Spavinaw, Oklahoma

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Spavinaw, Oklahoma
Town
Location of Spavinaw, Oklahoma
Location of Spavinaw, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 36°23′33″N 95°2′55″W / 36.39250°N 95.04861°W / 36.39250; -95.04861Coordinates: 36°23′33″N 95°2′55″W / 36.39250°N 95.04861°W / 36.39250; -95.04861
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Mayes
Area
 • Total 0.4 sq mi (1.0 km2)
 • Land 0.4 sq mi (1.0 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 696 ft (212 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 437
 • Density 1,092.5/sq mi (437.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 74366
Area code(s) 539/918
FIPS code 40-69050[1]
GNIS feature ID 1098342[2]

Spavinaw is a town in Mayes County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 437 at the 2010 census, a decline of 22.4 percent from 563 at the 2000 census.[3] The town is best known as the birthplace of baseball player Mickey Mantle. It is also notable for the nearby Lake Spavinaw, the principal source of water for Tulsa, Oklahoma.

History[edit]

The first recorded settler here was Lewis Rogers, son of Captain John Rogers. Lewis set up a mill, a distillery and a salt works in 1829. In 1839, the Eastern Cherokees began moving into the Spavinaw area of Indian Territory. The Cherokee council outlawed the operation of distilleries in their area and dispossessed Rogers of his distillery and the salt works., both of which had already been damaged by a flooding of Spavinaw Creek.[4]

In 1846, Jacob Croft, a Mormon en route to Utah, decided to settle here instead. He was hired by Joseph Lynch Martin to restore the mill. In 1855, a group of Mormon missionaries from Utah arrived at Croft's home and began converting Cherokees and Creeks. When they began urging the converts to move to Utah, Lewis Rogers complained to the Cherokee council. In October 1856, Chief John Ross ordered all Mormons out of the Cherokee nation.[4]

After the Civil War, Joseph Lynch, brother-in-law of Joseph Lynch Martin, began operating the mill and the salt works.[4]

Geography[edit]

Spavinaw is located at 36°23′33″N 95°2′55″W / 36.39250°N 95.04861°W / 36.39250; -95.04861 (36.392585, -95.048665)[5].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2), all of it land. The town is also host to Lake Spavinaw, the main water supplier of The City of Tulsa.

Demographics[edit]

At the 2010 census Spavinaw had a population of 437. The racial and ethnic composition of the population was 59.3% non-Hispanic, white 27.9%, non-Hispanic Native American 2.1%, Hispanic Native American, 9.2% reporting two or more races and 4.3% Hispanic or Latino of any race.[6]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 563 people, 215 households, and 141 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,450.8 per square mile (557.4/km²). There were 290 housing units at an average density of 747.3 per square mile (287.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 63.06% White, 26.11% Native American, 0.53% from other races, and 10.30% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.73% of the population.

There were 215 households out of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.7% were married couples living together, 15.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.0% were non-families. 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the town the population was spread out with 30.0% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 95.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $19,792, and the median income for a family was $22,188. Males had a median income of $24,028 versus $17,750 for females. The per capita income for the town was $11,010. About 28.7% of families and 27.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38.2% of those under the age of 18 and 13.8% of those 65 and older.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

Oklahoma Historical Society. Chronicles of Oklahoma."Lynch's Mill was Spavinaw's Name in Early History." September 1927. Electronic version accessed January 18, 2011.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ CensusViewer:Spavinaw, Oklahoma Population
  4. ^ a b c Thomas, Betty Lou Harper. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Spavinaw."[1]
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ 2010 general profile of population and housing characteristics of Spavinaw from the US Census