Spanish wine regions

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DO & DOCa wine regions of Spain
VdlT wine regions of Spain

The mainstream quality wine regions in Spain are referred to as Denominaciones de Origen (similar to the French Appellations) and the wine they produce is regulated for quality according to specific laws.

In compliance with European Commission Regulation (CE) 753/2002, Spanish wines are classified into two categories, which in turn are further classified into sub-categories depending on the strictness of the criteria applied in producing the type of wine in question:[1]

  • Quality Wines Produced in a Specified Region (QWPSR) (Vino de Calidad Producido en Región Determinada (VCPRD) in Spanish)
    • Vino de Pago (VP, formerly also DO de Pago): these wine regions aspire to the very highest standards with extremely strict geographical criteria, centering on individual single-estates with an international reputation. There are currently 14 estates with this status.
    • Denominación de Origen Calificada (DOCa) (Denominació d'Origen Qualificada (DOQ) in Catalan): regions with a proven track record of consistent quality. There are only two wine regions with this status: Rioja and Priorat.
    • Denominación de Origen (DO) (Denominació d'Origen in Catalan, Denominación de Orixe in Galician and Jatorrizko Deitura in Basque): mainstream quality-wine regions. There are 66 wine regions with this status.
    • Vino de Calidad con Indicación Geográfica. A "starter home" for wine regions climbing the quality ladder. There are two wine regions with this status.
  • Table Wine (Vino de Mesa in Spanish)
    • Vino de la Tierra (VdlT) "Country wines" which do not have EU QWPSR status but which may use a regional name. There are currently 46 Vino de la Tierra regions in Spain.
    • Vino de Mesa (Table Wine) is bulk-grown, usually drawn from a wide variety of regions and hence has no vintage or area designation on the label, apart from "Produce of Spain". Production of this low grade of Spanish wine is falling year on year.

In 2006 a new Vino de la Tierra "super-region" was created called Viñedos de España (not listed below) which is permitted to blend wines from 11 different Spanish regions. This has yet to be ratified by the EU, however, and has been legally challenged by the regional governments of La Rioja and Castile and León.[2]

Although almost all wine regions are confined to specific centres of production, some of the top denominaciones (Cava and Rioja in particular) are the product of more than one Autonomous Community. This is in contrast to Vinos de Pago, where the location criteria are very strict indeed, often centering on specific plots of land and admitting only those wines produced in their immediate vicinity.[3]

List of Spanish Denominaciones de Origen Protegido and Vinos de la Tierra by Community[edit]

Autonomous
Community
Dominiación de Origen Protegido (DOP)
(DOCa and Vino de Pago in bold)
Vinos de la Tierra (VdlT)
(VCPRD in bold)
Andalusia

Condado de Huelva
Granada
Jerez-Xeres-Sherry
Lebrija
Málaga (wine)
Manzanilla Sanlúcar de Barrameda
Montilla-Moriles
Sierras de Málaga

Altiplano de Sierra Nevada
Bailén
Cádiz
Córdoba
Cumbres de Guadalfeo
Desierto de Almería
Laderas del Genil
Laujar-Alpujarra
Los Palacios
Norte de Almería
Ribera del Andarax
Sierra Norte de Sevilla
Sierra Sur de Jaén
Sierras de Las Estancias y Los Filabres
Torreperogil
Villaviciosa de Córdoba

Aragon

Calatayud
Campo de Borja
Cariñena
Somontano
Cava (multi-regional)

Pago Aylés (Vino de Pago)

Bajo Aragón
Ribera del Gállego-Cinco Villas
Ribera del Jiloca
Ribera del Queiles (multi-regional)
Valdejalón
Valle del Cinca

Asturias Cangas (none)
Cantabria (none) Costa de Cantabria
Liébana
Castile and León

Arlanza
Arribes
Bierzo
Cigales
Ribera del Duero
Rueda
Sierra de Salamanca
Tierra de León
Tierra del Vino de Zamora
Toro
Valles de Benavente
Valtiendas

Cava (multi-regional)

Castilla y León

Castile-La Mancha

Almansa
Jumilla (multi-regional)
La Mancha
Manchuela
Méntrida
Mondéjar
Ribera del Júcar
Uclés
Valdepeñas

Campo de La Guardia (Vino de Pago)
Casa Del Blanco (Vino de Pago)
Dehesa del Carrizal (Vino de Pago)
Dominio de Valdepusa (Vino de Pago)
Finca Élez (Vino de Pago)
Guijoso (Vino de Pago)
Pago Calzadilla (Vino de Pago)
Pago Florentino (Vino de Pago)

Castilla
Catalonia

Alella
Catalunya
Conca de Barberà
Costers del Segre
Empordà
Montsant
Penedès
Pla de Bages
Priorat (DOCa)
Tarragona
Terra Alta
Cava (multi-regional)

(none)
Community of Madrid Vinos de Madrid (none)
Valencian Community

Alicante
Utiel-Requena
Valencia
Cava (multi-regional)
El Terrerazo (Vino de Pago)
Los Balagueses (Vino de Pago)

Castelló
Extremadura

Ribera del Guadiana
Cava (multi-regional)

Extremadura
Galicia

Monterrei
Rías Baixas
Ribeira Sacra
Ribeiro
Valdeorras

Barbanza e Iria
Betanzos
Valle del Miño-Orense

Balearic Islands

Binissalem
Plà i Llevant

Formentera
Ibiza
Illes Balears
Mallorca
Isla de Menorca
Serra de Tramuntana-Costa Nord

Canary Islands[4][5]

Abona
El Hierro
Gran Canaria
Islas Canarias (DO)
La Gomera
La Palma
Lanzarote
Tacoronte-Acentejo
Valle de Güímar
Valle de la Orotava
Ycoden-Daute-Isora

(none)
Foral Community of Navarre

Navarra
Rioja (multi-regional)
Cava (multi-regional)
Pago de Arínzano (Vino de Pago)[6]
Pago de Otazu (Vino de Pago)
Prado de Irache (Vino de Pago)

Ribera del Queiles (multi-regional)
Basque Country

Txacolí de Bizcaia
Txacolí de Getaria
Txacolí de Álava
Rioja (Alavesa) (multi-regional)
Cava (multi-regional)

(none)
Murcia

Alicante
Bullas
Jumilla (multi-regional)
Yecla

Abanilla
Campo de Cartagena

La Rioja Rioja (DOCa)

Cava (multi-regional)

Valles de Sadacia


References[edit]