Special Task Force (India)

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In India, every state has a power to constitute a Special Task Force (STF) to deal with certain problems in a specific manner.[1] They are primarily formed due to lack of adequate police forces for a task, like major criminal, or criminal network or as a counter insurgency or anti-terrorism measure.[2][3][4]

The states of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka first raised Special Task forces in the 1980s to counter ivory poacher, Veerapan, the forces eventually killed in 2004 with Operation Cocoon. In late 1980s, such force were formed in Punjab to counter insurgency. [2]

Uttar Pradesh[edit]

STF was first constituted by Uttar Pradesh police to control the exponentially increasing crime rates. The extortion and other illegal activities were at its all time high. The STF proved to be very successful in capturing criminals and controlling crimes in UP. Since then it has been an integral part of UP police.[citation needed]


Another Special Task Force was constituted by Karnataka and Tamil Nadu to nab forest bandits and sandalwood smugglers. This was very successful however other states didn't follow.

States of Bihar and Jharkhand also has a Special Task Force.[5]


  1. ^ "Special task force asks Bihar railway official to help trace 'wanted' station master". The Times of India. Mar 4, 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-09. 
  2. ^ a b Stephen P. Cohen; Sunil Dasgupta (2013). Arming without Aiming: India's Military Modernization. Brookings Institution Press. pp. 125–. ISBN 0-8157-2492-6. 
  3. ^ P. J. Alexander (2002). Policing India in the New Millennium. Allied Publishers. pp. 467–. ISBN 978-81-7764-207-0. 
  4. ^ P C Katoch (Retd Indian Army); Saikat Datta (2013). India's Special Forces: History and Future of Special Forces. Vij Books India Pvt Ltd. pp. 134–. ISBN 978-93-82573-97-5. 
  5. ^ "Jharkhand Special Task Force (STF)". Department of Police, State Government of Jharkhand. Retrieved 2014-03-09.