Special cities of North Korea
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|This article is part of
a series on the
|Administrative divisions of North Korea|
(도 道 to)
(직할시 直轄市 chikhalsi)
(특별시 特別市 t'ŭkpyŏlsi)
(특급시 特級市 t'ŭkkŭpsi)
(시 市 si)
(군 郡 kun)
(구역 區域 kuyŏk)
(구 區 ku)
(읍 邑 ŭp)
(동 洞 tong)
(리 里 ri)
(로동자구 勞動者區 rodongjagu)
Position in hierarchy and types
Special cities are the higher-ranked administrative divisions in North Korea. There are three kinds of special cities in North Korea.
|Type||Chosongul||Hanja||McCune–Reischauer||Level||City names||No. of cities|
|Special city||특별시||特別市||T'ŭkpyŏlsi||First||Rason, Nampo||2|
These first level cities have equal status to the provinces.
List of special cities
|Pyongyang||평양시||平壤市||Directly-administered city||KP-01||3,255,388||3,194||1,019||Chung-guyok||Kwanso||S. Pyongan||1946|
|Rason||라선시||羅先市||Special city||KP-13||205,000||746||275||Rajin-guyok||Kwanbuk||N. Hamgyong||2010|
|Nampo||남포시||南浦市||Special city||KP-??||366,815||829||442||Waudo-guyok||Kwanso||S. Pyongan||2011|
|Kaesong||개성시||開城市||Special-level city||none||308,440||1,309||235||Haeso||N. Hwanghae||2003|
- Pyongyang is classified as a capital city (chikhalsi), not a special city as Seoul in South Korea. In fact, the North Korean national newspaper and broadcasting say "Pyongyang Chikhalsi". Some sources, most of them come from South Korea, refer the city as a special city; however these are the old sources. Moreover, South Korea has corrected the city as a directly governed city, according to a South Korean newspaper in 1994. Also note that the official name of Pyongyang would be "Pyongyang-si" in the Republic of Korea, which officially claims to represent the entire peninsula.
- Special-level city is the second level administrative division. Kaesong is still a part of North Hwanghae Province.
List of defunct special cities
|Division name||Chosongul||Hancha||Province absorb into||Administered Years|
|Chongjin||청진시||淸津市||N. Hamgyong||1960–1967, 1977–1985|