Specialty coffee

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

"Specialty coffee" was first used in 1974 by Erna Knutsen in an issue of Tea & Coffee Trade Journal. Knutsen used this term to describe beans of the best flavor which are produced in special microclimates.

Specialty coffee should not be confused with "gourmet" or "premium" coffee. The latter are marketing terms with no defined standards. According to the Specialty Coffee Association of America (SCAA), coffee which scores 80 points or above on a 100-point scale is graded "specialty." Specialty coffees are grown in special and ideal climates, and are distinctive because of their full cup taste and little to no defects. The unique flavors and tastes are a result of the special characteristics and composition of the soils in which they are produced.

The specialty segment is the most rapidly growing portion of the coffee industry. In the U.S., specialty coffee has increased its market share from 1% to 20% in the last 25 years.[1]

To promote and self-regulate the industry, growers, exporters, roasters, retailers and equipment suppliers have established trade associations. These associations exist in both coffee-consuming and producing countries.

Associations in consuming countries[edit]

Specialty Coffee Association of America[2]

Speciality Coffee Association of Europe[3]

Specialty Coffee Association of Japan[4]

New Zealand Coffee Roasters Association[5]

Singapore Coffee Association[6]

AustralAsian Specialty Coffee Association[7]

Specialty Coffee Association of Korea [8]

Associations in producing and consuming countries[edit]

  • Specialty Coffee Association of Bolivia
  • Brazil Specialty Coffee Association[9]
  • Colombian Coffee Federation[10]
  • Specialty Coffee Association of Costa Rica[11]
  • East African Fine Coffees Association[12]
  • Itzalco Fine Coffee Association of El Salvador[13]
  • Specialty Coffee Association of India[14]
  • Specialty Coffee Association of Indonesia[15]
  • Asociación de Cafes Especiales de Nicaragua
  • Association of Special Coffees of Panama[16]
  • Specialty Coffee Association of Southern Africa[17]
  • Specialty Coffee Association of Korea[18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Specialty Coffee Roasters [19]
  1. ^ Lingle, T: The State of the Specialty Coffee Industry, Tea and Coffee Trade Journal, July, 2007 [1] Retrieved 2008-08-08
  2. ^ [2] Retrieved on 2008-08-12
  3. ^ [3] Retrieved on 2008-08-12
  4. ^ [4] Retrieved on 2008-08-12
  5. ^ [5] Retrieved on 2008-08-12
  6. ^ [6] Retrieved on 2008-08-12
  7. ^ [7] Retrieved on 2008-08-12
  8. ^ [8] Retrieved on 2008-08-12
  9. ^ [9] Retrieved on 2008-08-12
  10. ^ [10] Retrieved on 2008-08-12
  11. ^ [11] Retrieved on 2008-08-12
  12. ^ [12] Retrieved on 2008-08-12
  13. ^ [13] Retrieved on 2008-08-12
  14. ^ [14] Retrieved on 2008-08-12
  15. ^ [15] Retrieved on 2008-08-12
  16. ^ [16] Retrieved on 2008-08-12
  17. ^ [17] Retrieved on 2008-08-12
  18. ^ [18] Retrieved on 2008-08-12