03
Izquierda Canaria Unida ICU 4,118 0.02
Partido Socialista Democrático Español PSDE 3,786 0.02
Partido Demócrata Gallego PDG 3,196 0.02
Unión Demócrata de las Islas Baleares UDIB 2,946 0.02
Federación Laboriousta FL 2,631 0.01
Partido Radical Socialista de Valencia PRSV 2,345 0.01
Agrupación Electoral Independiente del Campo y la Ciudad AEICYC 1,623 0.01
Candidatura Unitaria de la Izquierda Regionalista CUIR 1,504 0.01
Candidatura Independiente de la Pequeña y Mediana Empresa CIPYE 1,480 0.01
Asociación de Electores de Ceuta ADEC 1,099 0.01
Agrupación de Electores Carlistas ADC 938 0.01
Falange Esporádica Independiente FEI 855 0
Partido Agrario Español PAE 833 0
Partido Liberal Independiente PLI 805 0
Bloque Andaluz de Izquierdas BAI 226 0
Invalid/blank votes 312,045
Total 18,590,130 100 350
Registered voters/turnout 23,583,762 78.83
Source: Ministry of the Interior

References[edit]

  1. ^ Torres Gallego, Emilio (9 February 1979). "Los republicanos y las elecciones". El País. Retrieved 11 October 2011. 
  2. ^ "Cómo empezar a salir de la crisis económica antes de fin de año". La Vanguardia, 14 June 1977, p54. Retrieved 8 August 2009
  3. ^ "Left ahead in Spanish cities". The Guardian. 16 June 1977. Retrieved 8 August 2009. 
  4. ^ "Santiago Carillo confident of obtaining 40 seats". La Vanguardia. 14 June 1977. Retrieved 8 August 2009.