Sparkill Creek

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Coordinates: 41°02′18″N 73°54′26″W / 41.03833°N 73.90722°W / 41.03833; -73.90722
Sparkill Creek
River
SparkillCreek TidalSection.jpg
Sparkill Creek viewed from Ferdon Ave.
Country USA
States New York, New Jersey
Counties Rockland, Bergen
Tributaries
 - right Sparkill Brook
Source
 - location Clausland Mountain in Orangetown, Rockland County, New York, USA
 - elevation 230 ft (70 m)
 - coordinates 41°03′50″N 73°56′40″W / 41.06389°N 73.94444°W / 41.06389; -73.94444
Mouth Hudson River
 - location Piermont, Rockland County, New York, USA
 - elevation 0 ft (0 m)
 - coordinates 41°02′18″N 73°54′26″W / 41.03833°N 73.90722°W / 41.03833; -73.90722
Length 8 mi (13 km)

Sparkill Creek, is a tributary of the Hudson River in Rockland County, New York and Bergen County, New Jersey in the United States.

Sparkill Creek is eight miles long and begins from runoff from Clausland Mountain in Orangetown, New York. Small tributaries feed the creek as it flows through the hamlets of Blauvelt, Orangeburg, and Tappan, New York, the borough of Northvale, New Jersey, the hamlets of Palisades and Sparkill, and finally the village of Piermont, New York before emptying into the Hudson River at Piermont Marsh. The creek is spanned in its tidal section by the Sparkill Creek Drawbridge, which was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1985.[1]

The creek is rich in history, beauty and ecological significance,[2] however its watershed has faced threats from Rockland County's population boom following the construction of the Tappan Zee Bridge[3] which have affeced the health of the creek. The creek's flooding, as well as the pollution run off have caused problems for the areas through which it flows.[4] Fear of damage to a number of important historic sites from flooding has prompted some state aid to address the problem.[5]

Etymology[edit]

The name Sparkill comes from the Dutch spar and the Middle Dutch kille, which translates literally to “Spruce Creek”. In this sense, the name Sparkill Creek is technically redundant as it would mean “Spruce Creek Creek”. The Dutch naming is reflective of the New York-New Jersey region, which features similarly named waterways, such as the nearby Dwars Kill, and others such as the Arthur Kill, Kill Van Kull, Jan De Bakker's Kill, and Beaver Kill.

Course[edit]

Sparkill Creek rises along the south border of Blauvelt State Park on the western flank of Clausland Mountain, part of the Hudson River Palisades. Coursing south, it enters the hamlets of Blauvelt and Orangeburg, flowing under NY 303 twice as it winds towards the hamlet of Tappan. Just north of the hamlet of Sparkill, the creek turns to the southwest and passes beneath the Palisades Interstate Parkway and, again, NY 303. Turning south again, the creek passes through downtown Tappan and crosses the New York border, entering Northvale, New Jersey. The creek abruptly turns to the east in Northvale, flowing a short distance before crossing the state line again and reemerging back into New York. Between Tappan and the hamlet of Palisades, Sparkill Brook joins the Creek from the south as its turns to the northeast and enters the Sparkill Gap, a break in the ridge of the Hudson River Palisades.[6]

Passing beneath US 9W and through the hamlet of Sparkill, the creek is impounded by a small dam forming Moore’s Mill Pond. Below this dam it is impounded by a larger dam, forming Ferdon Mill Pond. Downstream of the large dam, part of a former mill complex in Piermont, the creek becomes tidal. This section of the creek was once navigable to commercial vessel traffic from the Hudson River, but it is now blocked by a low, fixed span, the Ferdon Ave Bridge, a quarter mile downstream of the former mill complex. Immediately before the Ferdon Ave Bridge is its predecessor, the Sparkill Creek Drawbridge, which when operational opened to allow Hudson River vessel traffic to travel upstream.

The portion of Sparkill Creek downstream of the Ferdon Ave Bridge is navigable to motorized vessels, and homes along this section of the waterway have docks for their watercraft. NOAA nautical chart #12343 Hudson River to Wappinger Creek covers this section of the creek,[7] and the electronic navigation version of this chart shows the majority of water depths along the waterway to be 0.6 meter, or approximately two feet, with some deeper and shallower spots.[8] The final section of the creek meanders three quarters of a mile through the Piermont Marsh before terminating at the Hudson River just south of Piermont Pier.[7][8]

Tributaries[edit]

Sparkill Brook[edit]

Sparkill Brook is the chief tributary of Sparkill Creek. It flows generally north through New Jersey, beginning in Alpine and coursing through Norwood and Rockleigh before crossing the New York State border and merging with Sparkill Creek between the hamlets of Tappan and Palisades.[6] Confusingly, GNIS actually lists two entries for Sparkill Creek (IDs 880777 and 965946), one with the source just south of Blauvelt State Park (the head of Sparkill Creek proper), and one with the source in Alpine, New Jersey (the head of Sparkill Brook).[9][10] This is consistent with historical works which show the source of Sparkill Creek to be either in New Jersey or New York, or both, with Sparkill Creek simply having a north and south branch.

Diversions[edit]

Tappan Run Diversion[edit]

United Water, a subsidiary of Suez Environnement, maintains a diversion system on Sparkill Creek in Northvale, New Jersey. The diversion allows water from Sparkill Creek (Hudson River Basin) to be released into Tappan Run (Hackensack River Basin).[11] Tappan Run flows into Dorotockey’s Run and ultimately the Oradell Reservoir, which is managed by United Water.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  2. ^ Gumucio, Ron X (2002-12-23). "Exhibit to Focus on Sparkill Creek". The Journal News. Retrieved 2011-05-29. 
  3. ^ "Rockland History". The Journal News. 2008-06-03. Retrieved 2011-05-29. 
  4. ^ "Jaffee Announces $1.2 Million for Sparkill Creek". 2008-06-02. Retrieved 2011-05-29. 
  5. ^ Adely, Hannan (2008-06-03). "Orangetown gets $1.2 million to ease flooding along Sparkill Creek". The Journal News. p. A3. Retrieved 2011-05-29. 
  6. ^ a b Topoquest (Map Center: N41.02360, W73.93973; overview of Sparkill Creek watershed). Topoquest.com, 2008-2010. Retrieved 2011-09-03.
  7. ^ a b NOAA Navigational Chart #12343, Hudson River to Wappinger Creek. 19th Edition, corrected though Oct-05. Available as a NOAA Raster Navigational Chart at the NOAA Office of Coast Survey RNC Downloads website.
  8. ^ a b NOAA Electronic Navigation Chart US5NY42M, Hudson River Yonkers to Piermont. View Online.
  9. ^ "Sparkill Creek". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2011-09-03. 
  10. ^ "Sparkill Creek". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2011-09-03. 
  11. ^ USGS Water Data Report 2009 - 01376272 Sparkill Creek Diversion at Northvale, NJ. Summary of Annual Hydrologic Conditions - 2009. Available Online