Special cities of Japan

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Sapporo Hakodate, Hokkaidō Asahikawa, Hokkaidō Aomori, Aomori Hachinohe, Aomori Morioka, Iwate Sendai Akita, Akita Yamagata, Yamagata Kōriyama, Fukushima Iwaki, Fukushima Mito, Ibaraki Tsukuba, Ibaraki Utsunomiya, Tochigi Maebashi, Gunma Takasaki, Gunma Isesaki, Gunma Ōta, Gunma Saitama, Saitama Kawagoe, Saitama Kumagaya, Saitama Kawaguchi, Saitama Tokorozawa, Saitama Kasukabe, Saitama Sōka Koshigaya, Saitama Chiba, Chiba Funabashi, Chiba Kashiwa, Chiba Yokohama Kawasaki, Kanagawa Yokosuka, Kanagawa Hiratsuka, Kanagawa Odawara, Kanagawa Chigasaki, Kanagawa Sagamihara Atsugi, Kanagawa Yamato, Kanagawa Niigata, Niigata Nagaoka, Niigata Jōetsu, Niigata Toyama, Toyama Kanazawa, Ishikawa Fukui, Fukui Kōfu, Yamanashi Nagano, Nagano Matsumoto, Nagano Gifu, Gifu Shizuoka, Shizuoka Hamamatsu Numazu, Shizuoka Fuji, Shizuoka Nagoya Toyohashi, Aichi Okazaki, Aichi Ichinomiya, Aichi Kasugai, Aichi Toyota, Aichi Tsu, Mie Yokkaichi, Mie Ōtsu, Shiga Kyoto Osaka Sakai, Osaka Kishiwada, Osaka Toyonaka, Osaka Suita Takatsuki, Osaka Hirakata, Osaka Ibaraki, Osaka Yao, Osaka Neyagawa, Osaka Higashiōsaka, Osaka Kobe Himeji, Hyōgo Amagasaki Akashi, Hyōgo Nishinomiya Kakogawa, Hyōgo Takarazuka, Hyōgo Nara, Nara Wakayama, Wakayama Tottori, Tottori Matsue, Shimane Okayama Kurashiki, Okayama Hiroshima Kure, Hiroshima Fukuyama, Hiroshima Shimonoseki Takamatsu, Kagawa Matsuyama, Ehime Kōchi, Kōchi Kitakyushu Fukuoka Kurume, Fukuoka Nagasaki Sasebo, Nagasaki Kumamoto Ōita, Ōita Miyazaki, Miyazaki Kagoshima Naha, Okinawa
(Circle click-able)
― Designated cities
― Core cities
― Special cities

A special city (特例市 Tokureishi?) of Japan is a city with a population of at least 200,000, and is delegated a subset of the functions[specify] delegated to a core city.

This category was established by the Local Autonomy Law, article 252 clause 26. They are designated by the Cabinet after a request by the city council and the prefectural assembly.

The special cities are not the same as the special wards of Tokyo.

List of special cities[edit]

Currently, 40 cities have been designated as Special Cities:

Name Japanese Population (2012) Date of designation Region Prefecture
Akashi 明石 290,927 2002-04-01 Kansai Hyōgo
Atsugi 厚木 224,181 2002-04-01 Kantō Kanagawa
Chigasaki 茅ヶ崎 236,222 2003-04-01 Kantō Kanagawa
Fuji 富士 253,455 2001-04-01 Chūbu Shizuoka
Fukui 福井 266,612 2000-04-01 Chūbu Fukui
Hachinohe 八戸 236,390 2001-04-01 Tōhoku Aomori
Hirakata 枚方 407,270 2001-04-01 Kansai Osaka
Hiratsuka 平塚 260,061 2001-04-01 Kantō Kanagawa
Ibaraki 茨木 276,474 2001-04-01 Kansai Osaka
Ichinomiya 一宮 378,996 2001-04-01 Chūbu Aichi
Isesaki 伊勢崎 207,253 2007-04-01 Kantō Gunma
Jōetsu 上越 202,366 2007-04-01 Chūbu Niigata
Kakogawa 加古川 268,175 2002-04-01 Kansai Hyōgo
Kasugai 春日井 306,573 2002-04-01 Chūbu Aichi
Kasukabe 春日部 236,976 2008-04-01 Kantō Saitama
Kawaguchi 川口 561,788 2001-04-01 Kantō Saitama
Kishiwada 岸和田 198,615 2002-04-01 Kansai Osaka
Kōfu 甲府 197,318 2000-04-01 Chūbu Yamanashi
Koshigaya 越谷 328,079 2003-04-01 Kantō Saitama
Kumagaya 熊谷 201,814 2009-04-01 Kantō Saitama
Kure 236,595 2000-04-01 Chūgoku Hiroshima
Matsue 松江 208,160 2012-04-01 Chūgoku Shimane
Matsumoto 松本 243,431 2000-04-01 Chūbu Nagano
Mito 水戸 269,162 2001-04-01 Kantō Ibaraki
Nagaoka 長岡 281,101 2007-04-01 Chūbu Niigata
Neyagawa 寝屋川 238,819 2001-04-01 Kansai Osaka
Numazu 沼津 199,883 2000-04-01 Chūbu Shizuoka
Odawara 小田原 197,413 2000-04-01 Kantō Kanagawa
Ōta 太田 217,107 2007-04-01 Kantō Gunma
Sasebo 佐世保 259,676 2001-04-01 Kyushu Nagasaki
Sōka 草加 244,851 2004-04-01 Kantō Saitama
Suita 吹田 357,917 2001-04-01 Kansai Osaka
Takarazuka 宝塚 227,617 2003-04-01 Kansai Hyōgo
Tokorozawa 所沢 342,321 2002-04-01 Kantō Saitama
Tottori 鳥取 196,538 2005-04-01 Chūgoku Tottori
Tsukuba つくば 216,221 2007-04-01 Kantō Ibaraki
Yamagata 山形 254,519 2001-04-01 Tōhoku Yamagata
Yamato 大和 230,357 2000-04-01 Kantō Kanagawa
Yao 八尾 270,735 2001-04-01 Kansai Osaka
Yokkaichi 四日市 307,599 2000-04-01 Kansai Mie

Former special cities now core or designated cities[edit]

Name Japanese Date of designation Date of reclassification Region Prefecture
Hakodate 函館 2000-11-01 2005-10-01 (Core city) Hokkaido Hokkaido
Shimizu 清水 2001-04-01 2003-04-01 (merge into Shizuoka) Chūbu Shizuoka
Shimonoseki 下関 2002-04-01 2005-02-12 (Core city) Chūgoku Yamaguchi
Morioka 盛岡 2000-11-01 2008-04-01 (Core city) Tōhoku Iwate
Kurume 久留米 2001-04-01 2008-04-01 (Core city) Kyushu Fukuoka
Maebashi 前橋 2001-04-01 2009-04-01 (Core city) Kantō Gunma
Ōtsu 大津 2001-04-01 2009-04-01 (Core city) Kansai Shiga
Amagasaki 尼崎 2001-04-01 2009-04-01 (Core city) Kansai Hyōgo
Takasaki 高崎 2001-04-01 2011-04-01 (Core city) Kantō Gunma
Toyonaka 豊中 2001-04-01 2012-04-01 (Core city) Kansai Osaka


Cities that have the requirements but are not yet designated[edit]

The following cities have the population of more than 200,000 people but have not yet been designated (Scheduled to become a special city are not in this list)

See also[edit]

Administrative divisions
of Japan
Prefectural
 
Sub-prefectural
Municipal
Sub-municipal

References[edit]

External links[edit]