Special Forces of Zimbabwe
Special Forces of Zimbabwe (formerly Rhodesia) are the units of the Zimbabwe National Army that operate as special forces. These forces have been deployed in several African conflicts, including the Mozambique Civil War and the Second Congo War.
- One Commando Regiment (formerly One Commando Battalion, previously the Rhodesian Light Infantry), based at Cranborne Barracks, Harare. The commando regiment is led by Lieutenant Colonel Hwami Vengesai. Selection phase include four-day navigating day and night in the Zambezi Valley while carrying a 30 kg weight on an empty stomach. Further training curriculum include river crossing, mountain climbing, reconnaissance, anti-hijacking, sniping, unarmed combat, tracking and bush craft. Also included is jungle survival on wild fruits and natural remedies for medical treatment.
- One Parachute Regiment (sometimes referred to as Parachute Group) at Inkomo Barracks just North of Harare. The Regiment was originally reconstituted from the Rhodesian Special Air Service. The regiment is led by Lieutenant Colonel Charles Mazaiwana.
- Combat Diving Unit.
- Special Air Service - based at Kabrit Barracks, adjacent to Harare Airport, under the command of Colonel Panga Kufa. The SAS has recently allowed women to be recruited into the unit.
- Zimbabwe Mounted Infantry or Grey's Scouts, a horse-mounted reconnaissance unit. The main unit used to be based at Guinea Fowl. The battalion conducts border patrols and anti-poaching operations. The regiment is commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Bothwell Brian Chigaba 
- Boat Squadron with five sub-units:
- A Troop, with a strength of 40 men and equipped with a few interceptor craft.
- B Troop maintained assault boats able to ferry troops ashore
- C Troop, with a large transporter, the Ubique—a 72 tonne landing craft capable of carrying 30 tonnes of men and equipment including armoured cars. Ubique was also armed with 12.7 and 7.62 mm machine guns for self-protection and covering fire purposes.
- D Troop—this support group was trained for protecting beach-heads and making assault landings for non-specialised units, employing mortar and support weapons.
- E Troop was deployed for the purposes of guarding the harbours on Lake Kariba and around the rest of the squadron, as required.
There is also a diving school, equipped with a decompression chamber, operated in conjunction with the commandos. The Police operates patrol boats that include 2 x Rodman 46HJ, 3 x Rodman 38, 5 x Roadman 26, 8 x Type B 79 and an unknown number of Rodman 790s.
- 5–9 December 1984 the Parachute Group and Special Air Service (SAS) spearheaded Operation Lemon.
- 20 August 1985 in Operation Grape Fruit the Parachute Group and One Command Battalion supported 3 Brigade in taking over the MNR Muxamba base.
- 28 August 1985 SAS and Commando Regiment units lead raid on Casa Banana.
- 24 January 1986 in Operation Octopus, Paras and Commandos were dropped near Marromeu to secure the town and the sugar refinery. 27 January 1986 several Para drops were made in support of the operation.
Zimbabwean commandos defended Kinshasa at the last minute when it was on the brink of falling to rebels to invading Ugandan and Rwandan army units. Due to the river networks in the DRC, the Boat Squadron saw extensive use during the course of Zimbabwe’s involvement.
The Parachute Regiment suffered a heavy blow when 15 soldiers and together with their CASA 212 were captured after landing on an airstrip already controlled by the invading forces. It is believed the DRC government army unit they were supposed to join had defected to the rebels. The battle of Kinshasa was won by the Airforce of Zimbabwe. It played a crucial role in the securing of Kinshasa as the ZNA could not move since the rebels were all over the place. It was the jets of 5 Sqn which played a crucial role together with helicopter squadrons of the AFZ who managed to neutralise the rebels by destroying their tanks and heavy artillery. The AFZ gained a lot of respect for as they showed their expertise as well as professionalism throughout the entire war. It was them who secured the Matadi corridor, Bukavu and the Inga dam with the support of the Zim commandos, SAS, Paras and Ambphibious sqn.
For more on past operations please see the Zimbabwe National Army page.
- Norma Kriger, Guerilla Veterans in post-war Zimbabwe, 2003, p.109
- allAfrica.com: Zimbabwe: Army Investigates Reports of Coup Plot (Page 1 of 1)
- Defence Digest - Working Paper 3