Spanish general election, 1989

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Spanish general election, 1989
Spain
1986 ←
29 October 1989
→ 1993

All 350 seats of the Congress of Deputies and 208 (out of the 254) seats in the Senate
176 seats needed for a majority in the Congress of Deputies, 128 in the Senate
Turnout 69.7%
Decrease0.8 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Felipe González par Claude Truong-Ngoc juillet 2013.jpg Aznar at the Azores, March 17, 2003.jpg Julio Anguita en el Ateneo de Córdoba en 2004.jpg
Leader Felipe González José María Aznar Julio Anguita
Party PSOE PP IU
Leader since 13 October 1974 4 September 1989 November 1989
Last election 184 C & 148 S
44.1%
105 C & 77 S
26.0%
7 C & 1 S
4.6%
Seats won
175 / 350
128 / 254
107 / 350
90 / 254
17 / 350
3 / 254
Seat change Decrease9 C
Decrease20 S
Increase2 C
Increase13 S
Increase10 C
Increase2 S
Popular vote 8,115,568 5,285,972 1,858,588
Percentage 39.6% 25.8% 9.1%
Swing Decrease4.5 pp Decrease0.2 pp Increase4.5 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Adolfo Suarez 03 cropped.jpg Miquel Roca i Junyent.jpg 2007 02 Inaki Anasagasti-2.jpg
Leader Adolfo Suárez Miquel Roca Iñaki Anasagasti
Party CDS CiU EAJ-PNV
Leader since 29 July 1982 1980 1986
Last election 19 C & 3 S
9.2%
18 C & 11 S
5.0%
6 C & 9 S
1.5%
Seats won
14 / 350
7 / 254
18 / 350
12 / 254
5 / 350
5 / 254
Seat change Decrease5 C
Increase4 S
Steady0 C
Increase1 S
Decrease1 C
Decrease4 S
Popular vote 1,617,716 1,032,243 254,681
Percentage 7.9% 5.0% 1.2%
Swing Decrease1.3 pp Steady0.0 pp Decrease0.3 pp

Most voted party in each province. Every province is a multi-member district for the Congress.

Prime Minister before election

Felipe González
PSOE

Elected Prime Minister

Felipe González
PSOE

General elections were held in Spain on 29 October 1989. The incumbent Socialists, which had governed in a majority since 1982 once again emerged as the biggest party, while it still had a majority in the Senate, within the Congress of Deputies it fell one seat of a majority, thus technically governing in the minority.

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party 8,115,568 39.6 175 –9
People's Party 5,285,972 27.79 107 +2
United Left 1,858,588 9.07 17 +10
Democratic and Social Centre 1,617,716 7.89 14 –5
Convergence and Union 1,032,243 5.04 18 0
Basque Nationalist Party 254,681 1.24 5 –1
Ruiz Mateos Group 219,883 1.07 0 New
Herri Batasuna 217,278 1.06 4 –1
Andalusian Party 212,687 1.04 2 +2
The Greens–Green List 157,103 0.77 0 0
Valencian Union 144,924 0.71 2 +1
Eusko Alkartasuna 136,955 0.67 2 New
Green Ecologists 136,335 0.67 0 New
Euskadiko Ezkerra 105,238 0.51 2 0
Workers' Party of Spain – Communist Unity 86,257 0.42 0 0
Republican Left of Catalonia 84,756 0.41 0 0
Workers' Socialist Party 81,218 0.40 0 0
Aragonese Regionalist Party 71,733 0.35 1 0
Canarian Independent Group 64,767 0.32 1 0
Communist Party of the People of Spain 62,664 0.31 0 New
Galician Nationalist Bloc 47,763 0.23 0 0
Galician Coalition 45,821 0.22 0 –1
Unitat Del Poble Valencia 40,767 0.20 0 0
Partido Socialista Galego-Esquerda Galega 34,131 0.17 0 0
Alternative Verda–Moviment Ecologista de Catalunya 25,978 0.13 0 New
Falange Española De Las Jons 24,025 0.12 0 0
Asamblea Canaria Nacionalista 21,539 0.11 0 0
Vertice Español Reivindicacion Desarroll Ecologico 21,235 0.10 0 0
Social Democratic Coalition 17,095 0.08 0 New
Humanist Party 15,936 0.08 0 New
Galician Nationalist Party–Partido Galeguista 14,411 0.07 0 New
Alliance for the Republic 12,807 0.06 0 New
Extremadura Unida 10,984 0.05 0 0
Nationalist Left Electoral Coalition 7,989 0.04 0 0
Revolutionary Workers' Party 7,906 0.04 0 0
Gran Canarian Independents 6,371 0.03 0 New
Partíu Asturianista 5,414 0.03 0 New
Centrist Unity 4,942 0.02 0 New
Galician People's Front 3,657 0.02 0 New
Regional Party of Madrid 3,396 0.02 0 New
Radicals Group in Madrid 3,330 0.02 0 New
Asturian Nationalist Unity 3,218 0.02 0 New
Aragonese Union–Chunta Aragonesista 3,156 0.02 0 New
Valencian Nationalist Left 2,988 0.01 0 0
Regionalist Party of the Leonese Country 2,962 0.01 0 0
Balearic Union 2,883 0.01 0 New
United Ceuta Party 2,760 0.01 0 New
Siete Estrellas Verdes 1,411 0.01 0 New
Green Movement 1,368 0.01 0 New
Independent Citizens' Group 1,359 0.01 0 New
Nationalist Party of Castille and León 1,199 0.01 0 0
Coalicion Alicantinista Alicanton 1,041 0.01 0 New
Spanish Republican Democratic Action 975 0.00 0 New
Ecological Party of the Basque Country 931 0.00 0 New
Radicals for Cantabria 904 0.00 0 New
Independent Spanish Falange 827 0.00 0 New
Tagoror 472 0.00 0 New
Regionalist Party of Guadalajara 426 0.00 0 New
Balearic Radical Party 398 0.00 0 New
Spanish Nationalist Party of Melilla 301 0.00 0 New
Proverista Party 245 0.00 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 294,478
Total 20,646,365 100 350 0
Registered voters/turnout 29,604,055 69.74
Source: Ministry of the Interior
Vote share
PSOE
  
39.60%
PP
  
25.79%
IU
  
9.07%
CDS
  
7.89%
CiU
  
5.04%
EAJ-PNV
  
1.24%
RUIZ-MATEOS
  
1.07%
HB
  
1.06%
PA
  
1.04%
UV
  
0.71%
EA
  
0.67%
EE
  
0.51%
PAR
  
0.35%
AIC
  
0.32%
Others
  
4.95%
Blank
  
0.69%
Parliamentary seats
PSOE
  
50.00%
PP
  
30.57%
CiU
  
5.14%
IU
  
4.86%
CDS
  
4.00%
EAJ-PNV
  
1.43%
HB
  
1.14%
PA
  
0.57%
UV
  
0.57%
EA
  
0.57%
EE
  
0.57%
PAR
  
0.29%
AIC
  
0.29%
ERC
  
0.29%

Investiture voting[edit]

5 December 1989
Investiture voting for Felipe González Márquez (PSOE)

Absolute majority: 167/332
Vote Parties Votes
YesY Yes PSOE (166), AIC (1)
167 / 332
No PP (99), CiU (18), IU (17), CDS (13), PA (2), UV (2), EA (2), EE (2)
155 / 332
Abstentions PNV (5), PAR (1)
6 / 332
All 4 HB deputies missed the voting.
18 seats had seen their results contested and were not yet awarded.
5 April 1990
Motion of confidence on Felipe González Márquez (PSOE)

Absolute majority: 176/350
Vote Parties Votes
YesY Yes PSOE (175), AIC (1)
176 / 350
No PP (105), IU (16), PA (2), UV (2), EE (2), EA (2)
129 / 350
Abstentions CiU (18), CDS (14), PNV (5), PAR (1)
38 / 350
All 4 HB, 2 PP and 1 IU deputy missed the voting.
Source: Historia Electoral

Opinion polls[edit]

Poll results are listed in the table below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed in bold, and the background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded but both are displayed in bold. The lead column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the two parties with the highest figures. Poll results use the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. However, if such date is unknown, the date of publication will be given instead. Seat projections are included below the % estimation where available. "–" denotes no individual figure.

176 seats needed for a majority
Polling Firm Date Link PSOE PP CDS CiU IU Others Lead
Election results 29 October 1989 HTML 39.6%
175
25.8%
107
7.9%
14
5.0%
18
9.1%
17
12.6%
19
13.8%
Exit polls
Sigma Dos 23 October HTML
168

103

23

17

16

23
ICP Research 16–19 October HTML
174–178

87–91

18–21

17–19

22–26

25–26
Opina 16–18 October HTML 41.5%
172–178
25.0%
104–107
6.5%
14–15
4.5%
17–18
7.5%
13
15.0%
18–27
16.5%
IIF 16–17 October HTML
173–183

95–101

20–21

17–18

14–16

18–23
Demoscopia 9–15 October HTML 41.6%
176–182
22.8%
95–104

16–19

18

15–16

17–23
18.8%
Opina 7–11 October HTML 41.0%
172–178
24.0%
100–102
9.0%
18
4.8%
18–19
8.8%
15
12.4%
18–24
17.0%
PSOE 5 October HTML
175–185

93–99

14–15

12
El País 5 October HTML
176

100

11–15
CIS 5 October HTML 43.0%
178–180
21.0%
96
9.0%
18
8.0%
12
22.0%
Metra Seis 19–22 September HTML
172–179

92–99

19

17–18

16–17

26–28
European Election
(seat extrapolation)
15 June 1989 HTML 39.6%
186
21.4%
96
7.2%
13
4.2%
17
6.1%
10
21.5%
28
18.2%
Opina 4 June HTML 36.1% 22.4% 12.4% 6.1% 5.7% 17.3% 13.7%
Opina 17–18 January HTML 37.9% 23.1% 13.2% 6.2% 6.6% 13.0% 14.8%
1989
Opina 29–30 November HTML 34.3% 27.1% 9.9% 7.2% 7.8% 13.7% 7.2%
1988
European Election
(seat extrapolation)
10 June 1987 HTML 39.1%
169
24.7%
108
10.3%
23
4.4%
16
5.3%
9
16.2%
25
14.4%
Local Elections 10 June 1987 HTML 37.1% 20.4% 9.8% 5.2% 7.2% 20.3% 16.7%
1987
Gallup 19 October–23 December HTML 42.0% 23.1% 11.6% 18.9%
Election Results 22 June 1986 HTML 44.1%
184
26.0%
105
9.2%
19
5.0%
18
4.6%
7
11.1%
17
18.1%