Special Security Team
|Special Security Team|
|Active||(Kansai Airport Marine Guard) 1985 - 1996
(Special Security Team) 1996 - Present
|Branch||Japan Coast Guard|
|Role||Domestic Counter-Terrorism and Law Enforcement|
|Part of||Directly under control of the Japan Coast Guard|
|Garrison/HQ||Osaka Special Security Station, Kobe, Japan|
|Engagements||Various anti-crime operations, Anti-North Korean spy ship skirmishes (1999-early 2002)|
|Coast Guard Captain (Name Unknown)|
|Small Japan flag on patch, Japan Coast Guard written in kanji and English on rear of tactical vest|
The Special Security Team (特殊警備隊 Tokushu Keibitai ) is the official counter-terrorist unit of the Japanese Coast Guard. Formerly known as the Kansai International Airport Marine Guard, it was renamed after a period of reorganization. It is tasked with the rapid response to domestic terrorist and hijacking incidents against any ships in Japanese waters.
The origins of the SST is tracked back to the former Kansai International Airport Marine Guard in 1985. The former Marine Guard was formerly trained by US Navy SEALs and the Japanese 1st Airborne Brigade.
In 1989, KAMG operatives were involved in storming a Panama-registered vessel after receiving requests via radio for assistance in the East China Sea near Okinawan waters after British officers were attacked by Filipino crewmembers during a riot. All of the arrested crew members were then taken into custody. In 1992, the KAMG was deployed to guard ships carrying nuclear waste from France all the way to Japan, protecting them from any sort of staged attacks from any radical anti-nuclear activist groups.
The following ranks are observed from within the SST:
- Chief of Osaka Special Security Station (Rank - Coast Guard Captain)
- Company leader (Rank - Coast Guard Lieutenant Commander）
- 1st Special Security Team (8 Persons. Rank of Leader - Coast Guard Lieutenant)
- 2nd - 7th Special Security Team (Organization similar to the 1st Special Security Team.)
- Special Rescue Team
- Maritime Safety and Security Team - counterpart of the United States Coast Guard.
- Komina Takao, 海上保安庁特殊部隊SST, 2005. ISBN 4-89063-193-3
- "Unofficial SST Information Page" (in Japanese). Retrieved 2010-05-27.
- Richard J. Samuels. "New Fighting Power!, Japan’s Growing Maritime Capabilities and East Asian Security". Retrieved 2010-05-27.
- "GSDF inaugurates undercover antiterrorist squad". The Japan Times. 2004-03-30. Retrieved 2010-05-27.
- "不審船を追跡!! ～威嚇射撃を実施～" (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 2005-07-06. Retrieved 2010-05-27.
- "九州南西海域における工作船事件について" (in Japanese). Japan Coast Guard. Retrieved 2010-05-27.
- Iain Ballantyne (UK) and Yoshiharu Fukushima (Japan). "WEB SPECIAL - The Hunt for W.M.D.". Warships Magazine. Retrieved 2010-05-27.
- "Unofficial SST Page" (in Japanese). Retrieved 2010-05-27.
- "日本の特殊部隊" (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 2012-11-16.
- The PM-9 was not adopted by the SST due to problems with the SMG for unspecified reasons; it is only used for training exercises.
- Unofficial SST information page (Japanese)