Special Hockey, sometimes known as Adaptive Hockey, is a version of ice hockey adapted for athletes with cognitive disorders. For such athletes it bears a similar relationship to ice hockey as ice sledge hockey does for athletes with disorders of mobility.
Administratively Special Hockey is managed through Special Hockey International  and through national organizations such as the American Special Hockey Association. Teams are typically supported by regional hockey associations, local adaptive athlete programs, user fees and generous donations from local organizations.
Founded in 2006 Minnesota Hockey's Special Hockey Association  has 5 teams as of 2010, all in the Twin Cities area. These include the North Polars, West Eagles, Wildcats, Rapters and East Stingers.