Spectral acceleration (SA) is a unit measured in g (the acceleration due to Earth's gravity, equivalent to g-force) that describes the maximum acceleration in an earthquake on an object – specifically a damped, harmonic oscillator moving in one physical dimension. This can be measured at (or specified for) different oscillation frequencies and with different degrees of damping, although 5% damping is commonly applied. The SA at different frequencies may be plotted to form a response spectrum.
Spectral acceleration, with a value related to the natural frequency of vibration of the building, is used in earthquake engineering and gives a closer approximation to the motion of a building or other structure in an earthquake than the peak ground acceleration value, although there is normally a correlation between [short period] SA and PGA.
Some seismic hazard maps are also produced using spectral acceleration.
- Spectral Acceleration Hazard Map of California - for 1 sec period
- 2005 National Building Code of Canada - Spectral Acceleration Hazard Maps for various periods
- Revision of Time-Independent Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Maps for Alaska
- What is a ground shaking hazard map? - Includes explanations of SA and PGA
|This geophysics-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|