Spearmint (horse)

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Spearmint
Spearmint.jpg
Sire Carbine
Grandsire Musket
Dam Maid of the Mint
Damsire Minting
Sex Stallion
Foaled April 6, 1903[1]
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
Colour Bay
Breeder Sir Tatton Sykes
Owner Major Eustace Loder
Trainer Peter-Purcell Gilpin
Record 5: 3-1-0
Earnings Not found
Major wins
Epsom Derby (1906)
Grand Prix de Paris (1906)
Last updated on 17 May 2009

Spearmint (1903–1924) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and a sire. In a brief racing career which lasted from 1905 until June 1906, he ran five times and won three races. After showing moderate form in 1905, he won the Epsom Derby on his seasonal debut at age three and then became the first British horse for twenty years to win France's most important race, the Grand Prix de Paris. He became a successful breeding stallion, siring major winners in Europe and the United States. His daughters produced the winners of eight classic races. Spearmint was placed on the winning sires and brood-mare sires lists on several occasions.

Background[edit]

Spearmint was a bay horse with a white blaze and a white sock on his left foreleg who stood 16 hands high.[1] He was bred by Sir Tatton Sykes at the famous Sledmere Stud in Yorkshire. He was by the outstanding racehorse and sire Carbine, a New Zealand Racing Hall of Fame and Australian Racing Hall of Fame inductee to whom he was said to bear a striking resemblance.[2] His dam was the unraced mare Maid of the Mint, by Minting. The mating of Spearmint's parents had actually been arranged by the Maid of the Mint's owner, Sir James Duke, but an expensive lawsuit then forced him to sell the now pregnant mare to Sir Tatton Sykes.[3] Spearmint was doubly inbred to Stockwell in the 4th and 5th generations (4m x 4f x 5f).[4]

Spearmint was sent to the Doncaster sales as a yearling and was purchased by Major Eustace Loder, who had been impressed by the colt when viewing him at Sledmere. The price of 300 guineas[5] reflected the low opinion held by British breeders of Spearmint's sire.[6] Spearmint was sent into training with Peter Purcell-Gilpin at Newmarket where, according to press reports, he was known as "Tom".[7]

Racing record[edit]

1905: two-year-old season[edit]

Spearmint showed modest form in three starts as a two-year-old in 1905. He made his debut in the £835 Great Foal Plate at Lingfield on 15 July, where he started at odds of 9/4 in a field of ten runners and won by a head in a time of 59.2 seconds, despite meeting interference in running.[2] He was then moved up in class for the Breeders' Foal Plate at Derby Racecourse in September and finished third to Black Arrow. On his final start of the year, he ran in the Richmond Nursery, a handicap race for two-year-olds at the Newmarket Houghton meeting in late October. Carrying top weight, he finished fourth. He was regarded, at best, as the third best juvenile in his stable after the colt Admirable Crichton (a half-brother to Pretty Polly) and the filly Flair. There was some speculation that Spearmint had only been entered in the Derby to act as a pacemaker for one of his more fancied stable companions.[8]

1906: three-year-old season[edit]

Spearmint made good progress over the winter, and Gilpin planned to prepare the colt to challenge for the Grand Prix de Paris[9] at Longchamp in June, a race which had not been won by a British horse since the victory of Spearmint's maternal grandsire Minting in 1886. By spring, however, Admirable Crichton failed to make the expected progress between two and three, while Flair sustained a serious injury after winning the 1000 Guineas, leaving Spearmint as the stable's only viable Derby contender. He did not race in public before the Derby but beat Pretty Polly in a private trial race.[10] and the Cesarewitch winner Hammerkop.[11] When the results of this "private" trial became public, Spearmint began to attract serious support in the betting markets, and his odds fell from 20/1 on 15 May[12] to 11/2 a week later.[13]

At Epsom on 30 May, Spearmint started the 6/1 second favourite behind Lally on 4/1 and was ridden by the American jockey Danny Maher. He faced twenty-one opponents in what was considered an unusually strong field. The race run in fine weather attracted a crowd estimated at 500,000, including King Edward VII.[14] Despite sweating freely in the hot conditions, Spearmint made a strong impression before the start as he demonstrated his "long-sweeping stride"[15] on the way to the start. The early pace was exceptionally strong as the lead passed back and forth between the future St Leger winner Troutbeck and Picton, with Spearmint settled close behind. Two furlongs from the finish, Spearmint produced a strong run to take the lead and pulled ahead "in determined fashion"[9] to win by one and a half lengths from Picton, with Troutbeck two lengths back in third. The winning time of 2:36.8 broke the race record set a year earlier by Cicero by 2.8 seconds. It was the third Derby win in four years for Maher, who had won on Cicero and on Rock Sand in 1903.[16]

Eleven days later, Spearmint was sent to Longchamp for the Grand Prix de Paris, run over a distance of 3000 metres. Ridden by the Irish jockey Bernard Dillon, he started 9/10 favourite in a field of thirteen which included the Prix du Jockey Club winner Maintenon. After a sprint for the lead to the first turn, Spearmint was settled in front by Dillon and held a clear advantage into the straight. The outsider Brisecoeur emerged as his only serious challenger, but Spearmint ran on strongly to win by half a length with Storm finishing third.[17][18] Dillon revealed that he had taken the colt to the lead from the start to forestall any attempts by the French jockeys to impede him. He described Spearmint as "the gamest horse I think I ever was on" and claimed that "the farther we had to go the farther he would have won".[19] Spearmint received a warmer reception from the French crowd than was customary for a British winner,[20] and was even kissed by several "fashionable French ladies".[21] Major Loder was personally congratulated by French President Armand Fallières, who also paid a visit to the racecourse stables to view the winner.[22] During his return from Longchamp, Spearmint had a "remarkable escape" when he emerged from a train accident near Amiens with only minor bruising to his head.[23] Spearmint developed leg problems after his win in Paris, reportedly throwing a splint, and was withdrawn from his remaining engagements in 1906.[24]

Spearmint was kept in training in 1907, but his problems continued and by summer it was becoming clear that his legs would not stand up to further racing.[25][26] He did not run again, and at the end of the year he was retired to stud.

Stud record[edit]

Spearmint stood as a stallion at Major Loder's Old Connell Stud in Ireland. He sired the winners of 295 races for £166,855 in prizemoney, including classic winners in Great Britain, Ireland and the United States. His daughters produced the winners of eight classic races. Spearmint was placed on the winning sires and brood-mare sires lists on several occasions.[27][28]

Among his offspring, he notably sired:

Spearmint died on 24 June 1924.

Pedigree[edit]

Pedigree of Spearmint (GB), bay stallion, 1903[31]
Sire
Carbine (NZ)
B. 1885
Musket (GB)
Bay 1867
Toxophilite Longbow
Legerdemain
West Australian mare
(B. 1857)
West Australian
Brown Bess
Mersey (GB)
Ch. 1874
Knowsley Stockwell
Orlando mare
Clemence Newminster
Eulogy
Dam
Maid of the Mint
1897
Minting
Bay 1883
Lord Lyon Stockwell
Paradigm
Mint Sauce Young Melbourne
Sycee
Warble
Bay 1884
Skylark King Tom
Wheat-Ear
Coturnix Thunderbolt by Stockwell
Fravolina (Family: 1-c)[32]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "PaCONCERNING SPEARMINT". Otago Witness. 11 July 1906. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  2. ^ a b "TURF NOTES". Wairarapa Daily Times. 9 September 1905. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  3. ^ "SPORTING NOTES". Star. 10 August 1906. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  4. ^ a b Morris, Simon; Tesio Power 2000 - Stallions of the World, Syntax Software
  5. ^ "POUR TURF BUDGET". Wanganui Chronicle. 14 July 1906. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  6. ^ "TALK OF THE DAY". Otago Witness. 25 July 1906. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  7. ^ "Sporting". Wanganui Herald. 19 July 1906. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  8. ^ "THE LUCK OF IT". NZ Truth. 11 August 1906. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  9. ^ a b "FIXTURES". Feilding Star. 14 July 1906. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  10. ^ "SPORTING". Wanganui Herald. 27 June 1906. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  11. ^ "NOTES BY "ACHILLES."". Wanganui Herald. 5 July 1906. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  12. ^ "THE ENGLISH DERBY". Marlborough Express. 16 May 1906. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  13. ^ "BRITISH AND FOREIGN". Marlborough Express. 23 May 1906. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  14. ^ "SPORT AND PASTIME". Evening Post. 14 July 1906. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  15. ^ "SPEARMINT'S DERBY WIN". Poverty Bay Herald. 12 July 1906. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  16. ^ "SPORTING NOTES". Star. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  17. ^ "SPORTING". Star. 11 June 1906. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  18. ^ Leicester, Sir Charles, “Bloodstock Breeding”, J.A. Allen & Co, London, 1969
  19. ^ "THE GRAND PRIX DE PARIS". Otago Witness. 8 August 1906. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  20. ^ "SPORTING". Feilding Star. 25 July 1906. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  21. ^ "NEWS AND NOTES". NZ Truth. 28 July 1906. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  22. ^ "Advertisements". Wanganui Herald. 28 July 1906. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  23. ^ "GRAND PRIX DE PARIS. SPEARMINT'S POPULAR, VICTORY". Evening Post. 28 July 1906. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  24. ^ "NOTES BY "ACHILLES". Wanganui Herald. 24 October 1906. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  25. ^ "NOTES BY "ACHILLES."". Wanganui Herald. 3 July 1907. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  26. ^ "SPORT AND PASTIME". Evening Post. 28 September 1907. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  27. ^ a b Ahnert, Rainer L. (editor in chief), Thoroughbred Breeding of the World, Pozdun Publishing, Germany, 1970
  28. ^ Pryor, Peter, The Classic Connection, Cortney Publications, Luton, 1979
  29. ^ ASB: Cyklon (IRE) Retrieved 2010-7-12
  30. ^ Anne Peters. "Plucky Liege". Thoroughbred Heritage. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  31. ^ "SPEARMINT". Otago Witness. 8 August 1906. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  32. ^ "Mustard - Family 1-c". Bloodlines.net. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 

External links[edit]