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At first, rock music were influenced by the rounding countries like France or Italy. Despite Francoist censorship, many albums were released and mass media started to introduce the new sounds of international music. The most important rock scenes were in Madrid, Zaragoza , Sevilla and Cádiz and Barcelona and Valencia.
Triana on the recording studio of their debut album.
While mainstream Spanish rock declined during this decade, the underground scenes of Progressive rock and Rock urbano emerged. Spanish progressive rock was a commercial failure. At mid 1970's a new style called Andalusian Rock that combines Flamenco with prog rock started to gain some popularity with bands like Triana. During Spanish transition at late 1970's, hard rock acts appeared. Some hard rock bands influenced by early punk rock like Leño pioneered the Rock urbano movement.
The band Héroes del Silencio achieved international success hitting some European charts and Latin America. Los Rodríguez also became popular in Spain and Latin America. However, at mid 1990's some cult bands like Extremoduro or Platero y Tú started to achieve mainstream success. Indie rock bands like Los Planetas appeared. Ska-punk band Ska-P and folk metal Mägo de Oz emerged showing the rise of rock diversification.