Spartakus and the Sun Beneath the Sea
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (December 2012)|
|Spartakus and the Sun Beneath the Sea|
The Inquisitors of the Living Crystal from episodes 2 and 28.
|Created by||Nina Wolmark|
|Country of origin||France|
|No. of seasons||2|
|No. of episodes||52|
|Running time||20-25 minutes|
|Original channel||Antenne 2|
|Original run||September 17, 1985– 1987|
Note: In some cases the names of characters, places, and things were changed for the English version. The original name appears in parentheses.
Spartakus and the Sun Beneath the Sea (French Les Mondes Engloutis, "The Engulfed Worlds") is a French animated series created by Nina Wolmark. The series consists of 52 episodes, each between 20 and 25 minutes in length, divided into two 26-episode seasons.
Ever since the time of the Great Cataclysm, the Arkadians have lived deep in the center of the Earth. They believed they were the only survivors of this great devastation. Their civilization thrived under the power of their sun, the Tehra...until it began to fail. In desperation, the children of Arkadia broke the law and entered the forbidden Archives, searching for a solution. What they discovered gave them hope. Anxiously, they used their special powers and created a messenger to the people above. They named her Arkana...
The lost city of Arkadia (named for Arcadia) resembles a small Alderson Disk, and is home to an ancient civilization which escaped a Great Cataclysm by relocating deep within the Earth's crust. Unaware that life continued on the Earth's surface, and hoping to keep their people safe, the elders sealed all records of their past in the city's Archives.
Arkadia survives by the light of an artificial sun, the Tehra (Shagma), which is dying. A group of Arkadian children defy the law and enter the Archives. With information about the world above, they create a messenger, Arkana, and send her above to find help.
Arkana encounters two children from the surface, Matt and his sister Rebecca, and brings them back through the underground strata to save Arkadia. They travel in a living turtle type spaceship called Tehrig, along with Spartakus (a mysterious wanderer) and Bic and Bac (a pair of pangolin-like creatures), Arkadia's mascots.
Arkana: The Arkadian children created her out of stone with the help of the Tehra's rainbow light, as an avatar of the Arkadians. As she was made in the image of the surface dwellers, having legs, unlike the Arkadians themselves. She is a well-meaning but naïve magician, capable of telekinetic feats and projecting illusions. Her mission is to seek help from above in repairing the Tehra. She is referred to by the show's villains as the "supergeophysical gal."
Bic and Bac: Among the oldest living things in Arkadia, these two happy little animals are the best of friends, and enjoy dancing to their song, the "Flashbick." They are a kind of pangolin anteater, but unlike their real-life relatives, they have no scales or claws. They are affectionate, clever and playful, and can make fire by rubbing their noses together.
Matthew "Matt" (Bob) and Rebecca: Brother and sister, these children from above ground join Arkana and Spartakus on their quest to save Arkadia. Matt is the older of the two, and tries to protect his overeager sister, whom he affectionately calls "half-pint."
Spartakus: Formerly a gladiator in the city of Barkar, this young man escaped slavery following a revolt. His gauntlet conceals a magic crossbow and grappling hook, and can cause reactions when in close proximity to Arkadian artifacts. He remembers very little about his past, but often hums the songs his father taught him. His character is based on the historical Spartacus.
Tehrig (ShagShag): The only creature allowed free access to the Archives was Tehrig, an intelligent robotic vehicle vaguely shaped like a giant trilobite a.k.a. a turtle. It secretly helped the children of Arkadia gain entry to the records and serves Arkana and her friends as a transport. Though its computer brain dates back to before the Great Cataclysm and possesses an encyclopedic database, there are large holes in its memory. It also contains a number of tiny robots called Triggies (Shaggies) that it can mobilize to distract enemies or repair itself.
The Pirates of the Seas: Members of the Interstrata Marine Pirate Federation, these "punk pirates" roam the strata seeking helpless voyagers to rob or enslave, and they frequently show up to menace the show's heroes. Their appearance is marked by a recurring theme song and dance performance. Their society is structured in the guise of a democracy controlled through mass media.
- Nasty Max (Maxagaze pun with "Masque à gaz" (gas mask)) has a large blue mohawk and leads the vicious band.
- Mighty Matt (Mattymatte), a simple-minded pirate with a small red mohawk, is Max's sidekick.
- Massmedia is Max's girlfriend and broadcasts station FIPIRATE from her radio craft. Her mohawk is blonde.
- Sleazeappeal (Seskapil, wordplay on "sex appeal" ), a sophisticated pirate with a green mohawk.
Brigands of the Fjords: The Pirates of the Seas' rivals throughout the series. The only identified member is their leader, Ringmar, who frequently competes with Nasty Max for leadership of the nested worlds' rogues.
Shagmir and Loria: Are the two of Arkadia's elders. Arkana was presented to them and sent on her quest to the surface world. They tended to not believe the existence of any life on the surface.
The Inquisitors of the Living Crystal: This three-person tribunal of blue-skinned judges is first seen in the second episode of the first season, "Le cristal vivant" ("The Living Crystal"). They try to make Galileo renounce his claims of a world beyond the Living Crystal. They have the group captured and psychologically tested to convince them that they are beings who were caught in the Living Crystal and are suffering "a deformation of time". They are even prepared to re-crystallize Tehrig if Galileo does not renounce his beliefs. They are seen again in the second episode of the second season, "L'échiquier des mondes" ("The Most Dangerous Game").
Arkshag: Spartakus' nemesis and guardian of the Prisoners of the Lost Time.
Emperor Qin: The ruler of a Chinese-like empire within the strata. He marched out to conquer Arkadia. He was eventually killed amongst his army of clay robot-like warriors.
Galileo: A strata version of the real-world Galileo; he lives in the Living Crystal. When he discovers the group imprisoned in a crystallized Tehrig, he breaks them free. Their existence proves the prohibited theory that there is life outside of the living crystal. After being forced to deny the truth, he was allowed to leave with the group, but at the last moment returned home.
Gog and Magog: two monstrous creatures sharing the same body. They are unintentionally released to rage havoc by Arkana, who is misled by the Phoenix into using her powers. In the end they are both forced back to their own world.
Demosthenes: A famous spokesman, kidnapped by Nasty Max in order to help him learn the art of speaking and thus win election as leader of the Interstrata Pirate Federation. He was banished from his country because he did not have the walls repaired.
The Mogokhs: A nomadic warrior people who oppress and steal from others. They are notable for their invincibility. They never get down from their mounts for fear of being trampled to death.
Méo and Myra: A grandfather and his granddaughter who live in a village pillaged by the Mogokhs. They seek aid from the group, who help them overcome the Mogokhs.
Starkus: A scientist and Star Healer on board a space ship, he investigates and tries to "cure stars". He met with Rebecca and Matt and welcomed them. Upon hearing that they were accompanied by Spartakus and Arkana, he immediately disappears. Later, when the group returns to their own time and place (in the episode "Star Healer"), he contacts them via Tehrig and informs the surprised Arkana and Spartakus that they are his ancestors.
Thot: A strange creature that lives in the ancient ruins of a long-destroyed city. He kidnaps Arkana, but without intending to hurt her. He is shot by Spartakus when he tries to protect Arkana, but is only slightly wounded.
Rainbow: Spartakus's younger brother, he grew up in luxury as the adopted son of the Lanista (trainer of gladiators) of Barkar. Unlike his brother, Rainbow is cruel and nihilistic. After the Lanista was overthrown, Rainbow began to wander the nested worlds.
Releases outside of television
- The show's popularity in France led to the songs being released on several records in the 1980s.
- In France, a set of DVDs was released of the program around 2000.
- On 8 August 2010, Nina Wolmark reached an agreement with Lions Gate Entertainment for the movie production company to begin development of a script which could be made into the first film within a trilogy. Tentative schedule is for script to complete review by 4th quarter 2011. Film would commence pre-production in 2012. The first film is to focus on the early life and person of Spartakus and will be a prequel to the events which take place in the animated show. UPDATE - Greenligth Act I & II storyboard reviews, mid-June 2012. UPDATE - Pre-production canceled; Development suspended indefinitely per inability to secure film copyrights.
The English version aired on the American cable television network Nickelodeon from 1985 to 1987 and in reruns on early Sunday mornings through 1990. In the United Kingdom, the Cartoon Network broadcast the series. It also aired on YTV in Canada around 1989. The Menudo closing song was never used for this version.
The show also had the following versions:
- A Hungarian translation (Az elsüllyedt világok, "The Sunken Worlds"). It was originally aired on Magyar Televízió in 1988 (and later re-aired in 1990), and was rebroadcast in 2005 on the children's television channel Minimax.
- A Czech translation (Spartakus a podmořské slunce) of the first season.
- A Japanese translation (Onigiri Arkadia Monogatari, おにぎり・アルカディア物語).
- A Korean translation (title unknown).
- A Latin-American Spanish translation (Espartaco y el Sol Bajo el Mar).
- A Spanish translation (Los Mundos Sumergidos, reaired as Shagma in 2000).
- A Turkish translation (Kayıp Dünyalar, "Lost Worlds").
- A Greek translation (Σάγκμα, ταξίδι στο κέντρο της γης, "Shagma, journey to the center of the earth").
- A Romanian translation (Spartacus şi soarele de dincolo de mări), premiered in 2005 on the Romanian Minimax, simultaneously with the Hungarian re-runs. Until January 2010, only the first season was dubbed.
- A Polish translation (Szagma albo zaginione światy, "Shagma or the lost worlds").
- An Italian translation (I mondi sommersi).
- A Zulu/Xhosa translation in 1999
- Since the names of the pirates were all based on puns, these were changed in every version to names that fit the languages to which they were translated.
- The English version had a large number of name changes. Since the word shag found in most of the characters and terms associated with Arkadia (e.g. Shagshag, Shagmir, the Shagma, etc.) has a meaning in British slang of sexual intercourse, new names were invented for these. For similar reasons, the pirate Seskapil's name was changed to Sleazeappeal.
- In the English version, Rebecca's brother Bob was renamed to Matt. The reason behind this change is unknown.
- The MacGuffin magical metal was called orichalcum (orichalque) in the original version, but "auracite" in the English version.
- The songs were translated and re-sung by the voice actors in each version.
- In the U.S. and Latin-American versions, a new theme song was featured in the second season. The new song was performed by the boy band Menudo in English for the U.S. version and in Spanish for the Latin-American version.
- Cypriot singer Anna Vissi performed the theme song of the Greek version.
- When the Hungarian version was rebroadcast on television in 2005, Minimax used the original dub from the archives of Magyar Televízió. As of January 9, 2010, this same channel premiered the second season, dubbed in 2009. While the first season was translated from the original French, the second season uses English titles and source script, which produced certain changes in translations of certain names of characters and concepts from the show.
List of episodes
- The City of Arkadia
- Living Crystal
- Between Two Worlds
- Arkana and the Beast
- The Pirate Klub
- The Law of the Mogokhs
- Night of the Amazons
- The Capture of Demosthenes
- Tada and the Royal Insignia
- The Icy Web
- The Pirate Convention
- Out of Control
- Children...and Mice
- The Gladiators of Barkar
- The Emperor Quin and the Eighth Kingdom
- The Dark Hole
- The Drummer
- Rebecca, Pirate of the Sea
- Star Healer
- The Prisoners of Lost Time
- Emergency Landing
- The Court of Miracles
- Interstratas War
- The Defeat of Gog and Magog
- Dr. Test
- The Secret of the Auracite
- Prophecy of the Auracite
- The Most Dangerous Game
- The Tightrope
- The Twisted Rainbow
- High-Risk Highrise
- The Boy Pharaoh
- The Floating Casino
- Prince Matt
- The Land of the Chameleons
- The Token of the Manitou
- The Master of the Tongues
- The Land of the Great Spider
- The Ransom of Peace
- The Triangle of the Deep
- Uncle Albert
- Tehrig's Nightmare
- Rainbow's End
- Holiday Fever
- The Shadow of the Tehra
- The Temple of the Condor
- Mama Thot
- Gateway to Dawn
- The Path of Light
- The Return of the Prisoners of the Lost Time