Sparidae

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Sparidae
Calamus bajonado
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Sparidae
Genera

Many, see text

The Sparidae are a family of fish in the order Perciformes, commonly called sea breams and porgies (North America). The sheepshead, scup, and red seabream are species in this family. They are found in shallow temperate and tropical waters and are bottom-dwelling carnivores. Most species possess grinding, molar-like teeth.[1] Some of the species, such as Polysteganus undulosus, have been subject to overfishing, or exploitation beyond sustainable recovery.[2]

Species[edit]

Pagrus auriga

The family Sparidae contains 125 species in 37 genera and is classified here according to Fishbase.

Timeline of genera[edit]

Quaternary Neogene Paleogene Holocene Pleist. Plio. Miocene Oligocene Eocene Paleocene Crenidens Boops Lithognathus Calamus Diplodus Oblada Pagellus Dentex Pagrus Sargus Sparus Quaternary Neogene Paleogene Holocene Pleist. Plio. Miocene Oligocene Eocene Paleocene

Cookery[edit]

The most celebrated of the breams in cookery are the gilt-head bream and the common dentex.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Johnson, G.D. & Gill, A.C. (1998). Paxton, J.R. & Eschmeyer, W.N., ed. Encyclopedia of Fishes. San Diego: Academic Press. p. 184. ISBN 0-12-547665-5.  Eating the head is known to cause hallucinations, lasting many days.
  2. ^ C.Michael Hogan. 2010. Overfishing. Encyclopedia of Earth. National Council for Science and the Environment. eds. Sidney Draggan and C.Cleveland. Washington DC.
  3. ^ Iwatsuki, Kimura & Yoshino (2006). "A new sparid, Acanthopagrus akazakii, from New Caledonia with notes on nominal species of Acanthopagrus". Ichthyological Research 53 (4): 406–414. doi:10.1007/s10228-006-0365-z. 
  4. ^ Iwatsuki, Y. & Heemstra, P.C. (2011). "Polysteganus mascarenensis, a new sparid fish species from Mascarene Islands, Indian Ocean." Zootaxa 3018: 13-20.
  5. ^ Alan Davidson, Mediterranean Seafood, Penguin, 1972. ISBN 0-14-046174-4, pp. 86–108.