Spanish general election, 2000

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Spanish general election, 2000
Spain
1996 ←
12 March 2000 → 2004

All 350 seats of the Congress of Deputies and 208 (of the 259) seats in the Senate
176 seats needed for a majority in the Congress of Deputies
Opinion polls
Turnout 23,339,490 (68.7%)
Decrease8.7 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Aznar at the Azores, March 17, 2003.jpg Joaquin Almunia.jpg Francisco Frutos.JPG
Leader José María Aznar Joaquín Almunia Francisco Frutos
Party PP PSOE IU
Leader since 4 September 1989 21 June 1997 7 December 1998
Last election 156 seats, 38.8% 141 seats, 37.6% 21 seats, 10.5%
Seats won 183 125 8
Seat change Increase27 Decrease16 Decrease13
Popular vote 10,321,178 7,918,752 1,263,043
Percentage 44.5% 34.2% 5.4%
Swing Increase5.7 pp Decrease3.4 pp Decrease5.1 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Xavier Trias - 002.jpg 2007 02 Inaki Anasagasti-2.jpg Francisco Rodríguez Sánchez (AELG)-1.jpg
Leader Xavier Trias Iñaki Anasagasti Francisco Rodríguez
Party CiU EAJ-PNV BNG
Leader since 2000 1986 1996
Last election 16 seats, 4.6% 5 seats, 1.3% 2 seats, 0.9%
Seats won 15 7 3
Seat change Decrease1 Increase2 Increase1
Popular vote 970,421 353,953 306,268
Percentage 4.2% 1.5% 1.3%
Swing Decrease0.4 pp Increase0.2 pp Increase0.4 pp

Most voted party in each autonomous community and province. Every province is a multi-member district for the Congress.

Prime Minister before election

José María Aznar
PP

Elected Prime Minister

José María Aznar
PP

The 2000 Spanish general election was held on Sunday, 12 March, to elect the 7th Cortes Generales of the Kingdom of Spain. At stake were all 350 seats to the Congress of Deputies and 208 of 259 seats to the Senate.

While most opinion polls gave him a clear victory, the incumbent People's Party of Prime Minister José María Aznar was elected to a second term in office with a surprising absolute majority of 183: a 27 seat gain from the previous election: a rise from opinion polls which gave him a plurality victory only. The opposition Spanish Socialist Workers' Party saw their number of seats reduced to 125, one of its worst results ever. While neither one of its worst defeats since Spanish transition to democracy (it lost more seats in the 1986 election, losing 18; and a similar number of seats were lost in 1996, with 16) nor the party's worst electoral result ever since (winning 118 and 121 seats in 1977 and 1979, respectively) the party's result in these elections quickly became known as Almunia's defeat, a psychological barrier for the PSOE in future elections; a result which would be vastly exceeded 11 years later.

This election featured some notable aspects. This was the first absolute majority the PP obtained in a general election, and its best result in both popular vote share and seats won until 2011. In contrast, the PSOE got its worst election result in 21 years. This was also the second time a candidate received more than 10 million votes, the last time being in 1982, when 10.1 million voters elected Felipe González from the PSOE. The voters' turnout registered was one of the lowest in democratic Spain for Spanish election standards (which tend to be usually high), with only 68.71% of the voting-able population casting a vote.

Overview[edit]

Electoral system[edit]

Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage in a secret ballot. The Congress of Deputies 350 members are elected in 50 multi-member districts using the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation. Ceuta and Melilla elect one member each using plurality voting. Each district is entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with the remaining 248 seats being allocated among the 50 provinces in proportion to their populations. Only lists polling above 3% of the total vote in each district (which includes blank ballots—for none of the above) are entitled to enter the seat distribution. Under articles 12 and 68 of the Constitution, the minimum voting age is 18.[1]

Elections to the Senate take place under a limited vote system. Each of the 47 peninsular districts (the provinces) is assigned 4 seats. In Baleares and Canarias, districts are the islands themselves, with the larger — Mallorca, Gran Canaria, and Tenerife — being assigned 3 seats each, and the smaller — Menorca, Ibiza-Formentera, Fuerteventura, Gomera, Hierro, Lanzarote and La Palma — one each. Ceuta and Melilla are assigned 2 seats each, for a total of 208 directly elected seats. In districts electing 4 seats, electors may vote for up to 3 candidates; in those with 2 or 3 seats, for up to 2 candidates; and for 1 candidate in single member constituencies. Electors vote for individual candidates: those attaining the largest number of votes in each district are elected for a 4-year term of office.

In addition, the legislative assemblies of the self-governing or autonomous communities into which the provinces of Spain are grouped are entitled to appoint at least one senator each, as well as one senator for every million inhabitants, adding up a variable number of appointed seats to the directly-elected 208 senators.[2]

Apportionment[edit]

Under Article 68 of the Spanish constitution, the boundaries of the electoral districts must be the same as the provinces of Spain and, under Article 141, this can only be altered with the approval of Congress.[1]

The apportionment of seats to provinces follows the largest remainder method over the resident population ("Padrón") with a minimum of two seats (Art. 162 of the Electoral Law).[3]

Eligibility[edit]

Dual membership of both chambers of the Cortes or of the Cortes and regional assemblies is prohibited, meaning that candidates must resign from regional assemblies if elected. Active judges, magistrates, public defenders, serving military personnel, active police officers and members of constitutional and electoral tribunals are also ineligible,[1] as well as CEOs or equivalent leaders of state monopolies and public bodies, such as the Spanish state broadcaster RTVE.[4]

Presenting candidates

Parties and coalitions of different parties which have registered with the Electoral Commission can present lists of candidates. Groups of electors which have not registered with the commission can also present lists, provided that they obtain the signatures of 1% of registered electors in a particular district.[4]

Opinion polls[edit]

Results[edit]

Congress of Deputies[edit]

Composition of the elected Congress.
Summary of the 12 March 2000 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results
Party Vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 10,321,178 44.52 Increase5.73 183 Increase27
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party: Progresists (PSOE) 7,918,752 34.16 Decrease3.47 125 Decrease16
United Left (IU) 1,263,043 5.45 Decrease5.09 8 Decrease13
Convergence and Union (CiU) 970,421 4.19 Decrease0.41 15 Decrease1
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ-PNV) 353,953 1.53 Increase0.26 7 Increase2
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 306,268 1.32 Increase0.44 3 Increase1
Canarian Coalition (CC) 248,261 1.07 Increase0.19 4 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA) 206,255 0.89 Increase0.35 1 Increase1
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 194,715 0.84 Increase0.17 1 ±0
Initiative for Catalonia-Greens (IC-V) 119,290 0.51 New 1 Increase1
Basque Solidarity (EA) 100,742 0.43 Decrease0.03 1 ±0
Aragonese Union (CHA) 75,356 0.33 Increase0.13 1 Increase1
Independent Liberal Group (GIL) 72,162 0.31 New 0 ±0
The Greens (LV) 70,906 0.31 New 0 ±0
Valencian Nationalist Bloc-The Greens (BNV-V) 58,551 0.25 Increase0.14 0 ±0
Valencian Union (UV) 57,830 0.25 Decrease0.12 0 Decrease1
Leonese People's Union (UPL) 41,690 0.18 Increase0.13 0 ±0
Aragonese Party (PAR) 38,883 0.17 New 0 ±0
Centrist Union-Democratic and Social Centre (UC-CDS) 23,576 0.10 Decrease0.08 0 ±0
Socialist Party of Majorca-Nationalist Agreement (PSM-EN) 23,482 0.10 ±0.00 0 ±0
The Greens-Ecopacifists (LV-E) 22,220 0.10 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 366,823 1.58 Increase0.61
Total 23,181,290 100.00 350 ±0
Valid votes 23,181,290 99.32 Decrease0.18
Invalid votes 158,200 0.68 Increase0.18
Votes cast / turnout 23,339,490 68.71 Decrease8.67
Abstentions 10,630,150 31.29 Increase8.67
Registered voters 33,969,640
Source: Ministry of the Interior
Vote share
PP
  
44.52%
PSOE
  
34.16%
IU
  
5.45%
CiU
  
4.19%
EAJ-PNV
  
1.53%
BNG
  
1.32%
CC
  
1.07%
PA
  
0.89%
ERC
  
0.84%
IC-V
  
0.51%
EA
  
0.43%
CHA
  
0.33%
Others
  
3.18%
Blank
  
1.58%
Parliamentary seats
PP
  
52.29%
PSOE
  
35.71%
CiU
  
4.29%
IU
  
2.29%
EAJ-PNV
  
2.00%
CC
  
1.14%
BNG
  
0.89%
PA
  
0.29%
ERC
  
0.29%
IC-V
  
0.29%
EA
  
0.29%
CHA
  
0.29%

Senate[edit]

Composition of the Senate after the election.
Summary of the 12 March 2000 Spanish Senate election results
Party Vote Seats
Votes  % +/− Won +/− Total
People's Party (PP) 127 +15 150
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party: Progresists (PSOE) 53 −28 69
Catalan Agreement of Progress (PSC-ERC-ICV) 8 +8 11
Convergence and Union (CiU) 8 ±0 11
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ-PNV) 6 +2 8
Canarian Coalition-Independent Herrenian Group (CC-AHI) 5 +4 6
United Left (IU) 0 ±0 2
Independent Party of Lanzarote (PIL) 1 ±0 1
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 0 ±0 1
Ibiza and Formentera (PSOE-EU-PSMEN-ERC-EVIB) 0 −1 0
Others 0 ±0 0
Blank ballots 642,682 2.82 +0.85
Total 22,799,475 100.00 208 ±0 259
Valid votes 22,799,475 97.51 +0.10
Invalid votes 583,192 2.49 −0.10
Votes cast / turnout 23,382,667 68.83 −8.50
Abstentions 10,586,973 31.17 +8.50
Registered voters 33,969,640
Source(s):
Parliamentary seats
PP
  
57.92%
PSOE
  
26.64%
PSC-ERC-ICV
  
4.25%
CiU
  
4.25%
EAJ-PNV
  
3.09%
CC-AHI
  
2.32%
IU
  
0.77%
PIL
  
0.39%
BNG
  
0.39%

Results by region[edit]

Party AN AR AS BA BC CI CN CM CL CA CE EX GA LR MA ME MU NA VA Total
PP S 28 8 5 5 7 7 3 12 22 12 1 6 16 3 19 1 6 3 19 183
V 40.6 47.2 46.3 53.9 28.3 41.8 56.8 52.4 55.7 22.8 47.6 47.3 54.0 54.1 52.5 49.8 58.1 49.9 52.1 44.5
PSOE S 30 4 3 2 4 3 2 8 11 17 0 5 6 1 12 0 3 2 12 125
V 43.9 31.1 37.0 29.3 23.3 22.2 33.5 40.8 32.2 34.1 18.0 44.7 23.7 34.9 33.1 20.4 32.4 27.3 34.0 34.2
IU S 3 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 1 8
V 7.8 3.5 10.3 4.0 5.5 2.4 5.0 4.4 4.4 2.2 0.8 4.7 1.3 4.0 9.1 1.5 6.2 7.6 5.8 5.5
CiU S 15 15
V 28.8 4.2
PNV S 7 7
V 30.4 2.2 1.5
BNG S 3 3
V 18.6 1.3
CC S 4 4
V 29.6 1.1
PA S 1 1
V 5.1 0.9
ERC S 0 1 0 1
V 0.3 5.6 0.1 0.8
IC-V S 1 1
V 3.5 0.5
EA S 1 0 1
V 7.6 4.7 0.4
CHA S 1 1
V 10.4 0.3
Others V 1.2 6.3 4.7 11.0 1.9 3.1 2.1 1.1 5.7 1.6 32.0 2.1 1.1 5.1 3.4 26.2 2.2 4.3 6.8 3.2
Blank 1.4 1.5 1.7 1.5 3.0 0.9 2.6 1.3 2.0 1.4 1.6 1.2 1.3 1.9 1.9 2.1 1.1 4.0 1.2 1.6
Total seats 62 13 9 7 19 14 5 20 33 46 1 11 25 4 34 1 9 5 32 350
Turnout 68.8 71.4 67.0 61.4 63.8 60.7 71.8 76.3 72.6 64.0 55.2 75.4 65.0 74.2 72.1 54.0 73.5 66.1 72.7 68.7

Investiture voting[edit]

On April 26, José María Aznar was invested Prime Minister for a second term by the Congress of Deputies, thanks to the absolute majority of his party. Also supporting Aznar were CiU and Canarian Coalition. To date, this is the only investiture voting in which all 350 deputies voted either Yes or No, without abstentions or absences.[5]

26 April 2000
Investiture voting for José María Aznar López (PP)

Absolute majority: 176/350
Vote Parties Votes
YesY Yes PP (183), CiU (15), CC (4)
202 / 350
No PSOE (125), IU (8), PNV (7), BNG (3), CHA (1), ERC (1), PA (1), EA (1), ICV (1)
148 / 350
Abstentions
0 / 350
Source: Historia Electoral

External links[edit]

References[edit]