Spanish ship San Agustín (1768)

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Career (Spain) Spanish Navy Ensign
Name: San Agustín
Builder: Guarnizo (Santander)
Launched: 1768
Fate: Wrecked, 22 October 1805
General characteristics
Class & type: 74-gun ship of the line
Tons burthen: 2,700 long tons (2,743.3 t)
Complement: 530 officers and men
Armament:

74 guns:

  • Gundeck: 28 × 26 pdrs
  • Upper gundeck: 30 × 18 pdrs
  • Quarterdeck: 16 × 8 pdrs

The San Agustín was a 74-gun ship of the line built at the royal shipyard in Guarnizo (Santander) and launched in 1768.[1]

She was captured by Portugal in 1776, but returned the following year.[2]

In January 1780, during the American War of Independence, she was part of a squadron of 11 of the line under command of Admiral Don Juan de Lángara left on patrol off Cape St. Vincent to intercept an expected British convoy for Gibraltar. But when the British fleet under Sir George Rodney appeared, it greatly outnumbered the Spanish squadron with 18 ships of the line. The result was the Battle of Cape St. Vincent (1780), off the stormy, dark cliffs of Cape Santa María through the afternoon and evening of 16 January 1780. Six Spanish ships of the line were captured and one destroyed. The San Agustín and San Genaro were the only Spanish ships of the line to escape unscathed.

During the Napoleonic wars, she fought at the Battle of Algeciras in 1801 and the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805.

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ p208-9, 226-7, Goodwin The Ships of Trafalgar, the British, French and Spanish Fleets October 1805. Page 208 says launched 1768, whilst 226 says launched 1769
  2. ^ Robert J. King, "Arthur Phillip Defensor de Colónia, Governador de Nova Gales do Sul", Anais de História de Além-Mar [Portugal], 2005 (6), pp.339-349; English and Spanish translations at: http://web.viu.ca/black/amrc/index.htm

Sources[edit]