Spanish general election, 2000
|Most voted party in each province. Every province is a multi-member district for the Congress.|
Legislative elections were held in Spain on 12 March 2000. The elections were for 350 seats in the Congress of Deputies, and the 208 directly elected seats in the upper house, the Senate, determining the Prime Minister of Spain. The elections were commonly referred to as 12-M in the Spanish media in the weeks previous and next to the election day.
While most opinion polls gave him a clear victory, the incumbent People's Party of Prime Minister José María Aznar was elected to a second term in office with a surprising absolute majority of 183: a 27 seat gain from the previous election: a rise from opinion polls which gave him a plurality victory only. The opposition Spanish Socialist Workers' Party saw their number of seats reduced to 125, one of its worst results ever. While neither one of its worst defeats since Spanish transition to democracy (it lost more seats in the 1986 election, losing 18; and a similar number of seats were lost in 1996, with 16) nor the party's worst electoral result ever since (winning 118 and 121 seats in 1977 and 1979, respectively) the party's result in these elections quickly became known as Almunia's defeat, a psychological barrier for the PSOE in future elections; a result which would be vastly exceeded 11 years later.
This election featured some notable aspects. This was the first absolute majority the PP obtained in a general election, and its best result in both popular vote share and seats won until 2011. In contrast, the PSOE got its worst election result in 21 years. This was also the second time a candidate received more than 10 million votes, the last time being in 1982, when 10.1 million voters elected Felipe González from the PSOE. The voters' turnout registered was one of the lowest in democratic Spain for Spanish election standards (which tend to be usually high), with only 68.71% of the voting-able population casting a vote.
Under Article 68 of the Spanish constitution, the boundaries of the electoral districts must be the same as the provinces of Spain and, under Article 141, this can only be altered with the approval of Congress.
Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage in a secret ballot. The electoral system used is closed list proportional representation with seats allocated using the D'Hondt method. Only lists which poll 3% of the total vote (which includes votes "en blanco", i.e., for none of the above) can be considered. Under articles 12 and 68 of the constitution, the minimum voting age is 18.
Article 67.3 of the Spanish Constitution prohibits dual membership of both chambers of the Cortes or of the Cortes and regional assemblies, meaning that candidates must resign from regional assemblies if elected. Article 70 also makes active judges, magistrates, public defenders, serving military personnel, active police officers and members of constitutional and electoral tribunals ineligible. Article 55, Section 2 of the 1985 electoral law also disqualifies director generals or equivalent leaders of state monopolies and public bodies such as the Spanish state broadcaster RTVE.
|People's Party (PP)||10,321,178||44.52||+5.73||183||+27|
|Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)||7,918,752||34.16||−3.47||125||−16|
|United Left (IU)||1,263,043||5.45||−5.09||8||−13|
|Convergence and Union (CiU)||970,421||4.19||−0.41||15||−1|
|Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ-PNV)||353,953||1.53||+0.26||7||+2|
|Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG)||306,268||1.32||+0.44||3||+1|
|Canarian Coalition (CC)||248,261||1.07||+0.19||4||±0|
|Andalusian Party (PA)||206,255||0.89||+0.35||1||+1|
|Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC)||194,715||0.84||+0.17||1||±0|
|Initiative for Catalonia Greens (ICV)||119,290||0.51||New||1||+1|
|Basque Solidarity (EA)||100,742||0.43||−0.03||1||±0|
|Aragonese Union (CHA)||75,356||0.33||+0.13||1||+1|
|Votes cast / turnout||23,339,490||68.71||−8.67|
|Source: Ministry of the Interior|
On April 26, José María Aznar was invested Prime Minister for a second term by the Congress of Deputies, thanks to the absolute majority of his party. Also supporting Aznar were CiU and Canarian Coalition. To date, this is the only investiture voting in which all 350 deputies voted either Yes or No, without abstentions or absences.
|Yes||PP (183), CiU (15), CC (4)||202|
|No||PSOE (125), IU (8), PNV (7), BNG (3)
CHA (1), ERC (1), PA (1), EA (1), ICV (1)
- General features of Spanish electoral system, ElectionResources.org accessed 20 April 2011
- "The Spanish Constitution of 1978".
- Electoral Law
- "Law governing electoral procedures". Retrieved 6 March 2011.
- Votaciones de investidura, mociones de confianza, mociones de censura desde 1979 - Historia Electoral