Special Forces Group (Japan)
|Japanese Special Forces Group|
Official Japanese Special Operations Group Flag
|Active||March 27, 2004 - Present|
|Branch||Japanese Ground Self-Defense Forces|
Domestic and International Counter-Terrorism
|Size||~ 300 operators|
|Part of||Central Readiness Force|
|Garrison/HQ||Narashino Garrison, Funasbashi, Chiba|
|Nickname||SOG/Special Operations Group (Old Name)
TSG (In Japanese)
Special Forces Group/SFG (New Name)
|Takanori Hirata (Colonel)|
|SFG Pin Badge|
The Japanese Special Forces Group (特殊作戦群 Tokushu Sakusen Gun?) is the Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force's counter-terrorist unit established by the former Japanese Defense Agency to counter terrorist activities and deter guerrilla-style attacks on Japanese soil and to conduct military operations, like the 1st Airborne Brigade, against guerrillas or enemy commandos. The unit is based in Narashino, Chiba garrison in Funabashi, Chiba with the 1st Airborne Brigade. The unit was formerly known as the Special Operations Group.
The SFG has been referred to as Japan's Delta Force, due to their specialized role in the Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force. Delta Force personnel had been responsible for assisting the Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force in raising the SFG's foundations prior to its establishment.
In 1998, the Japanese Defense Agency had proposed the formation of a unit in the JGSDF that would handle tasks such as Counter-terrorism with a selected group of JGSDF soldiers from the 1st Airborne Brigade sent to the United States to be trained by Delta Force operators. At the same time, two platoons were created from the brigade as a means of creating the unit's foundations. These consist of the G Platoon (Formation Unit) and the S Platoon (Research Unit).
In 2005, the SFG had deployed four of its operators to serve as bodyguards for the Japanese commander of the Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force's contingent in Iraq under the Japanese Iraq Reconstruction and Support Group.
The unit changed its name on March 26, 2008 from SOG to SFG or the Special Forces Group.
- Commander (Led by a Colonel)
- Executive Officers (Led by a Lieutenant Colonel)
- 1st Department (General Affairs)
- 2nd Department (Intelligence)
- 3rd Department (Planning)
- 4th Department (Supply)
- Headquarters Administration Unit (Led by 3 Majors)
- 1st SFG Company
- 2nd SFG Company
- 3rd SFG Company
- Training Unit
The SFG has access to equipment used by the JGSDF, such as the Komatsu LAVs and Toyota Koukidoushas for transport and reconnaissance use. They also work in conjunction with the 1st Helicopter Brigade to provide mobility support, though they can be also deployed via C-130 Hercules aircraft.
As part of regulating and protecting the identities of the various soldiers serving in the SFG, their faces are hidden in balaclavas and cannot be revealed except with authorization from their commanding officers. It is said that personnel cannot enter certain areas of their Narashino camp, such as the SFG barracks, unless they have the proper identification with them.
- "Japan Sets Up Its 1st Special Ground Operations Unit". Asia Africa Intelligence Wire. 2004-03-29. Retrieved 2009-01-14.
- "What is the CRF （Central Readiness Force）？". Retrieved 2009-01-13.
- "特殊作戦群" (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 2008-01-30. Retrieved 2011-08-26.
- "Japan launches counter-terrorism force". The China Post. 2007-04-07. Retrieved 2009-01-13.
- Archived December 1, 2005 at the Wayback Machine
- Archived June 22, 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- "일본 자위대 신속대응전력 대폭 증강" (in Korean). Defense Media Agency. Retrieved 2011-08-26.
- "特殊作戦群 Special Forces Group (SFGp)" (in Japanese). Retrieved 2009-01-13.
- 全文掲載：飯柴大尉の声明文. Retrieved on January 12, 2009. (Japanese)
- "陸上自衛隊唯一の特殊部隊 特殊作戦群の解説" (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 2012-11-28. Retrieved 2012-11-28.
- "自衛隊の採用する銃" (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 2012-11-28. Retrieved 2012-11-28.
- Japan Primer. University of Texas. 2007. Archived from the original on 2009-04-14. Retrieved 2007-10-06.
- Nao Shimoyachi (2004-03-30). "GSDF inaugurates undercover antiterrorist squad". The Japan Times. Retrieved 2009-01-13.
- Miscellaneous notes
- Official SFGp CRF Page. (Japanese)