Spanish rock

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Spanish rock is the term for rock music produced in Spain, not to be mistaken with Spanish-language rock. Despite most of the bands formed in Spain have sung in Spanish, there have been many other that have sung in English, French and Italian; in addition to the other languages spoken in the same country such as Catalan, Galician, Basque, Aragonese or Asturian.

History[edit]

Beginnings (1950's - early 1960's)[edit]

At first, rock music were influenced by the rounding countries like France or Italy. Despite Francoist censorship, many albums were released and mass media started to introduce the new sounds of international music. The most important rock scenes were in Madrid, Zaragoza , Sevilla and Cádiz and Barcelona and Valencia.

First Golden Era(1960's)[edit]

The rock in Spain started to spread nationally. After the British Invasion, many artists such as Los Bravos, Lone Star, Los Brincos or Miguel Ríos appeared. Los Brincos achieved some international success in France, Portugal and Italy. Los Bravos hit some international charts with their single Black Is Black and also Mike Ríos with the song A Song of Joy.

Slight Spanish rock decline (1970's)[edit]

Triana on the recording studio of their debut album.

While mainstream Spanish rock declined during this decade, the underground scenes of Progressive rock and Rock urbano emerged. Spanish progressive rock was a commercial failure. At mid 1970's a new style called Andalusian Rock that combines Flamenco with prog rock started to gain some popularity with bands like Triana. During Spanish transition at late 1970's, hard rock acts appeared. Some hard rock bands influenced by early punk rock like Leño pioneered the Rock urbano movement.

Second Golden Era (1980's)[edit]

Punk rock in Spain started their most succesful stage with bands like La Polla Records or Eskorbuto. La Movida madrileña was a countercultural movement that produced many bands influenced by Punk and New Wave such as Radio Futura, Alaska y Dinarama, Gabinete Caligari, Nacha Pop, Loquillo y los Trogloditas or Los Secretos. Since many of the bands form La Movida didn't achieve enough commercial success, many discographies left them supporting other bands like Mecano which achieved some international success. Hard rock acts such as Los Suaves or Barricada emerged with lack of promotion. Heavy metal bands also appeared at early 1980's like Barón Rojo or Obús.

1990's - Present[edit]

Héroes del Silencio playing live in 2007.

The band Héroes del Silencio achieved international success hitting some European charts and Latin America. Los Rodríguez also became popular in Spain and Latin America. However, at mid 1990's some cult bands like Extremoduro or Platero y Tú started to achieve mainstream success. Indie rock bands like Los Planetas appeared. Ska-punk band Ska-P and folk metal Mägo de Oz emerged showing the rise of rock diversification.