Special State Protection Service of Georgia

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Special State Protection Service
სახელმწიფო დაცვის სპეციალური სამსახური
Special State Protection Service (Georgia) COA.JPG
SSPS coat of arms
Special State Protection Service (Georgia) flag.JPG
SSPS flag
Agency overview
Formed June 23 1994
Headquarters 2 April 9 St., Tbilisi, Georgia
Agency executive Teimuraz Janashia,
Head of the Special State Protection Service
Website www.ssps.gov.ge

The Special State Protection Service of Georgia (SSPS) (Georgian: საქართველოს სახელმწიფო დაცვის სპეციალური სამსახური [სდსს], sakartvelos sakhelmtsipo datsvis spetsialuri samsakhuri) is a militarized government agency of Georgia tasked with the protection of several, mandated by the relevant law, high-ranking state officials, including the President of Georgia, as well as certain national properties, high-ranking foreign visitors and diplomatic offices. It is mostly subordinated to the Parliament of Georgia, with only the part responsible for the incumbent president's security being under the authority of the President of Georgia.[1][2]

History[edit]

The predecessor of the Special State Protection Service was the Government Protective Service of the Republic of Georgia (საქართველოს რესპუბლიკის სამთავრობო დაცვის სამსახური) formed on June 23 1994 on the basis of the Government Protective Directorate of the Ministry of State Security of Georgia. On February 20, 1996 the agency adopted the current name in line with the "Law of Georgia on Special State Protection Service".[1]

In 1998, the SSPS was further tasked with providing security to the ongoing energy projects in Georgia, such as the Baku–Tbilisi–Ceyhan pipeline.[1] This function was transferred to the Main Division for Protection of Strategic Pipelines of the Ministry of Internal Affairs on January 1, 2006.[3]

The agency has lost 7 personnel in the line of duty. Of these, two were killed in the attack on the then-President Eduard Shevardnadze's motorcade in Tbilisi on February 9, 1998.[4]

Heads of the service[edit]

Functions[edit]

The Special State Protection Service provides security to:

  • the leading officials from executive, legislative and judiciary bodies of Georgia,
  • the buildings, structures and the adjoining territories belonging to the government of Georgia,
  • the visiting high-ranking foreign officials, representatives of the international organisations, and other important persons,
  • the places, temporary or permanent, where the Georgian government or officials reside.[5]

The persons subjected to protection are:

By decision of the President of Georgia, personal security may by provided to:

  • Deputy Chairperson of the Parliament of Georgia, members of the Parliament, members of the Government, other high-ranking officials as well as their family members if the evidence suggests threat to their lives and health;
  • Highest-ranking foreign officials and representatives of international organizations;
  • Heads of diplomatic missions to Georgia;
  • Family members of former high-ranking officials as mandated by a special law.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d History. Special State Protection Service of Georgia. Accessed on April 24, 2011
  2. ^ Parliament Confirms Changes in SSPS. Civil Georgia. January 18, 2013.
  3. ^ Main Division for Protection of Strategic Pipelines. Ministry of Internal Affairs. Accessed on April 24, 2011
  4. ^ In Memoriam. Special State Protection Service of Georgia. Accessed on April 24, 2011
  5. ^ a b c (Georgian)საქართველოს კანონი სახელმწიფო დაცვის სპეციალური სამსახურის შესახებ. Special State Protection Service of Georgia. Accessed on April 24, 2011