Spanish general election, 1986

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Spanish general election, 1986
Spain
1982 ←
22 June 1986 → 1989

All 350 seats in the Congress of Deputies and 208 (of the 254) seats in the Senate
176 seats needed for a majority in the Congress of Deputies
Opinion polls
Registered 29,117,613 Increase8.5%
Turnout 20,524,858 (70.5%)
Decrease9.5 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Felipe González 1986b (cropped).jpg Manuel Fraga durante la Transicion (cropped).jpg Adolfo Suarez 03 cropped.jpg
Leader Felipe González Manuel Fraga Adolfo Suárez
Party PSOE CP CDS
Leader since 13 October 1974 9 October 1976 29 July 1982
Last election 202 seats, 48.1% 107 seats, 26.4%[a] 2 seats, 2.9%
Seats won 184 105 19
Seat change Decrease18 Decrease2 Increase17
Popular vote 8,901,718 5,247,677 1,861,912
Percentage 44.1% 26.0% 9.2%
Swing Decrease4.0 pp Decrease0.4 pp Increase6.3 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Miquel Roca i Junyent.jpg Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg 2007 02 Inaki Anasagasti-2.jpg
Leader Miquel Roca Gerardo Iglesias Iñaki Anasagasti
Party CiU IU EAJ-PNV
Leader since 1980 1982 1986
Last election 12 seats, 3.7% 4 seats, 4.1%[b] 8 seats, 1.9%
Seats won 18 7 6
Seat change Increase6 Increase3 Decrease2
Popular vote 1,014,258 935,504 309,610
Percentage 5.0% 4.6% 1.5%
Swing Increase1.3 pp Increase0.5 pp Decrease0.4 pp

Most voted party in each province. Every province is a multi-member district for the Congress.

Prime Minister before election

Felipe González
PSOE

Elected Prime Minister

Felipe González
PSOE

The 1986 Spanish general election was held on Sunday, 22 June, to elect the 3rd Cortes Generales of the Kingdom of Spain. At stake were all 350 seats in the Congress of Deputies and 208 of 254 seats in the Senate. This was a snap election, since new elections were not due until October 1986.

The Spanish Socialist Workers' Party remained the largest party in the Congress of Deputies, winning 184 of the 350 seats.

Overview[edit]

Electoral system[edit]

Congress of Deputies

The 350 members of the Congress of Deputies were elected in 50 multi-member districts using the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation. Ceuta and Melilla elected 1 member each using plurality voting. Each district was entitled to an initial minimum of 2 seats, with the remaining 248 seats being allocated among the 50 provinces in proportion to their populations. Only lists polling above 3% of the total vote in each district (which includes blank ballots—for none of the above) were entitled to enter the seat distribution.

Senate

For the Senate, each of the 47 peninsular provinces was assigned 4 seats. For insular provinces, such as Baleares and Canarias, districts are the islands themselves, with the larger — Mallorca, Gran Canaria, and Tenerife — being assigned 3 seats each, and the smaller — Menorca, Ibiza-Formentera, Fuerteventura, Gomera, Hierro, Lanzarote and La Palma — 1 each. Ceuta and Melilla were assigned 2 seats each, for a total of 208 directly elected seats. In districts electing 4 seats, electors could vote for up to 3 candidates; in those with 2 or 3 seats, for up to 2 candidates; and for 1 candidate in single member constituencies. Electors would vote for individual candidates: those attaining the largest number of votes in each district would be elected for a 4-year term of office.

In addition, the legislative assemblies of the autonomous communities are entitled to appoint at least 1 senator each, as well as 1 senator for every million inhabitants, adding up a variable number of appointed seats to the directly-elected 208 senators.[1] This appointment usually did not take place at the same time that the general election, but when the autonomous communities held their elections.

Eligibility[edit]

Dual membership of both chambers of the Cortes or of the Cortes and regional assemblies was prohibited. Active judges, magistrates, public defenders, serving military personnel, active police officers and members of constitutional and electoral tribunals were also ineligible,[2] as well as CEOs or equivalent leaders of state monopolies and public bodies, such as the Spanish state broadcaster RTVE.[3]

Parties and coalitions of different parties which had registered with the Electoral Commission could present lists of candidates. Groups of electors which had not registered with the commission could also present lists, provided that they obtained the signatures of 1% of registered electors in a particular district.[3]

Background[edit]

In this election, the Communist Party of Spain joined with other minor left parties to form the electoral coalition United Left; in Catalonia they ran as the Catalan Left Union. Similarly, the People's Alliance formed an electoral alliance with two other conservative parties to form the People's Coalition.

Opinion polls[edit]

Congress of Deputies results[edit]

Overall[edit]

Summary of the 22 June 1986 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results
Spanish Congress of Deputies election, 1986 results.svg
Party Vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 8,901,718 44.06 Decrease4.05 184 Decrease18
People's Coalition (AP-PDP-PL)[a] 5,247,677 25.97 Decrease0.39 105 Decrease2
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 1,861,912 9.22 Increase6.35 19 Increase17
Convergence and Union (CiU) 1,014,258 5.02 Increase1.35 18 Increase6
United Left (IU)[b] 935,504 4.63 Increase0.61 7 Increase3
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ-PNV) 309,610 1.53 Decrease0.35 6 Decrease2
People's Unity (HB) 231,722 1.15 Increase0.15 5 Increase3
Communists’ Unity Board (MUC) 229,695 1.14 New 0 ±0
Democratic Reformist Party (PRD) 194,538 0.96 New 0 ±0
Basque Country Left (EE) 107,053 0.53 Increase0.05 2 Increase1
Andalusian Party (PA) 94,008 0.47 Increase0.07 0 ±0
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 84,628 0.42 Decrease0.24 0 Decrease1
Galician Coalition (CG) 79,972 0.40 New 1 Increase1
Workers' Socialist Party (PST) 77,914 0.39 Decrease0.10 0 ±0
Regionalist Aragonese Party (PAR) 73,004 0.36 New 1 Increase1
Canarian Independent Groups (AIC) 65,664 0.33 New 1 Increase1
Valencian Union (UV) 64,403 0.32 New 1 Increase1
Party of the Communists of Catalonia (PCC) 57,107 0.28 Increase0.06 0 ±0
Galician Socialist Party-Galician Left (PSG-EG) 45,574 0.23 Increase0.12 0 ±0
Spanish Falange of the JONS (FE-JONS) 43,449 0.22 Increase0.21 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 42,451 0.21 Increase0.10 0 ±0
Valencian People's Unity (UPV) 40,264 0.20 Increase0.11 0 ±0
Canarian Assembly-Canarian Nationalist Left (AC-INC) 36,892 0.18 Increase0.09 0 ±0
The Greens (LV) 31,909 0.16 New 0 ±0
Green Alternative (AV) 29,567 0.15 New 0 ±0
Spanish Vertex Ecological Development Revindication (VERDE) 28,318 0.14 New 0 ±0
Republican People's Unity (UPR) 27,473 0.14 Increase0.03 0 ±0
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 27,049 0.13 Decrease0.05 0 ±0
Internationalist Socialist Workers' Party (POSI) 21,853 0.11 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 121,186 0.60 Increase0.13
Total 20,202,919 100.00 350 ±0
Valid votes 20,202,919 98.43 Increase0.38
Invalid votes 321,939 1.57 Decrease0.38
Votes cast / turnout 20,524,858 70.49 Decrease9.48
Abstentions 8,592,755 29.51 Increase9.48
Registered voters 29,117,613
Source: Ministry of the Interior
Vote share
PSOE
  
44.06%
AP-PDP-PL
  
25.97%
CDS
  
9.22%
CiU
  
5.02%
IU
  
4.63%
EAJ-PNV
  
1.53%
HB
  
1.15%
MUC
  
1.14%
EE
  
0.53%
CG
  
0.40%
PAR
  
0.36%
AIC
  
0.33%
UV
  
0.32%
Others
  
5.36%
Blank ballots
  
0.60%
Parliamentary seats
PSOE
  
52.57%
AP-PDP-PL
  
30.00%
CDS
  
5.43%
CiU
  
5.14%
IU
  
2.00%
EAJ-PNV
  
1.71%
HB
  
1.43%
EE
  
0.57%
CG
  
0.29%
PAR
  
0.29%
AIC
  
0.29%
UV
  
0.29%

Results by region[edit]

Election results by province.

Post-election[edit]

Investiture voting[edit]

Candidate Date Vote PSOE CP PDP CDS CiU IU PNV HBa EE CG PAR AIC UV Total
Felipe González
(PSOE)
23 Jul 1986
Majority required:
Absolute (176/350)
YesYYes 184 x
184 / 350
No 73b 21 19 18 7 x 2 1 1 1 1
144 / 350
Abst. 6 x
6 / 350
Source: Historia Electoral - Spanish General Election 22 June 1986

a All 5 HB MPs refused to take their seats.
b 11 AP MPs missed the voting.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b People's Coalition results are compared to the People's Alliance totals in the 1982 election.
  2. ^ a b United Left results are compared to the Communist Party of Spain totals in the 1982 election.

References[edit]


Sources[edit]