Special Operations Battalion (Croatia)

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Special Operations Battalion
Amblem BSD-a.jpg
Emblem of Special Operations Battalion
Active September 8, 2003
Country Croatia
Branch General staff unit
Type Special operation force
Role
Size 5 companies
Garrison/HQ Drgomalj Delnice
Nickname Green berets,Cobras
Motto

Svi su pozvani, rijetki su odabrani (All are invited, few are chosen)

- Matthew 22:14
Colors green
Anniversaries 8 September
Engagements
Decorations Green berets
Commanders
Current
commander
Lieutenant Colonel Perica Turalija

The Special Operations Battalion (Croatian: Bojna za specijalna djelovanja), or popularly BSD was founded on 8 September 2000 when the Special Combat Skills Center from Šepurine and the 1st Croatian Guards Brigade (Croatian: 1. hrvatski gardijski zdrug, a component of the 1st Croatian Guards Corps) were amalgamated.[1] Today, it is the most elite units of the Croatian Armed Forces, as well as being the best trained and equipped special forces units in the region. It, along with other Croatian Special Forces units, has the unique benefit in the region of having a command cadre with victorious combat experience in a full-scale war.

The BSD members can be recognized by their green berets with unit badges over the right eye. Their symbol is a snake, so they are sometimes referred as "Cobras" although their insignia shows a Horned viper which is the most dangerous snake to be found in Croatia and in mainland Europe.

Main tasks[edit]

The Battalion is focused on airborne assault as well as operations behind enemy lines with insertion from land, air or sea. However, unlike most special forces in the world, the Battalion is also trained in non-combat search and rescue of civilians and providing aid as well as dealing with natural disasters. The unit is equipped with the most sophisticated weapons and equipment available, and trained to undertake the full range of special ops missions and even the dangerous mid-air, aircraft-to-aircraft operations. Personnel are trained for:

  • Combat operations on land, air and sea on all types of terrains and all weather conditions
  • Deep battlefield infiltration by land, air and sea
  • Unconventional warfare behind enemy lines
  • Counter-terrorism and hand-to-hand combat
  • CSAR missions (Combat Search and Rescue)
  • Humanitarian and peacekeeping operations

The Croatian General Staff exercises direct command over the battalion which thus elevated the unit to strategic level for quicker response time and overall better and faster deployment on both tactical and strategic levels. Also, this means that members of all three branches of the Croatian armed forces can apply for selection. In 2008, two women successfully completed selection and training, earning their green berets and making the BSD one of the few special forces units in the world that have women among their ranks as combat qualified operators and not just support staff.


Structure of BSD[edit]

The BSD is composed of one command section and five companies, each specialized for a different variety of missions.

  • Command Section - responsible for command, control and communications, supplies, medical personnel and transport
  • 1st Special Operations Company - specialized for airborne and pathfinder operations
  • 2nd Special Operations Company - specialized for alpinism and mountain operations
  • 3rd Special Operations Company - specialized for seaborne and amphibious operations
  • 4th Special Operations Company - specialized for urban and anti-terrorist operations
  • Fire Support Company - specialized for sniper and mortar training, also provides fire support with snipers to other four BSD companies

Equipment[edit]

Weapons[edit]

Model Image Caliber Origin Variants
HS2000 HS 2000 cal. 9x19.JPG 9x19mm  Croatia XD9 and XD45
Model Image Caliber Origin Variants
H&K MP5 MP5.jpg 9x19mm  Germany A3 and SD3
H&K UMP HKUMP45.JPG 9x19mm  Germany UMP9 and UMP45
H&K MP7 H&K MP7.jpg 4.6x30mm  Germany A1 and A2
Model Image Caliber Origin Variants
Heckler & Koch G36 Domok g36.JPG 5.56X45mm  Germany KV and C
Heckler & Koch HK416 HK416.jpg 5.56x45mm  Germany D14.5RS Gen. 2
Heckler & Koch HK417 HK 417 080810 44.jpg 7.62x51mm  Germany HK417 16" 'Recce' or 'Recon'
VHS assault rifle VHS 2.jpg 5.56X45mm  Croatia VHS-D,VH-K and VHS 2
FN F2000 FN F2000 S.jpg 5.56x45mm  Belgium F2000
FN SCAR FN SCAR rifle.jpg 5.56x45mm(SCAR-L) 7.62x51mm(SCAR-H)  Belgium L and H
M4 carbine PEO M4 Carbine RAS M68 CCO.jpg 5.56x45mm  United States A1
Steyr AUG Steyr-AUG.jpeg 5.56x45mm  Austria AUG A3
ACR Magpul masada 16fde.jpg 5.56x45mm  United States ACR compact
Model Image Caliber Origin
Browning M2 Machine gun M2 1.jpg 12.7x99mm  United States
FN M249 PEO M249 Para ACOG.jpg 5.56x45mm  Belgium
FN MAG MAG-latrun-exhibition-1.jpg 7.62x51mm  Belgium
Ultimax 100 Section Automatic Weapon.jpg 5.56x45mm  Singapore
MG36 G36 CMag.jpg 5.56x45mm  Germany
Model Image Caliber Origin Variants
Sako TRG-42 Sako TRG-42.jpg .300 Winchester Magnum  Finland TRG-42 .300 Winchester Magnum
MACS M3 MACSM3.png 12.7x99mm  Croatia MACS M3 and MACS M4
RT-20 Gun RT-20.svg 20x110mm  Croatia M1
M40 rifle Scout sniper snow MARPAT.jpg 7.62x51  United States A5
Barrett M82 M82A1 barrett.jpeg 12.7x99mm  United States A1
Steyr SSG 69 Steyr SSG 69.jpg 7.62x51mm  Austria P4
Heckler & Koch PSG1 H&K PSG-1 Sniper Rifle.jpg 7.62x51mm  Germany PSG1
Model Image Caliber Origin Variants
Mossberg 500 PEO Mossberg 590A1.jpg 12 gauge,20 gauge,.410 bore  United States mossberg 500
Franchi SPAS-12 SPAS-12 stock folded.jpg 12 gauge  Italy SPAS-12
Benelli M4 Super 90 Benelli m4 2.jpg 12 gauge  Italy M4
Maverick 88 Maverick 88 Pragl.jpg 12 gauge  United States Maverick 88
Model Image Caliber Origin Note
Mk.19 AGL MK19-02.jpg 40x53mm  United States Used on vehicles
RBG-6 Milkor GL.jpg 40x46mm  Croatia Locally produced by Metallic d.o.o., designated RBG-6
H&K AG36 GewehrAG36.jpg 40x46mm  Germany Comes as standard with all H&K G36C
Model Image Caliber Origin Note
M57 Минобацач М57 60мм.jpg 60mm Mortar  Yugoslavia Mortar underwent modification to meet NATO requirements
M96 Mortar 82mm M-69 Croatian Army.JPG 82mm Mortar  Yugoslavia Mortar underwent modification to meet NATO requirements
Model Image Type Origin
9K38 Igla IGLA-S MANPADS at IDELF-2008.jpg MANPADS  Soviet Union
FIM-92 Stinger FIM-92 Stinger USMC.JPG MANPADS  United States
Model Image Type Origin Note
9К115-2 Metis-M/9K115 Metis Antitank missile system Metis-M1.jpg wire-guided anti-tank missile  Soviet Union
9M113 Konkurs Flickr - Israel Defense Forces - Russian-Made Missile Found in Hezbollah Hands.jpg wire-guided anti-tank missile  Soviet Union To be replaced by Javelin or Eurospike at some point in near future
9K111 Fagot POLK 9K111 Fagot.jpg wire-guided anti-tank missile  Soviet Union Awaiting replacement by a modern tandem warhead anti tank system
9K11 Malyutka AT-3 Sagger.jpg wire-guided anti-tank missile  Soviet Union To be replaced by modern tandem warhead system after 2015.
RL90 M95 Лансер М79 Оса.jpg RPG  Croatia To be phased out by 2017 and kept in reserve, replaced entirely by Swedish made Carl Gustav recoilless rifle after 2017.
AT4 AT4-johnson2004-02-03.jpg RPG  Sweden
RPG-7 RPG-7 detached.jpg RPG  Soviet Union


Model Image Type Origin
Mercedes G 4WD Utility Light Utility Vehicle  Germany
Iveco LMV Lako oklopno vozilo Iveco (HV).jpg IMV  Italy
BOV VP BOV BSD (2).jpg APC  Yugoslavia
Oshkosh M-ATV M153 CROWS mounted on a U.S. Army M-ATV.jpg MRAP  United States
M1151 Up-Armored Capable HMMWV Humvee in difficult terrain.jpg IMV  United States
Patria AMV Croatian Patria AMV Karlovac 2009.jpg APC  Finland
Model Image Type Origin
Bell 206B-3 Bell 206 111209 1.jpg Utility helicopter  Canada
Mil Mi-171Sh Mil Mi-171Sh front.jpg Combat-support helicopter  Russia
Mi-8MTV-1 MIL Mi 8MTV 1 111209 3.jpg Transport helicopter  Russia

Vessels[edit]

International engagements[edit]

BSD members have been deployed on several peacekeeping operations and missions in the world. BSD was engaged in EUFOR Tchad/RCA, ISAF within ISAF SOF TF-50 detached from Polish Jednostka Wojskowa Komandosów.

There was some speculation in the Croatian media and amongst the public that BSD members are conducting combat missions in Iraq side-by-side with US Army, in contravention of a Croatian parliament mandate for the United Nations mission, but this was dismissed by the Croatian Ministry of Defense.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]